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The difference between Chinese and western painting

2019-11-08 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The difference between Chinese and western painting,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中西绘画的差异。中西方绘画在各自文化和思想的影响下,有着截然不同的绘画特点。中国绘画注重在体验生活的基础上表达自己对事物的感受和感悟,以写意为主,尤其是文人画中画家笔下的写意山水和花鸟追求意境和传神。西方人在表达方式上和中国人不同,他们注重写实而且会直接地把自己真实情感和意图显现出来,会利用素描和色彩等各种表现手段来描绘自己的所见所闻,西方的画家们将自己亲眼所见的世界真实地表现在画面上,是一种求真的作画态度。

Chinese and western painting,中西绘画差异,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

There are various art forms in the world, among which Chinese painting and western painting are two art forms with distinct characteristics. Due to differences in culture, mode of thinking, thoughts and beliefs, and living habits, there are great differences in world outlook, outlook on life and values between China and the west. Therefore, there are two completely different painting styles in painting. Chinese painting USES ink to express humanistic feelings, emphasizes the harmonious relationship between man and nature, USES scatter perspective and pays special attention to freehand brushwork. Focus perspective painting is used in the west, especially focusing on realism. Under the guidance of rational thinking, there is a strict and programmed painting method. Although there are great differences between Chinese and western paintings, both of them are the achievements of human civilization.

Due to the differences in culture, mode of thinking, thoughts and beliefs, living habits, etc., there are great differences in world outlook, life outlook and values between China and the west. Is located in the Asian continent, China has experienced 2000 years of feudal society, mainly small-scale peasant economy in feudal society's way of life is the mainstream, coupled with the traffic developed so little in maritime activities in ancient China, so that the ancient Chinese culture and thinking on the structure more inclined to the pursuit of stability, oneness and unity. Therefore, the ancient Chinese people attached great importance to the harmonious relationship between themselves and others and with nature. The ancient Chinese people advocated "harmony is the most precious" instead of pursuing a sense of conquest. Unlike the west, they are located on the European continent and face the sea. Due to the large number of rivers and lakes, they have developed navigation, which makes them have frequent economic and cultural exchanges and more diversified. Westerners take "human" as the center to carry out practical activities in culture and thinking structure. In particular, those who take "individual" as the center and persistently pursue rationality tend to be bold and extroverted in action. They believe that human beings can conquer nature, so they attach importance to outward expansion and exploration.

Under the influence of their respective cultures and thoughts, Chinese and western paintings have distinct painting characteristics. Chinese paintings focus on expressing their feelings and feelings about things on the basis of experiencing life, and mainly focus on freehand brushwork, especially the freehand landscape, flowers and birds created by literati painters in pursuit of artistic conception and expressiveness. In addition, the ancient Chinese were rather reserved in expressing their thoughts and emotions, and they would not express them directly. Therefore, Chinese paintings often use such methods as "expressing emotions by borrowing things" and "expressing aspirations by using things". For example, li tang's "collecting wei tu" is based on the historical facts of the change of shang and zhou dynasties. It depicts the story of shu qi, bo yi and other nobles of Yin and shang dynasty who refused to surrender after the collapse of shang and fled to the mountains to collect wei and eat bark to survive and finally died of starvation. They would rather die of starvation than eat zhou millet. The painter used the method of painting to borrow ancient words and modern words, and used the method of metaphor to express his loyalty to the emperor, patriotism, integrity and firm position, which also implied that the social personages at that time should maintain their integrity and integrity, and should not defect to the enemy and treason. Chinese painting USES brush, ink and rice paper to draw. It advocates "the combination of poetry, calligraphy and painting". The picture tends to be diversified and comprehensive. Under the guidance of rational thinking, western paintings focus on realism and truth-seeking.

Westerners on the expression and the Chinese is different, they focus on themselves and the realistic true feelings and intentions, will use a variety of performance means such as sketch and color to paint himself had seen and heard, the western artists to saw the true surface picture, now is "positive and realistic painting of" attitude. The raft of medusa written by guillermo giglio is set against the background of a shipwreck at sea in France. The painter directly depicts the tragic scene of the shipwreck with realistic techniques, depicting the despair, suffering, pain and other scenes of the victims, and the picture is full of suffocating tragic atmosphere. Western painting on the tool is to use watercolor, acrylic paint to paint on the canvas, attaches great importance to the role of sketch, more has strict drawing procedure, strive for to achieve the performance effect of the real picture, and is compared to the Chinese "poem calligraphy and seal" the combination of rich images, images of the west is relatively single.

Chinese and western paintings are also very different in expression form and modeling language. On the way of expression law of western painting pays attention to reproduce, they are under the guidance of theory of "imitation" advocates objectively to restore the natural world and to achieve this goal, the research in many painters produced a lot of such as "perspective" "anatomy" painting theory, and under the guidance of rational thinking to explore a set of strict drawing procedure and formed its own unique modelling language. On modelling language using the color relations in western paintings and drawings and descriptive to modelling, have very strong geometric meaning, and the pursuit of images of the stereo feeling, sense of reality and sense of rhythm, using light to create light and shade between virtual space, then use colorific hue, lightness, purity, and changes in temperature change to enforce the authenticity of images, in many western oil painting can obviously feel these features. Western paintings pay special attention to perspective relationship, especially focus perspective in composition. They advocate painting perspective relationship generated from the same Angle, so that the picture has a visual center and obvious primary and secondary relationship and spatial relationship. Like rafael's works "the school of Athens" is the focal point perspective composition, according to the focus perspective to create the visual center of the picture, picture depicts many thinkers and philosophers gathered in a hall, with a strong academic atmosphere of the debate, the painting is Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, Pythagoras for visual center, the picture in focus perspective under the action of a clear hierarchy and strong depth, grand scene is very high.

