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澳洲essay代写:Ethos, Pathos and Logos in Turkle’s Article

2017-04-20 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

这篇澳洲essay代写着重讨论了Turkle如何尝试用精神,悲伤和标志来劝说读者。在信息时代,智能手机已经成为大多数人类生活的一部分。智能手机已经渗透到日常生活的每一个部分,改变了我们的自我认同,家庭生活和友谊。然而,雪莉•特克尔的文章“停止谷歌,让我们谈谈”警告我们,智能手机通过减少我们的社交互动中的对话而破坏了我们的生活。


In the information age, the smartphone has become part of most human being’s life. The smartphone has penetrated every part of daily life, transforming our self identity, family life and friendship. However, Shirley Turkle’s essay “Stop Googling, Let’s Talk” warns us that smartphone is ruining our life by decreasing the conversation in our social interactions. This essay sets out to discuss how Turkle tries to persuade the readers with ethos, pathos and logos.
Shirley Turkle’s essay is themed on the relationship of mobile phone and the reduction of conversation. She argues that the use of smart phone may reduce face-to-face conversation in our daily life, while conversation is beneficial to empathy and self-reflection. Turkle, therefore, calls on the resumption of face-to-face conversations and “reclaim conversation for yourself, your friendship and society.” In the main body of the passage, Turkle persuades the readers with ethos, pathos and logos, claiming that technology may do harm to the significant empathetic conversation in our everyday life.
In terms of ethos, Turkle builds up her authority in the passage, ensuring the readers that she is reliable in this topic. In the third paragraph, Turkle tries to build up her credibility by writing “I’ve been studying the psychology of online connectivity for more than 30 years” and claiming that she has been focusing on the face-to-face conversation in the past five years. By doing so she sets up her authority and tries to convince the readers that she can be trusted in the issues of face-to-face conversation. In the successive paragraphs, she also mentions or implies her role as a psychologist for several times to stress out the fidelity of her argument. For example, when Turkle describes the case of a “device-free camp,” she mentions that she is “doing my own research” in that camp, implying that her analysis of the resilience of conversation in the camp is trustable. Turkle utilizes her own research experience and other authoritative academic sources to assure the readers of what she said. By making use of ethos, Turkle is able to convince the readers with her professional advantage.
In terms of pathos, Turkle persuades the readers with emotional appeals. Turkle makes use of pathos by showing emotion-evoking cases and writing in emotional languages. Firstly, Turkle provides us with pathetic cases about how technology reduces our face-to-face conversation. For example, the title of the essay, “Stop Googling, Let’s Talk”, is emotion-evoking. In the following passage, Turkle sympathetically narrates a case of a 15-year-old girl, who once asked her daddy to “stop googling, let’s talk”, and afterwards Turkle presents another case of a 15-year-old boy who one said he wanted to raise a family but would absolutely not in the way his family was – using the phone almost everywhere. These similar situations may evoke the readers’ emotions and drive readers to reflect on their own life. Turkle also analyzes case of exclusion in middle school to support her argument. In this case, a seventh grade girl excludes her classmates without the capability of feeling others’ being hurt because of the technology that reduces empathetic conversation. By showing these examples, Turkle pushes the readers to feel how sad it is when the conversation in intimate relationship is lost, and thus persuades the readers to accept her claims. When writing these cases, she also uses an emotional tone. For example, she makes use of the direct quotation of the 15-year-old girls, which sounds heart-breaking to beg her father to stop googling, to provoke the reader’s emotion. She also utilizes rhetorical techniques such as parallelism to express her passionate emotions in the prose. In the light of emotional cases and writing style, pathos helps her impress the readers.
She also utilizes logos to illustrate her ideas and persuade the readers. In the passage, Turkle cites facts and statistics as well as addresses other authorities. For example, Turkle lists the data from Pew Research Center in the passage. In the second paragraph, Turkle has used two statistics (89% and 82%) from Pew to prove that mobile phones have occupied people’s daily life but people were not satisfied with it. With credible statistics, she is able to convince the readers with logic. She also makes use of the studies conducted other psychologists’ team, including teams at University of Michigan, psychologist Yalda Uhls and Timothy Wilson from University of Virginia. These authoritative sources help her grasp her readers with scientific evidence. By using logos, Turkle persuades her readers of her claims.

In conclusion, Turkle utilizes ethos, pathos and logos to convince the readers of her argument that technology reduces conversation in the modern world, and thus we should resume the tradition of empathetic face-to-face conversation in our daily life.


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