2016-10-31 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Report范文
Mount Athos, which is regarded as the Holy Mountain in Eastern Orthodoxy, is a Greek peninsular providing an isolated space for the monks living in one of the twenty monasteries. Mount Athos is famous for its natural scenery and cultural heritages especially the great medieval architectures. Mount Athos has been an attraction for travelers since 18th century. This essay will focus on the traveling issues of Mount Athos, including the purposes for travelers to go there in 19th century, the remarkable factors, the particular impression, the approach to get there and the specific gender bias. At last, a brief comparison between the past and modern Greek travel will be provided.
The purpose for travelers to go to Mount Athos in 19th century
Loads of travelers are attracted by Mount Athos for its artificial and natural beauty. Trace back to the 19th century, many travelers held desire to visit Mount Athos, and the purposes were varied. For instance, travelers were impressed by the epic architectures and arts in Mount Athos. According to Kourelis, early travelers, which referred particular to the 19th century tourists, went to Mount Athos from every corner in Europe, and recorded their affection of the medieval architectures and arts. And Frderick William Hasluck admitted that his prejudice and bias towards Mount Athos had disappeared at the moment he stepped there seeing the marvelous monastic buildings. Another reason for travelers to go there is for religious purpose. Travelers, who shown great devoutness to Eastern Orthodox went to Mount Athos for worship and pilgrimage and learned from the Fathers trying to get in touch with God. Besides, people were curious about the history of Mount Athos. In particular, scholars went to Mount Athos with a task to discover the culture, especially the Roman and Greek history, they were eager to spread the history of Mount Athos to the public. Last but not least, some travelers simply enjoyed the picturesque view. As Patrick Leigh Fermer mentioned, the scenery especially the light in Greek was unforgettable, mountains turned golden and lavender through the light, and the view
Mount Athos is a place of wonders. First, Mount Athos has contributed to sacred architectures to a large extent. The monasteries in Mount Athos provide a new style of constructional structure, for example, instead of being joined directly and shaped in a trefoiled way, the apses in such monasteries are square and rectangle, this change has a tremendous effect on the later churches and monasteries in Europe. Besides, the arts of wood carving, paintings and the use of color principles as well as acoustics in the monasteries are exquisite that have set examples for other architectures. Secondly, the safeguarding tradition is another remarkable aspect. In other words, few religious objects and materials are shown in exhibitions outside Mount Athos, the monks spare no effort to conserve the religious treasures and try to maintain their original forms. So spiritual arts, objects and even gadgets are well protected.
The impression of Mount Athos from travel accounts and travelers
The uniqueness of Mount Athos makes it impressive and leaves deep impression in travelers’ minds. To begin with, Mount Athos give visitors a sense of wisdom and sagacity, since hundreds of monks here have received college education, and they have got bachelor, master or doctor degrees. Besides, the monks get other talents, too. For example, Father Anastasios has learned to paint, whose works have been exhibited in several museums in Europe, while Father Epiphanios has restored the ancient vineyards on his own and exported high-quality wine to four countries, and he also published a cookbook on monk’s food in three languages. Moreover, travelers are impressed by the solemn and organized atmosphere. As Limberakis mentioned, travelers felt exceedingly inspirational by the holiness and quietude in Mount Athos, especially when they visited the monasteries and the monks, they immersed themselves in deep gratification and peaceful emotion. What is more, travelers consider Mount Athos as a mysterious holy place. This is because of its historical legend which tells that it is formed from a huge stone thrown by the giant Athos at Poseidon, and only limited travelers get the entry permits each day more this spot more mysterious. Last but not least, as a living religious heritage, Mount Athos has not changed much since the first days. The cultures and customs there have remained through centuries. The monks have been living a regular life, and they divide a day into three equal parts: prayer, labor and rest. Therefore, everything is just like what it used to be in Mount Athos.
The way to Mount Athos
Travelers are used to take boats from the Aegean Sea and are conveyed to the port, riding mules, horses or walking on foot are possible means to visit the monasteries and enjoy the picturesque artificial and natural scenery.
Gender specific destination
Mount Athos is a place, perhaps the only one in the world, where women and even all female domestic animals are forbidden to entry. It is a religious tradition in Mount Athos that human and animal reproduction is ruled out. And according to a report from a female anthropologist, every port of Mount Athos is guarded in order to make sure no women sneak to Mount Athos and female animals may be killed immediately if they were caught.
The Modern Greek traveling
Traveling to Greek is more convenient and time-saving now compared to the past, because more transportations such as airplanes, fast-speed trains and late-model automobiles. In addition, the tertiary industry is more developed so travelers can receive better services. Some changes in Mount Athos emerged, too. In fact, roads, buses, electricity and cyberspace impact the travel there, more activities and recreation are alternative for travelers in Mount Athos, however, whether these changes can benefit Mount Athos still remains unknown.
In conclusion, travelers went to Mount Athos in 19th century in order to enjoy the mediaeval architectures and arts, accomplish religious desire, study the culture and see the picturesque scenery. And the remarkable aspects of Mount Athos are varied, such as its contribution to sacred architectures, safeguarding traditions and religious heritage protection. In addition, people hold different impression on Mount Athos, in general, people think that Mount Athos represents wisdom, and it is a solemn and organized place, it is full of mysteries and it has not changed much for hundreds of years. When talking about the way to Mount Athos, travelers usually take boats to the ports and then ride mules to get around. However, Mount Athos is a gender specific destination, which means women and any female animals are forbidden to step into the mountain. And compared to the past, the modern Greek traveling has changed in some aspects.