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Private equity

2019-06-14 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Private equity,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了私募股权。私募股权就是私募股权投资,具有高风险、高收益、专业性等特点,对创新能力强、成长性强的企业具有特殊偏好,为创新型企业提供资本支持,并且可以起到风险分担的作用。私募股权投资为被投企业提供丰富的行业信息、市场状况以及相应的供应商和客户资源,这些方面都有助于提高企业的技术创新能力。

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The rapid development of the world economy proves that science and technology contribute greatly to economic growth, while technological innovation is an important link between science and technology and economic growth. Innovation is characterized by high risk and high cost. Most small and medium-sized enterprises cannot use internal financial resources to support innovative activities, and they need the funds from outside investors. Science and technology innovation-oriented enterprises, however, and it is difficult to get loans from the bank, the risk capital is suitable provider of funds, private equity investment has the characteristic such as high risk, high income, professional, strong innovation ability, strong growth enterprises have special preferences, to provide capital support for innovative companies, and it can have the effect of risk sharing.

Venture capital support for enterprise innovation activities much more than simple financial support, we from the social network theory, the relational contract theory and resource-based theory of venture capital to promote the mechanism of action of enterprise innovation activities.

Enterprise innovation cannot be separated from innovation resources. Through communication and communication with external enterprises, enterprises can build their own social network, so as to obtain the capital and knowledge resources needed for innovation. The availability of resources is particularly important to the technology innovation of enterprises, and private equity investment can help the invested enterprises set up a wider range of social network, and more easily acquire innovation resources. Social network is a key factor for enterprises to obtain innovative resources. It can help enterprises form unique competitive advantages that are difficult to be imitated and continuously improve their innovation ability. For small businesses, contact with external institutions and exposure to external experience can help mitigate their own resource deficiencies. Small companies can cooperate with other enterprises through establishing alliance enterprise networks to obtain technology such as resources and overcome the shortage of funds, make the enterprise technology innovation activities can be normal, not in the competition to be eliminated.

Private equity investment provides rich industry information, market conditions and corresponding suppliers and customer resources for the invested enterprises, which can help improve the technological innovation ability of enterprises. When enterprises establish, increase and allocate resources, enterprises benefit from the social network of venture capital, which provides potential partners, suppliers and consumers. Relationships with suppliers in the decision enterprise core competitive ability and innovation ability plays an important role, the supplier for the product design and development in the final product innovation is critical. In addition, the use of outsourcing services will allow small businesses to make up the shortfall in internal resources. The relationship with external suppliers is deep, and the necessary knowledge is embedded in products and people, which are not available in other situations. The relationship between enterprises and consumers determines the success of innovative products. Understanding consumers' needs is the key to innovation, and the innovation process is sometimes user-driven. First, enterprises can learn the user's technical and management skills to improve their design and development; Secondly, the user's participation helps to establish the most ideal cost-effective products; Third, the participation of users in product design and development stages can reduce the uncertainty cost of product delivery. In a word, private equity investment brings the potential suppliers and consumers' social network relationship, which can effectively promote the innovation process of enterprises and improve the probability of success of innovative products.

In the absence of a common investor, the association between enterprises becomes very difficult because of the asymmetry and secrecy of information. R&d cooperation in the context of incomplete contract, for example, the problem is very serious, due to determine the ownership of the intangible assets is relatively difficult, when he signed a project result uncertainty, as well as the information asymmetry. In particular, companies that compete in the same industry have the risk of stealing business secrets or proprietary knowledge.

When the enterprise has the common venture capital, the venture capital has the boundary ambiguity effect of the enterprise, and the alliance between enterprises is easier to form. The blurring effect of corporate boundaries is defined by two companies with common venture capital background. When the contract problem is more prominent, the fuzzy boundary effect is most obvious when the management role of venture capital is more active in the enterprise. Only when there is at least one private enterprise is there a fuzzy boundary effect, and two state-owned enterprises with common venture capital background do not have an additional alliance tendency. In addition, when the two companies compete in the same industry, the fuzzy boundary effect is more obvious, and it is easier to form the r&d alliance. Strategic alliance is very important to the knowledge flow between enterprises, when the enterprise is in the same industry and involved in research and development, do you know? R circulation is very strong.

When it comes to venture capital, relational contract research focuses on the contractual relationship between investors and enterprises. However, venture capital still plays an important role in the relationship contract between the invested enterprises. A relational contract can stimulate the generation of special investment. Enterprises with the same venture capital background can jointly invest in research and development.

