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作业代写:The Sandcastle

2018-02-27 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The Sandcastle,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了《沙堡》。《沙堡》是默多克早期创作的小说,其反映了默多克的哲学观念和道德伦理思想。在小说里,莫尔是一名教师,但他的生活并不如意。工作不能为他带来更多的激情,而他的妻子楠又是一位控制欲极强的女人,她试图主宰家庭的一切。莫尔在这样的生活中更多感觉到的是痛苦。之后他与年轻,充满激情的艺术家卡特小姐陷入爱河。但他们的爱情对周围的他人造成了伤害,尤其对是莫尔的家人。在一系列偶然的事件之后他们都看清了事实,意识到了他人的存在,考虑到了他人,最终分手。

In the 20th century world literature, Iris Murdoch is undoubtedly a different writer. She was both a novelist and a philosopher, and she expounded her philosophical ideas and ethical thoughts through her works. Murdoch's novels are often called philosophical fables, and her works always focus on some basic issues of philosophy and ethics. Rupert Murdoch's novel in 20th century is like George Eliot's novel in 19th century, and she has made great contributions to the development of English novels in 20th century.

When Murdoch was young, he met with Sartre, the founder of Existential philosophy, and Sartre had far-reaching influence on her philosophy and literary thought. Existential philosophy is the philosophy that grew up in the ruins of the post-war period. Existential philosophy believes that the outside world is meaningless, human society is absurd and cold, life is meaningless, absurd and painful. Man is lonely, wandering, tormented. The existential thought has made Rupert Murdoch re-examine and think about human beings, and to find a way to solve the human dilemma. However, Murdoch's philosophy of existentialism is not completely accepted, Sartre's advocacy of existentialism is Murdoch's criticism of modern philosophy is an important basis. Sartre thinks that others are hell, "others" have no independent personality, but a potential object of "I" thinking, faith and emotion. Mr Murdoch objected. She stressed the need to treat others as individuals with independent personalities. She believes that this is the basis of the imagination of virtue, love and creative thinking.

The Sandcastle is a novel written by Rupert Murdoch in his early years, which, like her novels in the same period, reflects Rupert Murdoch's philosophy and ethical thoughts, and is another demonstration and promotion of the author's philosophy practice. Most of Mr Murdoch's novels are about the middle class, which is a food-and-carefree one. Novels often begin with the lives of several couples in London or near London, and with the development of novels, they are gradually forced or unconsciously into the love life of others, lost in the love of others. The Sandcastle novel is a story about extramarital affairs. The middle-aged intellectual, Moore, is a teacher and his life is not satisfactory. Work can not bring him more passion, and his wife Nan is a very controlling woman, she tried to dominate the family everything. Moore felt more pain in such a life. Then he fell in love with young, passionate artist Miss Carter. But their love has caused harm to others around him, especially to Moore's family. After a series of accidental events, they all see the truth, realize the existence of others, consider others, and finally break up.

The sandcastle shows Murdoch's personal theory: "This theory should emphasize both human freedom and independence and the connection between man and the universe." On the moral level, people need to learn a lot from this world. "The work shows the hero and heroine by focusing on themselves, the love between them to eliminate themselves, pay attention to others, and finally realize their responsibility, return to morality, choose the psychological process of goodness." We can analyze several important characters in the novel, from their psychological and practical process to grasp Murdoch's philosophical ideas.

Influenced by Sartre's philosophy of existentialism, Rupert Murdoch portrayed the hero of the sandcastle as a man who lives in the real world and feels bored, miserable and meaningless. But at the same time he is also a person who pursues truth, freedom and goodness, a father who has a sense of responsibility and loves his children. He was convinced that pure truth was the foundation and condition of all virtues. Moore never cheats on his wife unless it's a very casual social lie or a lie about his own health. When he began to fall in love with Miss Carter, he began to lie to his wife unconsciously, which made him feel confused and guilty. Although he has a sense of responsibility for his wife and children, Moore's family life is painful. He loves children, but he doesn't know how to express them, and he communicates with them very little. He expects his children to have a good future, but he is not interested in their ideas and their pursuit of the future. The wife is the source of the misery of the family life. His wife Nan is a bit of a sharp, love to laugh at others, only love themselves, control the very strong woman. She was ostensibly a competent housewife who devoted all her energies to the family, but in fact she ruled the family with her strong desires and boundless energy, controlling her husband and children. She mocked and confronted her husband, and almost all of Moore's decisions she dismissed, stopped his plans for the future, struck him from the depths and made him angry. The future of the child she also wants to dominate, and even everyone's room layout She will change, to prove that everything in the family belongs to her own. She despises others and refuses to communicate with others. Moore is dissatisfied with such a wife, he has done a lot of efforts to change her, cultivate her hobbies, encourage her to socialize, but in the end, the wife's stubbornness ended, giving him more frustration. This kind of painful marriage also became the main inducement of Moore's extramarital affair.

