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Hemingway's concept of heroes of principle

2019-11-15 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Hemingway's concept of heroes of principle,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了海明威笔下准则英雄的概念。在许多海明威的小说中,准则英雄以一种方式行动,使得评论家构想出了一种特殊的准则。必须强调的是,海明威的角色或者准则英雄自身从不提出准则,他从来都不说出这样广泛的概括性的词语。如果让准则英雄真正的构想出一套行为准则,让海明威的角色遵守,在某种意义上,违背了准则英雄的本性。他不谈论他的信仰,他是采取行动的人,而不是空谈理论的人。因此,随之而来的准则的概念不是那些由人物自己准确说明的内容,而是由那些对海明威作品和他的观点熟悉的评论家和读者说出的。


The war that the United States participated in made Americans suffer, and the "lost generation" writers came into being, represented by Hemingway. In his works, he created the image of brave heroes, describing their spirit of facing death, not fearing death and calmly dealing with death. It is this kind of standard hero that attracts readers and makes Hemingway, the Nobel Prize winner in literature.

An integral part of Hemingway's novels and, indeed, of Hemingway's usual study is the Hemingway concept of hero, sometimes more commonly known as "standard hero." When Hemingway's novels first appeared, they were immediately accepted by American readers. In fact, they are a hit. Part of the reason for acceptance is the fact that Hemingway created a new genre of fictional characters whose basic reactions to life appealed so strongly to people in the 1920s. At first, in Hemingway's heroes, the average reader sees a type of empathy, a type of dream. Hemingway's people are exceptional, alcoholics. Such people go on wildlife hunts, love bullfights, and attend all sorts of so-called events, even though the typical American man never does.

Hemingway lived in the era when the war had just ended. People suffering from the war were bored with everything, feeling that they had no future, no way out and were in a lost era. Hemingway was the representative of the "lost generation". So, he placed in the work, in the work of experimentation, looking for a way out. So, he created a series of fascinating heroes, and it was these characters that attracted the postwar crowd. These characters have rules to follow, so, also known as code heroes.

Behind the conception of the hero is the disillusionment of the American public, the disillusionment of the World War I. Sensitive people in the United States, and sensitive people around the world, have come to realize that the old concepts and values that exist in Christianity and other moral systems in the western world have not been able to save humanity from the disaster inherent in this world war. Thus, after the war, many sensitive writers began to look for a new system of values, that is, one that would replace the old accepted dogma, which proved to be useless. Because Hemingway had endured the enormity of World War I, he found it impossible to return to the quiet villages of the United States and accept the values that once held all Americans. Instead, he seeks principles based on a sense of order and behavior that will endure in any particular situation. Hemingway's values, therefore, were not Christian, nor were they the moral values we were familiar with in the protestant America of the 20th century.

With the emergence of more and more novels by Hemingway, as we become more and more familiar with this type of character, we gradually begin to conceive the image of Hemingway's standard hero. We have seen that in many of Hemingway's novels the code hero ACTS in a way that allows the critic to conceive of a particular code. It must be emphasized that Hemingway's character or the code hero himself never proposed the code, and he never uttered such broad generalizations. If the hero of the code really conceiving a code of conduct that Hemingway's character follows, in a sense, goes against the nature of the hero of the code. He does not talk about his beliefs. He is a man of action, not of theory. Consequently, the notion of a code that follows is not one accurately articulated by the character himself, but by critics and readers familiar with Hemingway's work and his views.

In Hemingway's novels, the idea of death pervaded or existed in the actions of all the characters in Hemingway's novels. This view is contained in Hemingway's concept of "you die, you die" and nothing else. If people can't accept the idea of life or reward after death, it is important to do something meaningful in this special time of life. If death puts an end to all activity, if death puts an end to all knowledge and consciousness, then one must seek his reward in his lifetime, that is to say, now, immediately. So Hemingway's character exists in large part to satisfy his greed, and he engages in all kinds of sports because these are the rewards of life.

Initially, Hemingway's characters attracted attention because of their drinking and their love affairs. Because what they do is very simple, they attract the public. If, in the simplest sense, people are faced with complete oblivion at the time of their death, all they can do is to enjoy physical activity as much as possible during their lifetime. So Hemingway's heroes drank, enjoyed food, enjoyed greed -- as much as they could. We can see this, for example, by recalling inconsequential scenes in Hemingway's writings. In "a farewell to arms," it's still war, and in the midst of a battlefield facing destruction, the protagonist Frederick Henry and his two ambulance drivers sit down and fully enjoy the taste of pasta, cheese and cheesy wine.

In Hemingway's writing, since death is the end of everything, then Hemingway's hero becomes to avoid death at all costs. Life must go on because it is precious and enjoyable. Life is everything, and death is nothing. Given this view, casual and superficial readers will wonder why Hemingway's heroes of principle always encounter death, or choose to fight it. Characters like bullfighters and hunters often face death. Why? From all this, we came to the conclusion that "grace under pressure". According to this concept, a character must act in an acceptable manner in the face of death. In other words, Hemingway's man must be afraid of death, but not afraid of it. When we say fear, we mean that he must be wise enough to realize that death is the end of everything, and therefore, he must constantly avoid death in one way or another.

But it is important that men never act cowardly. In the face of death, he must not show fear, trembling and fright. We can further speculate on the idea that if a person wants to live, he must sometimes focus directly on death. This sometimes shows the inner qualities of a man, tests his manhood, and helps to create a little tension and vivacity in the life he is living. It was for this reason that Hemingway either set his characters in war, in a bullring, or on the plains of Africa, where he faced animals that wanted to kill him. In this case, Hemingway's man shows calmness, grace, courage and discipline, all of which lead to the idea of "grace under pressure." If a man has never been threatened with death, never been in danger at all, the man is untested, and we don't know if he will withstand the pressure, if he will prove to be Hemingway's man.

In the novel the old man and the sea, Santiago is confronted with a potential death as he sets out to hunt for a real big fish far away. He was very old, barely ate food, had little energy, and no longer knew the constellations that had once guided him. However, marlins are very strong, weighing more than 1,500 pounds and trying to escape. Santiago fought it until his hand was cut and bleeding, until his vision was blurred, until he felt faint. But he still struggles with the fish. Besides, he was alone, with no one to help him. He had only his courage for company, he fought with dignity against the fish, facing all kinds of hardships, so, although he lost the marlin, but, he survived, because he bravely went to sea, against such a big fish, he won a spiritual victory for himself. Because he showed the utmost courage and strength, he won the test, therefore, he is the winner, he is Hemingway's real code hero.

Hemingway's heroes are the products of The Times, they face death, not afraid of death, showing their manliness. This kind of characters attracted the readers who were "lost" at that time, and also made the Nobel Prize winner Hemingway. Today, the United States is still involved in foreign wars, so Hemingway's novels endure because they have some practical significance.


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