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Interdisciplinary development

2019-09-11 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Interdisciplinary development,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了跨学科的发展。跨学科,就是超越原有学科边界的学科,并形成一个综合性体系,早在百年前就已经被提出。跨学科也是一种多学科、交叉学科、超学科的表现形式,并且不同学科之间存在着相互关系。在对跨学科发展演变的基础上,还需要结合高等教育、社会服务、思维方式等方面进行思考,从而完善人才培养体系,为社会发展提供更多服务,实现多学科的整合。

Interdisciplinary development,跨学科,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Interdisciplinary is a discipline that transcends the boundary of the original discipline and forms a comprehensive system. Transdisciplinarity was proposed a hundred years ago. Compared with international developed countries, interdisciplinary research in China started in the 1980s, and has produced a series of changes in its subsequent development. With the continuous development of social economy, science and technology, China has complied with national policies and issued many relevant documents concerning "talents" and "innovation", among which interdisciplinary plays a very key role. Chinese scholars and experts in the interdisciplinary field have carried out a lot of exploration and made rich research results, but there are still some deficiencies in practice. This requires an in-depth analysis of interdisciplinary development and evolution, which is of great significance for promoting interdisciplinary development.

At the earliest stage of the origin of human civilization, the knowledge system of human society was philosophy and showed highly comprehensive characteristics due to the limited productivity and human cognition at that time. However, since science at that time did not achieve differentiation, this kind of comprehensiveness was more of an unclear understanding of the real world. In the second half of the 15th century, with the improvement of social productivity and the emergence of social division of labor, people began to study the world from a diversified perspective. Copernicus' theory on the operation of celestial bodies marked the emergence of modern natural science, and also made chemistry, physics, biology, geology and other sciences appear. Science also appears in this division, more independent disciplines, but content analysis methods, logic system is very consistent, making scientific research more fine, micro, professional. When people explore the world through independent knowledge, they are not completely restricted by disciplinary boundaries.

In scientific research, many scientists continue to make various scientific attempts due to their interest in scientific research or life needs, and produce a lot of research results. Among them, the most representative is the establishment of analytic geometry in the 17th century and physical chemistry in the 1870s. The former is the combination and intersection of geometry and algebra. The latter is a combination of studying chemistry and metallurgy, solving chemical problems by physical means.

Of course, ultimately to carry out the scientific knowledge development in the field of education, is also the foundation of university, secondary professional system set up, the unity and integrity of higher education the pursuit of knowledge, knowledge of specialized broke the traditional knowledge view of higher education, more and more education workers a detailed divided into subject gradually, and to integrate. The introduction of the concept of "general education" emphasizes the importance of comprehensive subjects, which enables people to further strengthen their professional ability and have a comprehensive and comprehensive understanding of other related subjects by informing education methods.

The whole development process mentioned above was inspired and developed by factors such as interests, hobbies and needs, so it arose unconsciously, that is, the thought stage of interdisciplinary.

In the middle of the 20th century, scientific research has been gradually carried out, constantly breaking the discipline boundaries, on the one hand, because the discipline continues to develop; On the other hand, it is directly related to problems and solving problems. In the early 20th century, due to the completion of the industrial revolution and the constant emergence of various new technologies, people's cognition of nature and society has been more comprehensively developed. The development of science promotes the integration of different fields and allows multi-disciplinary cooperation to solve problems. Especially in the second world war, the us federal government encouraged universities to conduct independent research, such as MIT research radar, the university of Chicago research nuclear fission control, the university of California research covert operations, etc., the national mandate made universities have to conduct interdisciplinary research.

After World War II, the United States also recognized the importance of interdisciplinary research, and increased its efforts in interdisciplinary research. With the strong support of the government, the cooperation between business, military and science was realized, and a large number of interdisciplinary industrial laboratories and interdisciplinary research institutions were established. Many universities have also built interdisciplinary research institutions on this basis. For example, the Massachusetts institute of technology has built an electronic laboratory based on the original radar research, which makes MIT a world-famous university. Then interdisciplinary education was further promoted, which promoted the development of American science.

Generally speaking, in the first half of the 20th century, due to people's real needs and awareness, interdisciplinary development was further developed, which also led to the stage of practical needs, in which interdisciplinary research became a specialized subject. First, interdisciplinary scientific research, advocating cooperation and research among multiple disciplines, and promoting the transformation of scientific achievements into productive forces; Secondly, it constructs and improves the interdisciplinary theoretical system, centering on the concept, level, classification, mechanism and status of interdisciplinary. Finally, the development of interdisciplinary education is aimed at the increasingly complex social system, and the social demand for people is gradually inclined to the compound and comprehensive direction.

