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Environmental news

2019-02-15 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Environmental news,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了环境新闻。环境新闻是人与自然环境发生关系的事实,是自然界运动和人类社会实践中的一种形态。虽然环境新闻只是新闻的一个分支,不过其固有的新颖性、重要性、接近性等新闻价值因素共性不变。而环境新闻的复杂性特点,使得一些环境事件在初期混沌一时难以判断,让新闻报道显得模糊。

Environmental news,环境新闻,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Environmental news is the fact of the relationship between human beings and the natural environment. It is a form of the natural movement and human social practice. As a member of the news family, environmental news is only a branch, and its inherent novelty, importance, proximity and other common factors of news value remain unchanged. But since we regard it as a relatively independent category of news, we can see that it also has the feature of "this one", that is, it shows its obvious personality characteristics, which are highlighted in the aspects of universality, conflict, stimulation, complexity and aesthetics.

About the meaning of the environment, the environmental protection law of the People's Republic of China "middle finger" influence human survival and development of all kinds of natural and artificial modification of the totality of natural factors, including atmosphere, water, ocean, land, minerals, forests, grasslands, wildlife, natural resources, cultural relics, nature reserve, scenic area, the city and the country ", and they are associated with each other. The extension meaning of the environment is so rich that the news facts involved in its changes are bound to be extremely extensive. The content of environmental news is far more colorful than other kinds of news.

In reality, environmental factors are directly related to everyone. Water, air and other factors are inseparable from people every day. They directly affect the quality of life of people, even concern the interests of future generations, and maintain the survival and development of human society. Thus, environmental news has a natural affinity and universality for the public. The audience for environmental issues is much wider and more concerned than many other types of news. For example, literary and art news mainly provides people with leisure and entertainment, or meets some spiritual needs: literary and art news is mostly a variety of cultural activities, performances, or the elegant demeanour and experience of singers and film and television stars; Most of sports news are about hard training, fierce competition, joy of winning the championship or regret of failure, etc., which involve a single field of reporting and have no direct connection with the vital interests of the audience. The content of environmental news is as rich as the above, which can affect the nerves and emotions of the audience.

The characteristics of extensiveness indicate the richness of environmental news reports. From the perspective of the communication situation in recent years, it is necessary to change the previous themes and focus more on environmental events, resource problems and other limitations, expand the scope of reporting, and broaden the public horizon. After the Copenhagen world climate conference in 2009, "low carbon", "emission reduction" and other environmental protection terms became popular, which gave rise to a lot of news material. Summarize the experience of achieving more output with the same amount of carbon emissions; Publicize the green economic growth points formed by innovating technologies, processes, production methods and operating mechanisms; Tracking the formation of new low-carbon industries to create new employment opportunities; We will encourage the development of environment-friendly and resource-conserving ecological urban and rural areas. Advocate the low-carbon lifestyle of saving, health, civilization and science around you. These are areas of both economic and environmental news.

The universality of environmental news also makes it universal in the world. It is not affected by or little affected by national culture, class relations or ideology. Many contents transcend the limitation of time and space and become a worldwide problem. Melting glaciers, warming climate, destruction of the ozone layer, rising sea levels and loss of biodiversity are of vital interest to the entire "global village". Environmental changes in a region, not only affect the region, and even related to the global. In the spring of 2011, many wheat-producing areas in north China suffered from a severe drought, which may result in the reduction of summer grain production and affect China's economy to some extent. The development has drawn worldwide media attention amid fears that China's drought will affect the surge in international food prices. "The drought in China has blocked the way to replenish world food stocks," said abbassian, a senior economist at the United Nations food and agriculture organization. News of the fukushima nuclear power plant leak caused by the tsunami in Japan in mid-march 2011 has caused great tension around the world, and even triggered a rush for salt and iodine products by people in China and the United States. This suggests that even local environmental news is often not isolated, and that distant places can be affected and cause concern. In recent years, the United Nations has held a global environmental conference, where political leaders from all over the world gathered together to discuss solutions. This shows the globalization of environmental issues and the extensive nature of environmental news.

Environmental news is mainly about the imbalance between human and nature, which is caused by the disharmony and conflict between the two.

From the viewpoint of materialist dialectics, all things in the universe are composed of contradictions, and there are contradictions and conflicts in the movement, development and change of things. Since the birth of human beings, many social practice activities are carried out in the natural environment, or indirectly related to the nature of some kind, it is inevitable to conflict with the natural world. In the self-sufficient form of agricultural society, people only make limited use of natural materials, and the relationship between human and nature is basically "peaceful coexistence" with no conflict. After entering the industrial society, human beings have increased their demand for the natural world to the extent that they follow their own inclinations, and then they gradually have contradictions with nature. A large number of sewage and waste gas emissions have polluted the water quality, soil and air. The contradictions and conflicts between these people and nature have damaged the ozone layer and disturbed the ecological balance. As a result, meteorological anomalies, geological disasters, diseases and frequent disasters have been caused. The "natural resources protection movement" in Europe and America in the early 20th century marked the emergence of early environmental news, and also showed that environmental news was the product of the conflict between human and nature.