Chinese painting is different from western painting in that it pays more attention to the law of expression. In terms of modeling language, Chinese painting USES line modeling and ink to draw. Chinese painting using the thickness, the thickness of line model, and then use shades of ink, depth, the change of JiaoRun to organization image, the pursuit of natural and true feelings, advocate depicting intuition experience under the colour of everything in the world, with a painting to express his thoughts and desires more pay attention to "stay white", in order to create unlimited space effect. The composition of Chinese paintings mostly use scatter perspective, the picture is not a focal point but multiple points of view. Chinese painting works can allow the existence of multiple angles, a variety of directions and angles of things can be accommodated in the same picture. Guo xi put forward the "three-yuan method" in his book "linquangaozhi", that is to say, there can be multiple perspective points in a painting, which can be roughly divided into three categories: "gaoyuan", "far-reaching" and "pingyuan". This is the unique language structure and special perspective principle of Chinese painting. Gu Hong "han xizai evening banquet" in the long form represents a listen to music, GuanWu, rest, purging, fujian 5 period of banquet scenes, the whole picture made up by multiple scene, but each character of each scene is dynamic and there are a variety of different angles, image using scatter perspective broke many scene organization in the same picture, the concept of time and space. And later as the qingming festival on the painting "is also used to depict the scatterplot perspective composition of capital capital of song dynasty northern song dynasty city social life, appearance of tomb-sweeping day, he will receive all sorts of scenes and things are unified to the extremely rich change picture, it generally describes the streets in the city, near the scene, on the outskirts of three parts, spring scenery character is numerous, numerous and not random, no fixed" horizontally "visual focus, truly show the north song dynasty prosperous scene.

Any art form can be traced back to the origin of thought. From the works of art, we can clearly feel the different aesthetic ways of China and the west. There are great differences between China and the west in cultural thoughts, thinking habits, world views and values, so there are obvious differences in aesthetic ways. Chinese painting is supported by traditional Chinese philosophy, especially influenced by Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Therefore, Chinese painting pays special attention to the "human-centered relationship", emphasizes the harmonious coexistence between man and nature, and pursues the realm of "harmony between man and nature", "integration of form and spirit" and "integration of scenes". Chinese painters pay much attention to the real feelings and experiences in their paintings, and also want to pursue the realm of transcendent and open-minded thinking, and try their best to explore all things in the world based on people, especially in the literati paintings, to show these characteristics incisively and vividly. For example, the works of shi tao, the four monks in the early qing dynasty, are a good example. He worships nature, travels all over the mountains, rivers and seas all his life, takes root in nature for a long time, feels the charm of nature, and accumulates rich materials on the basis of in-depth observation and research. He USES "texturing method" to describe, the composition of the right density, false and real, let people feel that he knows all kinds of mountains and landforms, feel the surge of nature in his paintings, more can feel his thoughts and feelings in the spiritual world.

Since the middle ages, the west has been influenced by religion and theocracy for a long time. Therefore, western paintings have been trying their best to break through the shackles of religion and theocracy and pay attention to real life and pursue the reality of real life. For example, the painters of barbizon school like to go out to sketch and directly face the real nature, and use paintings to express the beautiful natural environment. Later impressionists were more obsessed with nature and painting from life, for example, monet, renoir and other painters painted the ordinary scenes in real life around them. In addition, westerners also advocate freedom and pursue individualism. Painting has a strong tendency of individuation and idealization. It can be seen from the works of romantic painters that they used realistic methods, passionate and unrestrained painting language, strong imagination and exaggeration to create paintings and express the idealized world they pursued in their hearts. Moreover, under the influence of their culture, westerners tend to be extroverted, good at expression, and dare to imagine. Most of them express themselves in a direct and intuitive way in their paintings, which have strong visual impact. Under the guidance of rational thinking, the works also show that westerners want to control and conquer nature.

The development of Chinese and western painting to today, no matter in the form of style or aesthetic way has undergone great changes. Overall process more quickly in the western painting, the extent of change is bigger, also in the artistic form, aesthetic style, spiritual pursuit on the state of the development of diversified, and attaches great importance to the relationship of their own, the world, and others, on this basis, to the pursuit of personality, in order to "new" is given priority to, and strive to create more possibilities on the painting. However, Chinese painting has also entered a state of rapid development after gradually getting rid of the shackles of various aspects. Currently, Chinese painting is in a period of integration and diversification of various painting types and styles, and is making efforts to integrate with The Times and the world with an open and receptive attitude. , of course, in the process of the combination and choice also appeared many problems, such as painting of tabloidization, bloody violence, commercialization, and many other issues, but in general is in rapid development, the contemporary Chinese painting tend to be more close to people's real life of the people, the present Chinese painters in painting the way performance life and mental outlook.

Painting is an important carrier to meet people's spiritual and cultural pursuit, as well as an important expression of people's thoughts and emotions. Painting can spread ideas and culture, expand people's horizon of knowledge and improve people's aesthetic level. Chinese and western in geographical conditions, there are large difference between ideology and culture, history, etc, so the painting's art, there are two completely different style from the paintings can see clearly in the Chinese and western painting expression method, the composition, the modelling language, aesthetic style, has a very different development extent, each has its own characteristics. Painting creation should be appropriate to the time and place to have vitality, Chinese and western painting was born in their respective civilization soil, shouldering their own historical mission, only to make their own contributions to the needs of their countries and people, can truly reflect their own value. Chinese and western paintings are the crystallization of human wisdom. Although they are quite different, they should learn from and exchange with each other, so as to promote their own development and growth.

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