The formation of multi-disciplines was in the theoretical and ideological stage mentioned above, which was gradually generated by people's hobbies or personal needs. However, at that time, there were no too many connections between multi-disciplines, which were all independent scientific systems. However, in the face of multiple problems, multi-disciplines have great limitations and cannot solve problems from multiple aspects. This also leads to the increasing demand for interdisciplinary solutions. As a result, interdisciplinary approaches gradually come into people's vision. Compared with the former, the latter emphasizes the activities of each discipline more. Interdisciplinary is the further integration of multiple disciplines, which overcomes the limitation of solving problems of individual disciplines and emphasizes the integration of disciplines. So they have different levels of connotation.

Because transdisciplinarity realizes the integration of different disciplines and can solve a lot of complex problems, the knowledge content of different disciplines can be used to obtain the best solution of problems through mutual learning, mutual supplement and mutual constraint. In addition, the emergence of interdisciplinary has also achieved the output of new theories and definitions, and created a certain commonness among multiple disciplines, which has also formed an interdisciplinary discipline.

Among the cross-disciplines, the cross-disciplines generated by the mechanism of transverse fault analysis are also called cross-disciplines. That is to say, at one level, one discipline axiom is added to another discipline, and fixed polarization occurs around this property axiom. From the macro level analysis, cross-sectional discipline is a new perspective to view the relationship between disciplines, and to extract and integrate the intersections of different disciplines from a new level to form a new discipline. That is to say, cross-discipline is a comprehensive discipline and also a special category for a certain field. Such as "two-dimensional code" interdisciplinary, the interdisciplinary disciplines include physics, mathematics, genhow discipline, but the two-dimensional code interdisciplinary can only be applied to two-dimensional code and related fields, if the application of unrelated fields must be recombined interdisciplinary.

Superdiscipline is a leap of transdisciplinarity. Because transdisciplinarity has reached its peak in the development of several hundred years, it also promotes the emergence of superdiscipline. Generally speaking, the characteristics of supra-discipline are as follows:

If a discipline aims to solve an academic problem in a certain field, and multiple disciplines can explore an academic problem from multiple sides, this is also the function of interdisciplinary. Supra-discipline is among the major public issues, including ethical issues, sustainable development, etc., which need to break through discipline limitations, combine intellectual and non-intellectual factors, scientific and non-scientific views, and solve problems.

In the past, solving problems still needs to be traced back to the root of the problem. The super-discipline is to obtain opinions from all parties and participate in social organizations such as the government, enterprises and universities, so as to avoid one-sided views, and adopt the best solution based on comprehensive consideration of the ideas and interests of all parties. In this way, conflicts of public interest can be resolved, cooperation can be strengthened, and the overall best interests can be realized.

The supranormal includes both disciplinary knowledge and non-disciplinary knowledge, that is, the combination of science and experience. There is a difference between solving problems by interdisciplinary knowledge and solving problems by knowledge. The process of knowledge flow needs constant evolution and development to form an integrated perspective. In the process of knowledge integration and application, supra-discipline surpasses interdisciplinary, so it is a higher level of interdisciplinary development.

As the base of knowledge research and dissemination, universities and colleges have advantages in platform construction, scientific research level, academic team, campus culture and other aspects, which makes them become important carriers of interdisciplinary evaluation and construction. The core of university transformation and development is to construct interdisciplinary platform correctly. This is because the discipline construction of colleges and universities is directly related to the development orientation and space of colleges and universities. Therefore, the reform and innovation of traditional disciplines should be carried out in the discipline construction, and new cross-disciplines should be tried to improve the strength of colleges and universities by innovating disciplines. On the other hand, colleges and universities shoulder the functions of teaching, scientific research, social service, etc., so the reform of colleges and universities must combine the needs of social development, constantly strengthen the quality of talent cultivation, and obtain research results more in line with the development of The Times. Universities comprehensively promote the development of interdisciplinary organizations and innovate interdisciplinary organizations to enhance the productivity of scientific research, so as to provide talents needed by the society, provide more transformation of scientific research achievements for social development and constantly innovate social services.

In addition, in the construction and reform of cross-learning platform, colleges and universities also need to carry out interdisciplinary majors in accordance with the current situation of the development department of The Times, so that students will not become talents after graduation or studying abroad, but achieve "talents in school". For example, "two-dimensional code technology", as an emerging identification technology, is widely used in today's society. Qr code technology involved in mathematics, geometry, physics, biology and other disciplines, but few interdisciplinary subject education in colleges and universities to carry out the qr code, the qr code related talent shortage very much, too much compared with foreign countries there is a certain gap, this is interdisciplinary and the performance of the fusion of colleges and universities is not enough to deepen, talent need studies ", "there are inter-disciplinary talent is above the" in "also success in other fields, it is also the current social development's pursuit of talent type, so he still has to strengthen the interdisciplinary research in university, through interdisciplinary promote reform in colleges and universities.