Venture capital does not promote any inter-firm alliance, because problems such as incomplete contracts, information asymmetry and information theft occur only in specific areas. Innovation activities fall into this category, because innovation activities are unpredictable and speculative risks increase. Innovative alliances require specific investments and are at risk of uncertainty, and Shared venture capital is particularly important for such alliances. Alliance performance in the market of the most common cooperation between enterprises and research and development, technology application, the cooperation will undoubtedly promote the innovation of the enterprise, the enhancement enterprise's core competitiveness, improve the probability of successful enterprise in the market.

A strong private equity market is the basis for the transformation of innovation results. Venture capital is the catalyst for the transformation of innovation results and promote the development of regional entrepreneurship. The support of government research projects generally supports academic basic research and forms innovative ideas, while venture capital supports these ideas and encourages entrepreneurs to bring these ideas to market. The high-tech industry needs inventors and entrepreneurs, and venture capital will stimulate researchers to create more innovative ideas and translate those ideas into solid products.

Venture capital is closely related to the results of the enterprise product market, through the analysis of silicon valley venture capital background and risk-free investment background of the enterprise, the enterprise financing pattern as well as the product into the market time, innovative companies are more likely than imitate innovative companies to obtain venture capital. Venture capital can change the growth path of start-ups and help enterprises to enter the market faster, especially innovative enterprises. Therefore, the enterprise will take the support of venture capital as a milestone in the growth cycle of the enterprise. As a result of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and the transformation of intellectual property, venture capital has been proved by practice and played an important role in the adjustment of economic structure of developed countries in Europe and America. The former British prime minister Margaret thatcher has mentioned, Europe in the field of high-tech industry development lag behind the us, not because of the European science and technology innovation ability is weak, but because the European ten years behind the United States in terms of risk investment. Risk investment and technological innovation supplement each other, risk investment capital into the high risk and uncertainty in the high-tech industry, to promote the industrialization and commercialization of technological innovations, so as to obtain high capital gains.

Enterprise resources is an important foundation for enterprises to achieve competitive advantage, but also promote technology innovation ability of the carrier, enterprise innovation activities must rely on enterprise owned by the innovation resources. Venture capital can effectively promote the enterprise's ability in product and management, enhance the dynamic capability of the enterprise, and make the enterprise more efficient allocation of resources.

The resource base theory is developed in the field of strategic management and emphasizes the importance of resources to the competitive advantage of enterprises. Enterprise resources are the necessary foundation for enterprises to acquire innovation ability, and also the basic conditions for innovation activities and all activities of enterprises. Any enterprise should utilize innovative resources to carry out innovation activities, while innovative resource capacity refers to the ability of enterprises to effectively utilize and rationally allocate various innovative resources when undertaking innovative activities. From the point of view of resource base, the enterprise has a scarce and valuable, do not imitate, irreplaceable resources, will have and implement a set of value creation strategy, other competitors do not have access to this strategy. If other companies cannot replicate this strategy, it will be a stable competitive advantage.

Enterprise resources are the basis of innovation activities of enterprises. From the perspective of the role of technological innovation of enterprises, the origin of enterprises can be divided into basic resources and heterogeneous resources. Basic resources are the basic elements of enterprises' innovation activities, including human resources and financial resources. Heterogeneous resources are valuable, unimitated and duplicated innovative resources owned by enterprises, which mainly include innovation team, innovation atmosphere and knowledge resources.

Most researches believe that venture capital can promote the improvement of enterprise innovation ability, and pay attention to the degree of difference between the risk investment background and the enterprise innovation ability without the risk investment background. Private equity investment, however, the impact of different types for enterprise innovation, because for every private equity investment, vary from their background and deal structure, degree of impact on innovation will also be different. The background and trading structure of venture capitalists will influence the relationship between venture capital and innovation.

These conclusions are very useful for policy makers, there is reason to believe that private equity investment can promote the enterprise innovation, but if the government intervention in the equity market, promote the development of the equity market, it should pay attention to the following two points: the role of private equity investment, in addition to the emphasis on the private sector? Squatting on the board of >? In addition, we should pay more attention to those private equity investments that play a role in promoting innovation. Incentives for institutional and governmental investment, institutional and government backgrounds are more conducive to the promotion of innovation activities.

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