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Employment and economic development

2019-11-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Employment and economic development,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了劳动就业与经济发展。劳动就业是一个普遍存在并受到世界各国关注的社会问题,关系到社会的稳定和社会经济的发展,是最大的民生,也是经济发展最基本的支撑。实现充分就业,必须依据客观经济规律,制定正确的就业方针,进行科学的决策。首要工作是科学地分析影响就业的主要因素。影响劳动就业的因素,首先是社会经济方面的,这是能否实现充分就业的决定性因素。

Labor employment is a universal social problem that has attracted the attention of all countries in the world. It is related to social stability and social and economic development. It is the biggest livelihood of the people and the most basic support for economic development.

Employment is the foundation of the people's livelihood. We will analyze the factors and their interrelations that affect employment, implement more active employment policies and measures, strive to stabilize and promote employment, promote the positive interaction between economic development and employment expansion, further guarantee and improve the people's livelihood, and promote the stable development of the society and economy.

In recent years, with the continuous development of the economy, the adjustment and optimization of the economic structure, the continuous release of dividends from the reform and the continuous development of the policies to stabilize and promote employment, China's employment situation is generally stable and improving. Zhang jinan, minister of human resources and social security, pointed out that in 2018, the employment work made positive progress, the employment target was successfully achieved, and the employment situation remained generally stable. First, the number of new jobs was relatively good. In 2018, 13.61 million new urban jobs were created, more than 13 million for the sixth consecutive year. Second, unemployment remains low. Third, the overall job supply is greater than the number of job-seekers. The employment situation strongly supported the fundamentals of economic development. In 2019, China's total employment pressure will remain unabated. The number of newly developed labor force that needs to find jobs in urban areas will remain above 15 million, and the number of college graduates will reach 8.34 million.

China is a developing country with the largest population and labor force. It has a rich labor force of nearly one billion people. In recent years, the employment situation of about 8 million college graduates every year is very serious. Due to the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure and the impact of various uncertainties at home and abroad, the structural employment problem still exists, the structural unemployment problem is prominent, and some groups and regions are under great pressure to find new jobs. At present and in a period of time to come, China's labor surplus and structural shortage coexist.

In response to the new situation, situation and changes at the 2018 central economic work conference, we put forward the policy of "giving priority to employment", gave high priority to ensuring stable employment, made employment a priority goal of economic development, and took appropriate measures to promote employment and make every effort to ensure the stability of employment.

To achieve full employment, we must formulate correct employment policies and make scientific decisions according to objective economic laws. The first job is to scientifically analyze the main factors affecting employment.

The factor that affects labor employment, it is socioeconomic respect above all, this is the decisive factor that whether realizes full employment. Under the condition of natural resources, the social and economic factors that affect employment mainly include social and economic form and structure, population quantity and quality, industrial structure, etc. Economic form and management mode are the precondition of solving social employment. We must carry out various forms of economy in accordance with the objective conditions for the development of productive forces. The direct factor that affects labor employment is population, which is mainly reflected in that the change of population quantity affects the quantity of labor supply and the population quality affects the rationality of employment structure. We must strengthen the study of population management strategies, control population growth in a planned way and improve the quality of the population, optimize the structure of the population and the working-age population, improve the quality of the population and the working-age population, and strive to achieve balanced population development and an appropriate level of fertility. In socialized large-scale production, the natural form of labor and means of production and employment capacity depend on the total number of employment posts provided by various industries in the society. If the industrial structure can be correctly determined, the capacity and structure of employment can be directly affected, and the factors affecting employment can be investigated, it is necessary to use the systematic engineering method to comprehensively analyze the industrial structure and development changes. We should adjust the industrial structure, develop a scientific industrial structure, and adjust and optimize the economic structure. The economic structure has been optimized, and its ability to stimulate employment has been significantly enhanced.

Science and technology are the primary productive forces. Progress in science and technology has a complex, multi-faceted and far-reaching impact on employment. From the perspective of long-term dynamics, scientific and technological progress increases the employment capacity of the whole society and has a positive impact on the total employment. Scientific and technological progress makes labor productivity rise, productivity develops, make social industry structure changes thereby, for the whole society, provided more job opportunities, thereby increased employment capacity. Progress of science and technology is producing major effect to obtain employment structure. With the development of science and technology and artificial intelligence and the continuous improvement of mechanization and automation, the proportion of manual workers in the total employed population will decrease, while that of mental workers will increase, and the employment structure will definitely change in line with the progress of science and technology. The fundamental way to achieve full employment is to develop science and technology, promote science and technology innovation, raise labor productivity and develop social productive forces.

