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Why Did The US Enter WWI

2015-08-21 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Report范文

这篇文章主要讲述了从19141918,世界第一次大战,美国一直保持中立国家,从中不断向欧洲的一些战争国家输出武器装备,如军舰和枪支等,从中谋取战争财富。文中后面还分析了从政治因素和战争利益因素,以及历史文化的各种综合因素影响下,美国是很难保持中立态度,后来开始参加了世界大战。

 World War I was a military conflict from 1914 to 1918. It began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 sparked the war. Senator George Norris of Nebraska felt that the United States remain neutral. In his speech, he stated that war only brought [prosperity to the stock gambler on Wallstreet.] It was not until three years after the assassination, that the United States declared war in April 16, 1917. The United States entered World War I with the Allies due to economic, social, and political conflicts. Economically, the United States entered the war by the increase of exports to Great Britain and France. Trade quadrupled from 1914 to 1917.

According to statistics, from 1914 to 1917, exports to Great Britain rose by about $1.5 billion dollars. Exports to France rose by about $500 million dollars. In 1914, Secretary of State, William Jennings Bryan, wrote a message to President Wilson saying that giving loans to the Allies would make the United States [all more difficult to maintain neutrality.] Despite Bryan’s message, by 1917 American banks loaned $2.3 billion dollars to the Allies and only $27 million to the Central Powers.

Politically, the United States “entered the war because of unrestricted submarine warfare from Germany that affected exports to Britain. In January 1917, President Wilson stated in his war message to Congress that [German submarine warfare against commerce is warfare against mankind.] On May 17, 1915, an Unterseaboat [German for submarine] sank the Lusitania, a British liner, killing 1,198 people, including 128 Americans. Two months later another U-boat sank another British liner, the Arabic, drowning two Americans. After these two liners sank, Germany agreed not to sink any more.

In March 1916, Germany broke its promise and torpedoed the Sussex (not sinking), a French passenger steamer killing 80 passengers, including Americans. Socially, the United States entered the war in response to the intercepted Zimmerman Note sent from Germany to Mexico in January 1917. The Zimmerman Note was the spark that ignited the fire that burned America’s neutrality. The telegram was an indirect invitation to Mexico to [reconquer lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.] Americans also felt connected to England because of common ancestry, language and literature, and similar legal systems.

There were allegations of industrial sabotage, poisoning water supplies, kidnapping individuals, and engaging in espionage within American labor unions by Germans to keep the United States busy on the home front. The rumors/propaganda, along with extensive submarine warfare, added to the distrust of the Germans. The United States entered World War I due to economic, political, and social contributes. Exports and loans to the Allies grew dramatically. The unrestricted submarine warfare enraged the United States and affected its economy. The Zimmerman Note, the feeling of being a cultural brother to Great Britain, and rumors triggered entrance to the war. These conflicts made American neutrality virtually impossible.

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