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Library management in Germany

2019-11-29 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Library management in Germany,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了德国的图书馆管理。德国的图书馆系统独具特色,第二次世界大战结束后,非中央集权的联邦制国家西德形成。在德意志民主共和国,无论柏林国家图书馆,还是莱比锡德意志图书馆,都保持了其中心作用。民主德国时期,大部分科学文献由科学院研究所图书馆和中央专业图书馆提供。德国大学图书馆最大的特点是“一切为了读者能方便、迅速地获取所需的信息”,师生借书量不限,可事先预约借书。宽大、布置合理的馆舍,以用为主的文献信息服务理念,以人为本、读者至上的咨询服务,受人器重的馆员职业和合理的人力资源管理,这些都推动了德国大学图书馆的事业发展。

Library management,德国图书馆管理,assignment代写,论文代写,北美作业代写

The library carries the historical and cultural accumulation of each country and region. After the establishment of the international association of libraries and the association of institutions in 1927, the cross-national, cross-regional and cross-cultural comparative study of libraries gradually developed, and a branch of library science -- comparative library science was formed after the 1950s. It from the perspective of social politics, economy, culture and history, in different countries, different regions, different types of libraries and library undertaking a comparative study, understand the different social environment in the library practice, find out the similarities and differences among them, the reasons for these similarities and differences, find out the solution to the problem, so as to expand and deepen the cognition to the library and the library cause.

Germany has a unique library system. After the end of World War II, the non-centralized federal state west Germany was formed. This new state system distributed the power of the state as far as possible to all levels of government, with each federal state as autonomous as possible, and this "principle of self-government" was applied to the smallest unit communities. In the GDR, both the national library in Berlin and the German library in leipzig remain central. During the GDR, most scientific literature was provided by the institute of sciences library and the central professional library. Library law promulgated in 1968 German democratic, common to strengthen the construction of library network, intelligence and library automation, the original democratic Germany with regional library network and professional network foundation form a unified national library system, democratic Germany interdisciplinary professional libraries usually have a literature information center, actively carry out international cooperation. Between 1990 and 2002, many library buildings were overhauled or expanded. The science library gets all kinds of funds to supplement the collection, while the public library basically relies on the small amount of funds paid by the town to complete the collection replenishment. At the beginning of the 20th century, interlibrary loan based on the principle of mutual aid emerged. Interregional interlibrary loan has covered the whole federal republic of Germany.

Unlike the Chinese university library, which mainly serves the teaching and research of the university, the German university library not only completes this task, but also is open to the public in its area. Therefore, many university libraries in Germany undertake the task of city library or state library at the same time. In practice, the mode of existence of the university library has been constantly reformed and developed towards the way of cooperation, sharing and opening up, thus enhancing the core role of the central library.

The most important feature of German university library is that "all for the convenience of readers to get the required information quickly". There is no limit on the amount of books borrowed by teachers and students. The development of university libraries in Germany has been promoted by the generous and reasonably arranged buildings, the service concept of documents and information based on usage, the consultation service of people-oriented and reader-oriented, the valued librarian occupation and reasonable human resource management. German university library has a good professional reputation, many jobs are a master or doctor degree of professionals engaged in service work, and attaches great importance to the education and training work of librarians, Germany has a lot of university with the school of library and information science, otherwise independent college library science university, college, and university library has been heavily promoted by the practitioners of professional level.

Library law is the foundation for the healthy and stable development of the national library and an important part of the library modernization construction. The prosperity of a national library can not be realized overnight, nor can it be achieved by a basic library law, but after exploring systematic laws and regulations, constantly improving themselves, and finding the development mode suitable for the country and long-term adherence to the results.

At present, China does not have a detailed library funding standards, the existing provisions only require the government to appropriate funding, to ensure the normal operation of the library. Although the amount of investment in the library in our country is increasing every year, there is no specific allocation standard after all, which will lead to the situation of how much is allocated according to people's preferences, so we should actively think about expanding the sources of library funds. We can see from the above that the capital structure of libraries in Germany is relatively diversified, with more donations from society and individuals in addition to government grants. As much as possible, therefore, in addition to more funding for state and local government, we can also learn the way to raise money through various channels, countries can introduce some preferential policies to encourage enterprises and individuals to funding of the library, the library can also fight for the cooperation with enterprises and sponsorship, for enterprise employees provide continuing education or training other cultural services, to attract business investment.

The essence of library development is to put people first. Libraries exist to serve readers and develop according to the changing needs of readers. With the progress of the society, readers' requirements for libraries are not only reading, but also becoming a place for readers to obtain information and relax. Due to the change of the status of library in readers' heart, there are higher requirements for the service concept of library. "people-oriented" has become the core of readers' service. It is the demand of readers to promote the people-oriented service concept, and it is the inevitable trend of the library's long-term and healthy development. "People-oriented" is the purpose of the library, but also the way to prosper the country's cultural undertakings and improve the quality of the whole people. Only by making readers feel the atmosphere of culture and experiencing the warmth like home, can readers truly fall in love with the library and experience the core value and cultural background of the library.

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