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The Concept of Ecological Civilization Construction from the Perspective of Ecofeminism

2019-06-27 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The Concept of Ecological Civilization Construction from the Perspective of Ecofeminism,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了生态女性主义。生态女性主义作为一种新的理论思潮,指出了传统环境理论的不足,还有很大的发展空间。它在批判人与自然关系中引入了性别维度,为解决生态环境问题和性别不平等问题提供了新的思路和方法。围绕其“基础案例”的争论还在继续,但它不会影响其前进的步伐,它将在性别和环境保护的“战场”上发挥更大的作用,闪耀着耀眼的光芒。

Ecofeminism,生态女性主义,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

1. The Introduction of the ecofeminism

In this age, the ecological crisis has become a global topic, and the ecological theory is constantly developing. As a new branch of theory, the environmental ethics of eco-feminism is the theory that feminism intersects with ecology during its development. With the continuous development of the trend of thought on a global scale, a number of theoretical schools have emerged. Although there are some differences among these schools, they all take the protection of nature and women as the fundamental purpose. They try to explore the deep-rooted binary opposition between human and nature, male and female in the traditional social concept, reveal the essential connection between natural exploitation and female oppression, and advocate the construction of ecological system and social environment for the harmonious development of human and nature. Eco-feminism is a good link between women and nature. It advocates ecological diversity, responsibility care, fair and just environmental ethics from the perspective of women. It is deeply influenced by deep ecology and postmodernism, and at the same time, it criticizes and condemns the traditional view of mechanical nature, which lays a good foundation for constructing the pluralistic and rich philosophical foundation. In addition, eco-feminism brings the perspective of care ethics into the field of environmental ethics, infuses women's unique emotions like care, love and responsibility into environmental protection, and injects fresh elements into the environmental ethics of responsible care. In addition, fairness and justice have always been the core topic of social development. Eco-feminism has made a strong criticism of social injustice and proposed the environmental ethics of fairness and justice advocated from the perspective of women, such as environmental justice, gender justice and economic justice. The development of ecological feminism environmental ethics has had a great impact on today's society. It has a profound impact on the improvement of women's status, the diversification of thinking mode and the establishment of scientific natural view.

2. The importance of ecofeminism in ecological civilization

Since the 1970s, eco-feminists have believed that environmental problems are one of the problems to be solved by feminism. Ecological feminists believe that women should be actively involved in the environmental movement not only because the environmental pollution is more harmful to women, but also because the nature of women has a special relationship with the ecological movement. They believe that a more "feminine" view of the environment will help solve the ecological crisis. In western countries, especially in France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United States, the ecofeminist and environmental movements, environmental philosophy and ecological ethics have been paid more and more attention and had considerable influence.

2.1 The direct participants in the construction of ecological civilization

The construction of ecological civilization is the common mission of the whole people. Women, as half the sky, are an important force in promoting economic and social development. In the process of ecological civilization construction, women, as the primary caregivers of families, have the maternal instinct, maternal love sensitivity and maternal responsibility, which can help women deeply understand the nature of ecological and environmental issues, make them pay more attention to environmental and sustainable development issues, and take positive actions to protect the environment. At the same time, women are both the subject of social production and the subject of social consumption. Research shows that 70 percent of the world's consumption is done by women. Especially in China, women play a pillar role in modern agricultural production, with more than 80 percent of agricultural labor and 70 percent of family planting and breeding. Therefore, women's mode of production and consumption is closely related to green development, low-carbon consumption and green life advocated by the establishment of ecological civilization.

2.2 To promote the creation of ecological civilization

Since the 1960s, the authors of three important works with epoch-making significance in the development of human ecological culture are all women. The first is "silent spring" by American biologist Rachel Carson. Rachel Carson started early on about the harm of chemicals -- pesticides to human beings. She noticed that new chemicals pose a serious threat to the natural world while serving as a boon for human beings. Rachel Carson became the first person in the world to advocate environmental protection. The second was British economist Barbara ward, who presented her report "we only have one earth" at the first human environment conference. The third is the former prime minister of Norway, Mrs. Brundtland, who, in our common future, pioneered the now universally recognized strategy of sustainable development. The ideas proposed in these documents not only change the inherent thinking habits of human beings, but also rewrite the history of human protection of ecological environment. With this photograph echo, since the 1970 s, the western feminist movement combined with the ecological movement formed the ecological feminist movement, the movement content mainly includes women's rights, protect the environment, science and technology concepts, animal welfare, such as opposed to the proliferation of nuclear technology, opposed to war, from against gender discrimination extension to discrimination against the human on the natural environment, the fight for equality between men and women's social rights and protect the natural environment, enrich the connotation of feminist ecological culture.

2.3 women and environment into sustainable development strategies

The international community has integrated women and the environment into sustainable development strategies. With the reflection of the previous economic and social development model and the change of the concept of development, especially in the 1990s, gender equality became the mainstream of international social development. The important role of women in sustainable development was gradually explored, and the relationship between women's own development and natural ecological environment was gradually clarified. The United Nations has convened a series of international conferences in which women and the environment have received high attention and consensus from the international community. China has established three outline the Chinese women's development, also the improvement of ecological environment and optimize the environment of the social work as a starting point, points out that to increase the degree of women and the environment protection and decision-making, optimize the social environment for the development of women and it is coequal and important to protect the natural ecological environment, the evaluation standard for creating a gender formulated the goal and requirement of ecological culture system. Building an eco-culture strategy with a gender perspective has become an important measure for China to stick to scientific development, harmonious development and green development.

3. Conclusion

Since the term "ecofeminism" was put forward, the idea of the connection between women and nature has become the core issue of ecofeminism. It cuts into the ecological problem from the Angle of gender, and points out that both the patriarchal rule and man's rule of nature are rooted in the understanding of patriarchal system, and then carries out in-depth criticism. Other thoughts and theories of eco-feminism have been generated around this idea. It can be said that this idea is the "foundation" of ecofeminism.

In short, eco-feminism, as a new theoretical trend, points out the disadvantages of traditional environmental theory, and it also has a lot of room for development. His originality introduces the gender dimension in the criticism of the relationship between man and nature, and provides a new way of thinking and method for solving ecological environment problems and gender inequality problems. The debate over its "" base case" "continues, but it will not affect its forward steps, it will play a bigger role in the" "battlefield" "of gender and environmental protection, flashing a dazzling light.

Reference

Espinosa C,(2014). Journal of environment&development. .

Hum Ecol,(2016). Ubunutu is not only about the Human! An Analysis of the role of  African philosophy&Ethic in environmennnt management.

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