The influence of economic management system on employment is mainly reflected in policy, employment system, wage system and wage policy. In order to promote the solution of the employment problem, it is necessary to meet the requirements of the development of productive forces and China's national conditions, attach great importance to the employment problem, implement the strategy of giving priority to employment, improve macro-control with employment as the bottom line, and establish and improve more active, adequate and scientific employment policies. Employment system is the country in the recruitment, the use of labor force carried out by the rules and regulations. What our country executes is with permanent worker, contract worker is given priority to, complementary with temporary worker, also worker also agriculture, seasonal worker, associate worker wait for a variety of forms employment system. In order to promote the rational flow of labor and facilitate the socialization of labor management, it is necessary to accelerate the reform of employment system and intensify the reform. To achieve full employment, we need a proper wage system and wage policy. Wage system is the general name of the principle and method of wage payment, including wage form, wage payment, upgrade system, conversion to a regular grading system and various grades of wage system. The salary system of our country, adopt hour salary, piece rate salary, salary adds the form such as award. Wage policy is formulated by the party and the state in accordance with objective economic laws and wage system. With the deepening of the reform and the development of the socialist market economic system, we must apply Marx's wage theory, follow the principle of distribution according to work, timely adjust and reform the wage system and policies, and provide guarantee for the realization of full employment.

Look from the essence of economics, obtain employment is a kind of form that laborer and production data photograph combine, it is the economic problem that concerns national economy to develop and society is stable and social problem. To create sufficient employment opportunities, create a fair employment environment, improve a scientific employment structure, match employment capacity with employment positions, establish harmonious labor relations and improve the quality of employment is of great significance to safeguard China's reform and development, promote economic development and social stability. Economic development and economic growth have connection and distinction already. Economic development mainly refers to the continuous improvement of people's living standards in countries or regions, accompanied by the increase of material capital and human capital as well as the progress of technology. Economic growth is the foundation of economic development. Without certain economic growth, there can be no economic development. Economic development includes not only economic growth, but also changes in economic and social structures. The factors that determine economic growth include scientific and technological progress, natural resources, social system, economic system and economic policies, and population growth. There is a certain correlation between population growth and economic growth. On the one hand, population growth is based on economic growth. The growth of the economy is needed for the new population to reach the consumption level of the original population and for the new working-age population to find jobs. On the other hand, a certain amount of population growth can also promote economic growth. Economic development is the main way to solve the population problem. The relationship between employment and economic growth is an important aspect related to population and development. Economic growth needs to make full use of and effectively allocate the existing labor resources, but also through employment to improve the level of labor consumption. Economic growth can provide more jobs and absorb labor force. The core of economic development is the continuous improvement of people's living standards. Efforts to expand employment, reduce unemployment and make better use of labor resources are essential to people's livelihood.

We should make full use of the current conditions for stable and improved employment, deal with external factors of instability, promote economic restructuring and increase domestic demand. We should correctly grasp the rich connotation of high-quality employment, further improve the quality of employment in various aspects, such as job stability, job treatment, working environment, promotion space and development opportunities, so as to promote the sustained growth and stable development of the economy and employment. Fully understand and master the correlation between employment index and economic index. Employment remained stable and improved, workers' and residents' incomes increased, and the quality of employment improved, boosting consumption and economic growth. We need to take a long-term view and take effective measures to create high-quality jobs.

We will take more active and effective measures to promote employment and increase the vitality of enterprises by reducing their burdens. We will give priority to targeted policies to help college graduates, migrant workers, ex-servicemen and other key groups find jobs and start businesses, and help key groups find jobs. We will continue to carry out employment training and strengthen it to improve workers' vocational skills and quality. Build up a workforce with high quality and high skills to drive economic development. We will provide active employment services, improve and develop the employment service system, encourage people to start businesses, guide them to establish a correct concept of employment and a sense of self-employment, improve their ability to find jobs and start businesses, and adapt to the needs of the labor market. We will strengthen social security, do a good job in social security, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of workers in accordance with the law, and build harmonious labor relations. We should pay attention to the security needs of different groups, develop a multi-level old-age security system, actively promote the reform of the old-age insurance system, take multiple measures to promote the sustainable development of the old-age insurance system, and promote the virtuous circle of economic development and employment expansion.

The real economy is the foundation of the national economy. If a country wants to maintain its economic competitiveness in the long run, it must pay full attention to the sustained and healthy development of the real economy. We should strike a balance between the development of the real economy and the virtual economy, accelerate the development of an industrial system in which the real economy and human resources develop in tandem, pursue reform and innovation to drive development, deepen reform and opening up, and revitalize the real economy.

To sum up, sustained economic development is an important basis and prerequisite for stabilizing and expanding employment. We will analyze and study various factors affecting employment, constantly improve and develop the economic structure, reform measures, employment policies and the public employment service system, so as to support employment development and keep the overall employment situation stable. We will give high priority to promoting employment in economic and social development, improve the mechanisms for selecting jobs independently, regulating employment through the market, and for the government to promote employment and encourage entrepreneurship, so as to achieve higher quality and full employment and promote sustained and steady social and economic development.

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