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Planning and design of golden gate park

2019-09-11 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Planning and design of golden gate park,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了金门公园的规划设计。金门公园位于美国加利福尼亚州旧金山,作为世界上最大的城市公园,是美国城市公园运动的产物,其规划设计理念,手法与一般的城市公园截然不同。金门公园有明显的边界,东南西北四边均是城市干道,东西横跨53个街区。几大功能分区结合道路共同形成了金门公园的空间序列组合。

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Golden gate park is located in San Francisco, California, USA. It was built in 1870, extending from stanian street to ocean beach. It is 4.8km from east to west, spanning 53 blocks, 0.Skm from north to south, and covers an area of 4.12km2. Golden gate park is the fifth most-visited park in the United States after New York's central park, Chicago's Lincoln park, San Diego's balboa park and mission bay park.

Golden gate park has a clear boundary, the four sides of the southeast, northwest are urban trunk roads, east and west across 53 blocks, can be used to enter the entrance of 16, can walk into the entrance every 2 ~ 5 blocks, convenient for residents or visitors to enter. Several functional zones combined with roads form the spatial sequence combination of golden gate park.

Roads divide the Spaces, creating open, semi-open and private Spaces through plants, buildings, structures and natural height differences.

Roads are the backbone of the park, connecting all parts of it. The roads in golden gate park are divided into three levels: main road, secondary road and internal road. The main road from inside to outside is bike lane, parking lane, bike lane and walking lane. The secondary main road is narrower than the main road, but also can pass vehicles, can not park vehicles; The internal roads in the park mainly refer to the roads in each small garden, which are also divided into roads for cars or only for walking. The main roads of golden gate park connect the city roads and the main attractions of the park. Secondary roads run through each area divided by the main roads, making the traffic more convenient and accessible. The road connects the spatial sequence of the park with different scales and functions. Each space has different spatial feelings due to its degree of space enclosure, interface material, elevation change, light and shadow, texture, etc. Through clever arrangement, negative space can be transformed into positive space.

The effect of landscape is closely related to the overall feeling of space and people's vision. There are mainly two kinds of sight guidance in the park: transparent visual space organization and continuous spatial organization. The spatial organization of permeability mainly exists in open areas, such as grass, water, etc., the strawberry stowe lake mountain is covered by dense plants, from a distance, formed a beautiful canopy line on a boat on the lake, open fully, build the view the lake in the island, and through the clearance of plants create a sparkling in the sun feeling; The continuous spatial organization is mainly formed by the road in the park. The road and the tall trees planted on both sides of the road guide people's line of sight and ensure the continuity of line of sight. In addition, golden gate park has a few details to guide the eye, such as a floor-to-ceiling window on the second floor of the deyoung gallery and a row of windowed seats. Therefore, a lot of sculptures are set on the lawn on the first floor of the outdoor area facing the window to ensure that people can enjoy the scenery while taking a rest.

The inclusiveness of urban parks promotes the diversity and innovative development of the landscape. With the expansion of the city and the shortage of land resources, urban parks provide citizens with a good place to return to nature and relax. Only by ensuring the diversity of the landscape can the attraction be maintained and the sustainable development of the park be realized. The inclusive landscape design concept is conducive to the innovation of local culture, the localization of western culture and the absorption of diversified landscape elements and design techniques.

The adoption of the park within the park model to divide the area, can facilitate people's activities, is conducive to the management of the park and environmental protection. Our country there are many more historic city parks function layout is unreasonable, the internal environment is mixed and disorderly, the problem such as the activity type single, and the new park because the area is larger, and visit the scenic spots scattered not convenient people in our country is now in a stage of aging society, these attractions with the old people's needs, the lack of a wide range of suitability, this is our country urban park design should take into account the problem.

Sustainable landscape is not only a process of economy, resources, society and ecology, but also a process of educating people. Inside golden gate park, there are many places with a long history or a strong educational significance. When people visit, they are influenced by culture invisibly. Our country has a long history, a vast territory, and various places have different characteristics and cultures. In the process of building urban parks, we should protect and use them to highlight our own personality.

With the development of economy and the improvement of people's living standard, the number of private cars is increasing, also can choose a more convenient travel drive, so for parking Spaces, the setting of the park is the focus of planning and design, a lot of our country's existing park even at the beginning of the construction with no foresight, resulting in the insufficient parking space now, the widespread chaos to stop the place of phenomenon is very serious, and the golden gate park, because the width of the road enough, people not only can choose to park on the side of the road, you can also choose to park in the underground parking garage or parking lot, and each will set the disabled parking lot parking, There are also parking Spaces of varying lengths of time.

Before the windmills were built, the park was irrigated mainly by expensive springs, and the researchers decided that the water from the pumps was no longer enough to supply the park. Therefore, the main purpose of the windmill is to recycle the drainage system leading to the Pacific Ocean and direct the water back to the park. Many cities in China are distributed along rivers, and the construction of urban parks has unique advantages, which can be used for reference in the treatment of water in golden gate park.

Four of the 32 natural areas designated by the San Francisco recreation and park service's nature reserve program are in golden gate park. Because golden gate park used to be a sand dune, in order to change this situation, many alien species were introduced, and after more than 100 years of practice, these alien species were found to destroy the ecosystem to some extent. As a result, the park is now removing and replacing invasive plants and restoring the environment to animals and plants. China's park construction should also take this as a warning, to respect the local natural environment, try to use native plants, do not rush to success, to understand that the design can withstand the test of practice is really good design.

There is a dog park in golden gate park, which provides a special space for people to communicate with each other -- dogs, people, people, dogs and dogs. At present, the number of pet dogs in China is growing rapidly, and the construction of dog parks is beneficial to the physical and mental health of pets, reducing the probability of dogs attacking people and noise problems. In addition to the use of suburban and urban fragmented space and spatial function replacement, the establishment of dog parks in urban parks can not only attract people, but also promote the close relationship between people and dogs, strengthen people's communication, and promote the research on human and dog behavior characteristics.

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