Miss Carter is kind, free and romantic. Her presence brought a fresh wind to Moore, who brought him new possibilities of strength and life, a sense of freedom. "He wants to be a new person that she made him, a free, creative, happy and lovely person that she created with magic ..." and Miss Carter's falling in love with Moore trying to throw everything away. He stopped thinking about his children and his wife, ignoring the existence of others, focusing only on Miss Carter's feelings and imagining their future. As the article "Iris Murdoch Narrative features" mentioned in "once the loss of religious reference and common sense of public history, the human self nature will be extremely inflated, will only build a self-centered psychological world, in order to dominate their own thoughts and behavior activities;" People's moral sense and values are based on the choice of self, which inevitably causes conflicts and tragedies between people. "Indeed, Moore's affair with Miss Carter has caused great harm and suffering to Moore's family, and has also brought unexpected shocks and changes," he said. But as Mr Murdoch mentioned in a paper: "Freedom is knowing, understanding and respecting things outside of ourselves." As a moral person, a pursuit of truth and freedom, the people of goodness, Moore in the bottom of my heart always know such love, his doings is wrong. He clearly felt his meanness: a foolish, incompetent middle-aged man who deceived his wife with no grace whatsoever. Out of a passionate love of the beginning, Moore gradually felt that he was getting farther from the truth. Although Miss Carter has been urging him to showdown with his wife, he has been slow to decide, he can not choose between his lover and family. He was painfully aware that only by presenting his bad qualities-anger, his wife's hatred, his endurance for sheer irresponsible fanaticism-could he finally come together with Miss Carter. "He is grieved that something will never be repaired once it is destroyed." There will be a new life and a new world, but what he wants to break will never be made up, he now knows he will never stop suffering. Ultimately, Moore sees the facts and realizes what he will destroy. He was conscious of others, felt the pain of his love for others, and began to think for others. Although the abandonment is painful, but has the moral sense and the virtuous Moore still chooses to let go, returns to the family.

Murdoch's philosophical ethics and novel art can be expressed in a formula: Virtue = Freedom = Understanding the existence of others = knowledge about the truth of others. Moore's psychological practice of focusing on himself and paying attention to others is the embodiment of this formula. And the other two main characters in the novel: Mo's wife Nan and Miss Carter, the awakening process of their consciousness also embodies such a philosophy ethics view.

As mentioned above, Moore's wife Nan is a sharp, love to laugh at others, do not want to contact with others, only love themselves, control the very strong woman. Nan hoped that everything in the family was under her control. The essence of her is to focus on her own, so that everything in accordance with their own will act. Her husband's infidelity gave Nan a heavy blow, and she realized the presence of others, and felt the pain that others had brought to her, which she lure herself. The characters that Mr Murdoch portrays in his novels often go through a process of transition from self-centered positions to other central positions. Nan began to think more of her husband, considering his thoughts. "In those days she thought more intensely of him than when she first fell in love with him ... She began to miss him. She almost began to yearn for him, though she did not let herself be clearly aware of it. Finally, Nan accepted her husband's ideals and was aware of others, and she chose to announce her family's future plans in public, and she chose to bring the children into a new future together with Moore, thus saving the family.

Miss Carter is more likeable than Nan. She is kind, free and romantic, so Moore will fall in love with her. But at first she did not pay attention to other people except for the concern of Moore and their love. She did not realize the existence of others until she heard Nan announce her family's future plans and understand the ideals of Moore. Aware of the sacrifices that Moore had to make for their relationship, she realized that something other than love in her life, she realized that she would destroy them and realize the sufferings of his family. "You are a growing tree, and I am just a bird." You can't break free from your roots and fly away with me. "Yes, besides love, Moore has so much to worry about, he has a lot of family, responsibility and moral sense." Miss Carter only chose to leave.

In an interview, Murdoch said: "... I think a good novel is the most indispensable is the moral concept, that is, the author can objectively and impartially evaluate his attitude towards society and the creation of characters. This moral view must be profound, just and compassionate. With these virtues, with the ability to look at things correctly, it implies the ability to express interesting things correctly. Great novelists have the ability. Of course, you will find that they differ in style and attitude, but I think they all have such a lofty humanistic spirit. The Sandcastle's work includes Murdoch's philosophical and ethical thoughts. Showed her lofty humanistic spirit. In her view, the moral consciousness of human being is the basic mode of human being, the task of art and artist is not to serve the society, but to promote some kind of spirit of goodness. The sandcastle embodies this spirit of goodness. The male and female characters in the works have experienced the process of psychological practice from focusing on themselves to eliminating others, finally realizing the responsibility, returning or turning to love for others, pursuing moral ethics and realizing the moral growth of self. The works thus fulfill the ideal realm that Rupert Murdoch, as a novelist and philosopher, hopes to achieve.

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