The contradiction between human and nature may even lead to many social conflicts, which makes the extension of environmental news extend to the political category. Water crisis is one of the severe challenges facing the world today. The conflict over water resources caused by water shortage in some regions has formed an opposition relationship between the two sides, which directly affects the social stability in this region. Such news is not uncommon. Such conflicts sometimes even rise to the level of "fighting, suppressing, destroying and even destroying each other for a certain goal or value", that is, conflicts develop to the level of war. Jeffrey d. Sachs, dean of the earth institute at Columbia University in the United States, points out that "from darfur, which got Sudan, to the ogaden desert in Ethiopia, to somalia and its pirates, to the conflicts in yemen, Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan, these are large arid areas. Because of the lack of water, crops fail, livestock die, extreme poverty and despair. Many conflicts are caused or exacerbated by water shortages. Such poor communities provide a great recruitment opportunity for extremist groups like the taliban. UN secretary-general ban ki-moon has also issued a warning to the world: "water scarcity threatens the growth of economic and social wealth and is a cause of war and conflict." Therefore, the conflict of environmental news should not be underestimated. In reality, a lot of news shows conflicts between fairness and injustice, construction and destruction, advanced and backward, etc. These news seem to be highly political, which may also imply the relationship with some environmental factors. For example, some officials did not use all the special disaster relief funds allocated by the Chinese government for local reconstruction and some of them were embezzled and embezzled. News of social conflicts, such as donations to the public for the construction of poor mountainous areas, some officials' extravagance and waste, etc., are all related to the environment.

Conflict is not only a characteristic of environmental news, but also often accompanied by conflict in the process of news disclosure. Quite a few reporters have conflicts and games with each other in the process of collecting and writing environmental news. The disclosure of some environmental problems is often directly related to the lack of regulations and policies and the malfeasance of management institutions. Journalists' interviews and investigations will encounter various obstacles due to conflicts of interests with the government, enterprises and individuals. Therefore, journalists engaged in environmental news must have a strong sense of social responsibility, persistent professional spirit, and be prepared to have conflicts with each other at any time, so as to obtain valuable news.

This refers to the shocking and shocking nature of a large amount of environmental news, which will immediately cause some social impact.

Psychological research shows that people are more interested in the abnormal movement of things than the normal movement of things, which is also the charm of negative news. Many environmental news are generated by abnormal changes of things, and the information released by them is far better than the ability to grasp positive information to eliminate the uncertainty of the changing state of things, which will stimulate people's nerves to be concerned about it. In terms of the process of people's social activities, they usually develop in a clockwise direction according to the preset blueprint and operate normally. However, if the activity process is blocked or even runs in reverse, the normal order of things will be broken. The abnormal changes will inevitably stimulate people's perception and emotions, causing the confusion of "why?" and trying to restore the normal state of things. Reality of a large number of environmental news, whether it comes from the nature of the geological disasters such as flood, earthquake and human activities caused by environmental pollution, ecological destruction, are generated by abnormal changes of the fact that they can quickly stimulate the nerves, an effect quickly and cause for concern, which urged the social positive action to prevent the spread of the abnormal situation, trying to make society back to the normal orbit.

The influence of environmental news on people is directly proportional to the nature of news events, the number of objects involved and the geographical distance. The more serious the environmental anomalies or the more people involved, the more stimulating the news will be and the greater the impact will be. News that a flood has killed or injured several people has a much different stimulation and impact on the audience than news that an earthquake has killed or injured thousands of people. The weak stimulation of environmental news will vanish in a short time, while the strong stimulation of environmental news will leave a deep imprint on people. In the 20th century, the world famous "eight environmental hazards", the former Soviet union chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion and other news, how many years later, people still remember, fear. After the March 2011 accident at the fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan, scientists estimated that it would take more than 30 years to dispose of the spent nuclear reactors before people could recover from the disaster in 2041.

The excitement of environmental news is also associated with the sudden intensity of abnormal events. Environmental changes are sudden without warning, the more sudden the greater the stimulation to the audience. In terms of news occurrence, many of them are dynamic. However, from the perspective of the nature of news, there are positive news and negative news. Besides, the dynamic strength of news occurrence is different and the stimulation to audiences is also different. A lot of positive news is predictable and predictable, and events from the get-go are a sign of things to come. The convening of a conference or a celebration is to develop in accordance with the preset direction of human activities. When the expected purpose is achieved at a certain stage, the fact becomes news, and the news promoted by human factors generally does not stimulate the audience. Negative news, on the other hand, is much more sudden than positive news, such as air crash, shipwreck and other accidents are sudden, environmental news is mostly negative nature, strong contingency, unexpected, earthquake, tsunami, volcanic eruption, etc., in an instant, naturally surprising and quickly stimulate emotions.

Of course, some environmental news is not sudden, but it is still stimulating and interesting. Endangered wild animals, the decrease of forest vegetation, the speeding up of the melting glaciers, rising sea levels, desertification intensifies, disequilibrium of the ozone layer, and so on, these facts are not sudden abnormal signs it is a cumulative process, is the gradual formation of the phenomenon in a long time, the little difference before and after the abnormal in news reports, nature also have no mutation, and the situation is still in developing. Due to the seriousness and harmfulness of the situation, this kind of news also stimulates the general attention of the society. From this point of view, environmental news reports should try to avoid the existing "sports" disadvantages -- in case of sudden environmental pollution or ecological destruction, the media rushed to the news. However, after a buzz, the news would quickly go silent, and rarely continuously present the worsening environmental reality to the audience. The effect of this rush reporting is often short-lived. Therefore, environmental news reports should pay more attention to the long-term agenda. No matter sudden environmental events or cumulative environmental problems, they are frequent or even "eternal" reports by the media, which will better exert the effect of environmental news and help the audience to establish environmental awareness and pay close attention to environmental issues.


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