Through the emergence of interdisciplinary and the whole process of development, we can know that social development promotes the development and evolution of interdisciplinary. On the one hand, social development has improved the level of science and technology, and increased the amount of relevant scientific knowledge. Researchers' awareness has been constantly improved, and more knowledge has been integrated into the said research field, constantly promoting the development of the discipline towards comprehensive direction. On the other hand, in the long-term development of society, it is inevitable to encounter some obstacles and bottlenecks. Many complex problems promote the escalation of contradictions, which deepens the demand for discipline integration. At the initial stage of interdisciplinary development, social contradictions become more and more complicated, so practical problems should be solved through interdisciplinary means. After that, we realized the complexity of human beings in the scene, and promoted the interdisciplinary development of subjects within the discipline, between natural science and social science, and realized the interdisciplinary development. For example, our country is advocating green environmental protection, which requires the integration of social science, natural science and management.

With the gradual escalation of social problems, the conflicts between individuals become more frequent and complex. How to make full use of disciplinary knowledge and empirical knowledge has become the focus of social attention, aiming to maximize the benefits between people, which also promotes the emergence and development of supra-discipline. At present, with the rapid development of economy, science and technology, the conflicts and problems brought about by the rapid development of economy, science and technology continue to increase and upgrade, including green engineering, ethics and morality, etc., so that the conflicts between ecological benefits and social benefits continue to escalate. It can be seen that nowadays interdisciplinary development is facing more severe tests. Besides serving the society, interdisciplinary development also needs to serve nature, which is also the premise of China's "sustainable development". It requires more disciplinary integration, upgrading and collaborative innovation, and proposes strategies more conducive to long-term social development based on existing problems.

To xiamen scenic old yard interdisciplinary co-produced qr code guide of the scenic spot of social service, for example: xiamen software vocational and technical college in tourism management and digital media professional disciplines and enterprise old yard area cooperation, three parties to explore tourism management and digital media professional course cross interdisciplinary mode of teaching practice, encourage teachers to interdisciplinary professional courses, outstanding professional social services to improve the quality of education in practice mutual complement each other, to achieve win-win-win.

Project mainly by two professional disciplines students in course teaching and practice teaching outside campus designed interdisciplinary social services, for nine months, scenic spot investigation, to determine the five minnan culture scenic area, the scenic area by a professional tourism management students according to the reality and the scenic area data commentaries writing independently, the scenic spot, department of digital media professional students is responsible for filming, editing, video production, generated qr code, and so on, finally by the responsible teacher guidance, final results of the project: qr code guides; Not only strengthen students' team consciousness and social service experience, but also create a group of compound talents with compound knowledge, ability and quality.

Qr code guide social service, tourists to the scenic spot can make good qr code scanning in the scenic spot, by using a mobile phone to receive video on information of scenic spots, can enjoy the scenic area comprehensive interpretation, lack of narrator, explain quality, tourist swim "blind", to improve the understanding of the scenic spot service content, reduce noise pollution to advocate green, save the tour cost, improve the experience of tourists to the scenic spot.

Due to the role of interdisciplinary in interaction, interpretation and transplantation, linkage service and lateral analysis, multiple disciplines have been integrated. This integration mechanism highlights the interdisciplinary thinking method and provides practical guidance through the thinking center. Interdisciplinary thinking can effectively deduce the method and demonstration of problem solving, and integrate, draw lessons from and analyze the knowledge of different disciplines to solve practical problems. Therefore, having good thinking ability and thinking method is of great significance for promoting interdisciplinary development. For example, in the generation of the two-dimensional code concept, the paper money is for convenient transaction. However, some scholars think that the method of paper money payment is not simple enough, so they gradually think about how to realize more convenient transaction, and gradually derive the concept of two-dimensional code, which finally makes the research become a productivity.

Among modern thinking, innovative thinking plays a very important role. Even if they master interdisciplinary technology, they are lack of thinking and ideas and cannot generate an innovative consciousness, which limits the energy efficiency of interdisciplinary. In fact, interdisciplinary and consciousness are practical innovation based on multi-discipline technology, while intellectual innovation is the root of practical innovation, and interdisciplinary thinking is a kind of advanced combined thinking. Of course, if we master interdisciplinary thinking, we can create a variety of advanced things, but this is often the most difficult thing to achieve, so how to innovate under the guidance of interdisciplinary thinking and how to apply this thinking ability, we still need to make progress in in-depth thinking.

To sum up, interdisciplinary is an inevitable derivative of social and scientific development, which is of great significance for promoting the development of human society, guaranteeing people's quality of life and creating advanced things. Therefore, interdisciplinary research needs to be further strengthened to give full play to its benefits and values and better serve the people, society and nature.

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