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Command and control systems for the digital battlefield

2019-04-25 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Command and control systems for the digital battlefield,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了数字化战场的指挥控制系统。随着以信息技术为核心的高新技术在社会各领域的广泛渗透和应用,战争形态也朝着信息化方向发展,这就对数字化战场指挥控制系统的能力和建设提出了新的要求。为实现一体化发展目标,需要强化顶层设计,搞好系统综合集成。伴随人工智能技术、决策支持技术等关键技术在军事电子信息系统中的应用,指挥控制系统将朝着一体化、网络化、智能化和信息化方向发展,真正成为未来战场上一体化军事电子信息系统的核心。

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The rapid development of contemporary information technology and its wide application in the military field have made the way of information collection, transmission, processing, distribution and display in the digital battlefield have undergone earth-shaking changes compared with the past, thus revolutionizing the way of command and control of troops. The influence of digital battlefield on operational command and control activities, such as operational command and intelligence, operational command and decision-making, operational command elements and command and coordination control, makes the command and control of digital battlefield form a specific and new concept in the field of military combat command.

Multidimensional command and control field, multidimensional command and control elements, diverse command and control modes, and near real-time command and control are important characteristics of future information warfare. In the digital battlefield, the command and control system should not only meet the requirement of highly centralized command globally, but also meet the requirement of decentralized command locally. The command and control system should have strong interconnection and interoperability. Digital battlefield space of multidimensional and threat factors of uncertainty, battlefield situation of rapid change also proposed the new challenge of command and control system construction, request command and control system must have good anti-damage ability to survive, rapid response, flexible, able to quickly obtain the required information on the battlefield, real-time or near real-time information processing, information transmission and auxiliary decision-making, such as command coordination task.

The construction of the digital battlefield command system should follow the general idea of "combining peacetime and wartime, focusing on warfare, combining attack and defense, and focusing on attack", and comprehensively analyze the combat command relationship and application environment, so as to have certain task expansion adaptability and system destruction and reorganization ability.

The construction of the accusation system should be closely related to the construction of the national information infrastructure, especially the national defense information infrastructure. Because of the information infrastructure, especially the openness of the Internet, the accusation system faces threats and challenges from many aspects. In the future digital battlefield, the command and control system must adapt to the rapid change of battlefield situation, the rapid change of battle rhythm, the increase of information flow, the increase of destruction of all kinds of precision-guided weapons and electronic warfare weapons, and be able to effectively resist all kinds of hard and soft kills.

In order to realize precise command and control in digital battlefield, an effective closed-loop control system must be constructed first. From a vertical perspective, this process includes the acquisition and processing of intelligence information, the optimization and selection of program information, the generation and distribution of command information, and the feedback, evaluation and disposal of operational information. From the horizontal perspective, each link has many branches to support the implementation of each function, thus forming a crisscross command and control network process. The basic information flow is shown in figure 1.

The comprehensive evaluation of the architecture of the digital command and control system is mainly based on the hierarchical index system using the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. In the evaluation process, there are many factors to be considered, including not only the inherent connection of the system itself, but also the impact of battlefield environment, human factors, technical environment and other factors on the evaluation. Then these effects cannot be clearly expressed by a quantitative formula, and can only be studied with the help of fuzzy concepts.

Many factors affecting the system structure are arranged in layers, so the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method of which level should be adopted should be determined according to the level of the evaluation index system

To win the high-tech war in the future, it is impossible to rely on only a few advanced weapons and equipment, technical means and decentralized independent system, and it is necessary to have integrated C4ISR system with command and control system as the core. The functions of all services and arms, including troops, personnel and combat platforms, as well as those of command, intelligence, reconnaissance, early warning, detection, communication, electronic warfare and precision strike, should be unified in an integrated network. To achieve barrier-free, the fastest, the most accurate information transmission, to achieve information sharing within the network, to ensure the joint command of all services and arms, give full play to the overall combat effectiveness of various weapons and equipment, technical means and systems.

In order to adapt to the development of information technology, the new concept of "network-centric warfare" proposed by the us army is to change the information advantage into the operational advantage through the networking of each combat unit on the battlefield, so that the dispersed troops can jointly perceive the situation of the battlefield, coordinate their actions, and give full play to the combat pattern of maximum operational efficiency. Experiments show that an integrated network can make decision makers at all levels more powerful. A unified approach Shared by senior decision makers and front-line commanders does strengthen the command process. Networked organizational structures can help eliminate the fog of war, increase the lethality of troops and reduce the degree of misfire.

In the future development, high and new information technology should be fully utilized to further improve the level of automation and intelligence of command and control means. Future more mature integrated C4ISR system, can realize the reconnaissance surveillance and intelligence gathering, communication and command and control of seamless connection, constitute a battle command and control information highway, make sure the commander nearly real-time battlefield situation awareness, decision-making quickly, coordination and control forces and combat with assault weapons platform. Computer is the core of command and control system and the foundation of realizing intelligent combat command. The further development of artificial intelligence technology, multimedia technology and other high and new technologies will provide more advanced intelligent means for the combat command and control, so that the battlefield command and control system can be fully automated and intelligent.

In the transition from platform-centric warfare to network-centric warfare, the us military relies more on the acquisition of a large number of high-quality information in various forms and turns it into information superiority and decision-making superiority. Among the six transformational capabilities developed by the department of defense to implement the new strategy are the ability to protect information security and conduct effective information operations, and to develop interoperable, joint C4ISR capabilities. The C4ISR system and information countermeasure capability have become an important part and key factor of the "new three-in-one" strategy of the us military.

With the wide penetration and application of new and high technologies with information technology as the core in various fields of society, the war pattern is also developing towards informatization, which puts forward new requirements for the capability and construction of the digital battlefield command and control system. In order to achieve the goal of integrated development, it is necessary to strengthen the top-level design and improve the system integration. According to the design idea of integrated military electronic information system architecture, the command and control system is described by the view of combat, system and technology architecture. With the application of artificial intelligence technology, decision support technology and other key technologies in the military electronic information system, the command and control system will develop towards the direction of integration, networking, intelligence and informatization, and become the core of the future integrated military electronic information system on the battlefield.

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