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Ideological and political education in western universities

2019-03-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Ideological and political education in western universities,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了西方高校的思想政治教育。西方高校的思想政治教学一般是通过通识教育实施的,主要是道德教育和公民教育。通识教育的核心就是人文传递和自由传统,目的是培养学生成为一位负责人的公民。西方国家追求自由,社会理想不仅包括自由价值,也包含社会价值。通识教育通过系统的研究人类的知识领域,帮助学生树立正确的人生观和价值观,传递西方政治思想的精神,培养每位大学生成为合格的公民。

Ideological and political education,西方高校思想政治教育,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Ideological and political education in western universities is usually carried out through general education, mainly moral education and civic education. The core of liberal education is the transmission of humanity and the tradition of freedom, with the aim of training students to be responsible citizens. Western countries to pursue freedom, social ideal includes not only the value of freedom, also includes the social value, in order to strengthen the university student to the cultural tradition and western liberal tradition, western colleges and universities for general education will give great enthusiasm, we analyze a model of Harvard University, since the emergence of "the red book" multiple reform general knowledge of Harvard University, and puts forward the significance of general education is to promote college students' thinking ability, communication ability, discrimination and judgment of these four mental quality, and through the general education field is divided into social areas, humanities, science and mathematics four aspects, Lay the foundation for general education. The social field includes the west of the world and the individual societies of the world. The humanities include aesthetics and elaboration, culture and belief; the natural fields include physical universe science and life system science; In the field of mathematics there are logical and ethical reasoning. College students have to take one of the eight courses, which can be offset by general education credits and professional courses. The courses in the field of humanities mainly cultivate students' ability to appreciate, understand and express literature and art. Through the transmission of culture and belief, college students are encouraged to care about political and cultural issues. The courses in the field of mathematics mainly enable students to use the method of scientific reasoning when dealing with practical problems, understand moral problems by using ethical reasoning, and learn to think and judge in practical problems. The purpose of the field of nature is to strengthen students' understanding of life and nature, enhance students' ability to cope with the development of the world and their understanding of natural truth. The social field is to help students understand the world social, political, economic, legal and other knowledge. Through the systematic study of the field of human knowledge, general education helps students to establish a correct outlook on life and values, pass on the spirit of western political thoughts, and train every college student to become a qualified citizen.

Religious education is of great significance in western ideological and political education. In the period of colonization, western universities paid much attention to religious education and advocated mainstream values to consolidate the stability of the bourgeoisie and society. At present, the content of western religious education generally penetrates into other disciplines, and many arguments in the education and teaching of colleges and universities come from religious culture, especially the ideological and political issues such as moral values and values, which cannot be replaced by religious content. Many western universities teach religion in social studies. Western religious education is not scripted, but more inspired students to perceive, to practice in society to exercise their moral character and will. Moreover, western governments also use various methods to infect people with religion in daily life, sanctify moral rules, allow people to deal with social problems through the will of god, and strengthen the persuasion of education. Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to classroom education and social edification, which are also characteristics of western religious education. Western higher education integrates religion with life. For example, Harding university, a Christian university, believes that the belief in god and religious culture play a very important role in strengthening students' ideological and political education.

In western universities, community service is a traditional way to the United States citizens, with this service will cultivate the students' participating ability, service learning is to community service and the combination of classroom teaching in the teaching form, through a service students form prompting students willing to pay for the local community service attitude, so as to enhance the capacity, the college students to participate in the social sense of responsibility and civil responsibility. The integration of community service, thinking and teaching enriches students' learning experience. Participating in community service can not only improve the political behavior ability of college students but also effectively improve their political attitude. Instead of doing community service two or four times a week, it has become a way of life. Effective community service plays a great role in rallying the strength of western society. Western colleges and universities advocate western community service. When the society encounters various disasters, college students will take the initiative to participate in relief, reconstruction and donation, which arouses the sense of national cohesion. For example, "community service leadership opportunity" in duke university is taken as an example. The whole service activity generally includes the following stages. The first stage is to learn a lot of theoretical and cultural knowledge. The second stage is vacation practice. College students conduct investigation and research in various local communities, and apply the theoretical knowledge they have learned to community service, so that students can have perceptual cognition. The third stage is to reflect on their own service practices and experience to re-comb and reflect, form practical experience and ideas on the report, and on the basis of learning from each other on the "community service leadership opportunity" to complete the paper, so that students establish a firm idea of community service. Community service is a proud spiritual tradition in western ideological and political education.

Psychological counseling is an effective way of ideological and political education in western universities, which can help students develop a sound personality. Psychological counseling is mainly to help students solve all kinds of inner contradictions and promote the all-round development of college students. Psychological counseling into the western colleges and universities, in the 1930 s to the present has made great development, almost all western colleges and universities is the psychological consultation institutions, and institutions have strong stability, colleges and universities will be put into specialized in agency costs, improve the work plan, and western college counseling agency staff is a high degree of cultural knowledge. Moreover, psychological counseling activities in various colleges and universities also have various forms, such as classroom forms, individual counseling, film education, etc. If it is found that the psychological problems encountered by college students are universal, college students will be organized to attend special lectures, and one-to-one services will be provided through the demands of students. Different situations will use different methods. Western psychological counseling institutions are highly professional and play an irreplaceable role in ideological and political education in colleges and universities.

By encouraging students to form distinctive associations, western universities help students learn to manage themselves. Western universities usually have hundreds of associations, which cover a wide range of areas, such as religion, politics, martial arts and academic activities. If students feel that the association cannot meet their needs, they can apply to the school for setting up a new association, and the school will provide financial and management assistance. The west advocates freedom of thought and personality, providing space for students' creativity without breaking the law. Western universities fund university societies, build activity centres and provide professional guidance. Corporate application is also very strict, however, the need for a long period of time after school, the society to obey the school rules and regulations, infringement occurs once the club members, will cancel the group, students are encouraged to carry out community as well as system management, in order to enrich the students' self management experience, cooperative awareness and sense of responsibility. The purpose of ideological and political education in colleges and universities can be realized in association activities.

Western are very pay attention to the construction of campus culture in colleges and universities, the college education is generally believed that to develop has the correct values, abide by the moral behavior, an important role in the society and the country's students, the school of every educator should be equality, freedom, integrity, honesty and fraternity, educators and become more common in the university.

Western universities like to express the pursuit of value through mission statements, and turn them into campus culture to reach a consensus with students' consciousness. In order to effectively transform the mission statement into campus culture, it is necessary to start from the university President to practice the values in the declaration, so as to drive the whole campus to implement the advocated value atmosphere. Western colleges and universities will use a variety of ways in the construction of campus culture, ideological and political education for college students, to help college students become qualified citizens. The ways to construct campus culture generally include determining the values of campus culture, establishing honor system, organizing school ceremonies, spreading campus culture stories, and strengthening school material culture. Campus culture is a reflection of school philosophy, and can also effectively promote the development of ideological and political education.

Ideological and political education is the product of the social system, and the ideological and political education in colleges and universities of western capitalist countries is also the educational idea with liberalism and individualism as the core. Western universities spend a lot of manpower, material resources and financial resources on religious education, social standard education, campus culture construction, psychological counseling institution construction and encouraging the development of community culture to help students establish correct values and outlook on life.

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