2016-11-01 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Report范文
Monash University Australia campus was held a study survey, While 200 students were being required to take part in. Among the entire participants ,75% are female(n=150) , with the average age of 19.5(SD=1.97) years old. By calculating their self-reported weight and height (weight in kg/height inm2)will get BMI. Moreover, the average value of the essential sample was 23.29( SD=2.84)
In order to measure multidimensional body image, and make physical appearance-related comparisons with others by tendency, a paper questionnaire was being asked to reply by using pencil to answer each question, which can be used as an efficient way of collecting demographic details:such as age,gender and so on. What’s more , media use as Internet and Television program would be taken at the same time.
Physical appearance comparisons
Thompson, Heinberg and Tantleff’s (1991) claimed that the 5-item Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS) was being used to make their own appearance-related comparisons with others in the variety of social situations by measuring one’s trend. As a scale between 1 (never) and 5 (always)demonstrates the frequency with the particular physical comparisons with others were pointed out by the student who participated in. For instance, “In social situations, I sometimes compare my figure to the figures of other people”.as one of the participants said.
As Cash (2000) said that body image were made up of the appearance orientation and evaluation scales from the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaires Scales (MBSRQ-AS)so as to get their body image. The overall feelings like attraction of physical and satisfying with the physical self were illustrated by the appearance evaluation subscale. Like the feeling of, “Most people would consider me good looking”. It is shows that physical appearance is vital for the public, as though estimated indicated on the appearance orientation scale, as “It is important that I always look good”. Participants rated each item on a scale, with the minimum from 1 to the maximum of 5, shown on their agreement. Consequently ,the higher scores they get, the greater self appearance evaluation and appearance orientation they are
Media exposure questions
Over the past 6 months, I browsed fashion and beauty websites for fashion blogs at least once aweek, Meanwhile, I spent at least 2 hours on those websites. On the other hand, I never spent time on watching TV which involves sports program inside/
Without prompting the nature of study, participants seated about 1 metre apart and tested in groups about 20 to 100. It is optional to leave but the results will not be given. 15 people did not join for this study while the rest of them all agreed and got a questionnaire. And besides, I never watch advertisement for alcohol products no matter during sports or non-sports TV program.
There are two tables will be given for results, which is the descriptive statistics (mean scores for males and females) and correlations between measures or questions for body image.
Ther-value of the correlation between Appearance Orientation(mean=3.5050; SD=0.51892) and Frequency of surfing Fashion and beauty sites on Internet (mean=2.0209; SD=1.52370) is +0.316 (p=0.000). This is a weak, positive correlation. It can be expressed as: “As Appearance Orientation increases, their frequency of using fashion and beauty Internet websites will have a small increases as well.” It tells us that that the greater value students focus on their appearance, the more often they visit fashion and beauty websites. This illustrates that people learn about social expectations of their appearance from fashion and beauty region of the entire media world.
The hours of viewing fashion and beauty Internet websites was higher than the hours of watching fashion and beauty on TV with total mean scores of 1.6551 (SD=2.79382) and 0.9829 (SD=1.60152). The r-value of the correlation between them is +0.306 (p=0.000), which is a weak, positive correlation. We can express as: “As hours of viewing fashion and beauty on websites increases, the hours of watching fashion and beauty on TV increases as well.” It reveals that people who love fashion and beauty wound spend much time on visiting those related websites and television programs. Furthermore, it is apparent that students would prefect to spent time on the Internet websites than watching TV for receiving information about fashion and beauty. Specifically, females showed a great time on viewing fashion and beauty on Internet and TV with mean scores of 1.9598(SD=3.01221) and 1.2636 (SD=1.75305) respectively, compared to males with mean scores of 0.7481(SD=1.74125) and 0.1957 (SD=0.56252)
The r-value of the correlation between PACS (mean=15.8744; SD=3.82566) and Appearance Orientation (mean=3.5050; SD=0.51892) is +0.453(p=0.000). This is a moderately strong, positive correlation and indicates that the one’s tendency to make physical appearance-related comparisons with other in various social situations, the more importance for them to concentrate on Appearance Orientation. It can be express as: “As PACS increases, Appearance Orientation increases as well.” To be more specific, as PACS, females reveals a greater tendency to make personal appearance-related comparisons with a mean score of 16.3716(SD=3.69828) compared to males 14.4314 (SD=3.85878) implying that females would compare with other on their appearance more often than males in social situations. Moreover, females scores also rated higher on Appearance Orientation with mean score of 3.5687 (SD=3.5687) compared to males 3.3270 (SD=0.55080) indicates that it is important to be beautiful for females. Overall, by contrast with males, the more important females think it is to be beautiful, the more often they compare their physical appearance with other people.
The r-value of the correlation between Frequency of watching fashion and beauty on TV (mean=1.3480; SD=1.32481) and hours watching fashion and beauty on TV (mean=0.9829; SD=1.60152) is +0.704 (p=o.000). This is a strong, positive correlation. As the frequency of watching fashion and beauty on TV increases, the time on viewing those programs on TV increases as well. It tells us that the greater value students often watching fashion and beauty on TV and more time they will spend on watching them. It is said that people would spend more time when they watching fashion and beauty on TV.
The r-value of the correlation between frequency of using fashion/beauty Internet websites (mean=2.0209; SD=1.52370) and Hours using fashion/beauty websites (mean=1.6551; SD=2.79382) is +o.654 (p=0.000). This is a moderately strong and positive correlation. As the frequency of visiting fashion and beauty websites increases, the hours that they visiting those websites increases as well. It tells us that the greater value students viewing fashion and beauty websites frequently with appropriate amount of time. This shows that people often visit fashion and beauty websites but they spend the time on them properly.