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Battle Of Saipan, Japan

2015-08-20 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Report范文

这边文章主要描述了塞班岛的战役的过程,通过二战与日军的艰苦战斗,也反映出了日军自杀式和威胁塞班岛居民胁迫作战的伪劣行径,侧面烘托了美国强大的军事,和明智的命令,从而赢得塞班岛的战斗,作为打击日本的奠基石。

Dawn came too early for the Japanese soldiers on the island of Saipan on June 15, 1944. Little did they know that within a few short hours, they would be in one of the most important battles of World War II with America. This battle lasted for nearly a month and produced tens of thousands of both civilian and military deaths. The Battle of Saipan, as it is called, was a turning point for American, and all Allied, forces during World War II. The capture of the island of Saipan, south of Japan and one of the Marianas Islands, was deemed important to the United States (US) for several reasons. Its location, in perspective to Japan, would provide more than sufficient locations for airstrips for the Army Air Corps newest invention, the B-29 bomber, and a center of command for the Navy’s Pacific Fleet. It was also believed to be a communications center for all of the Inner South Seas Empire of Japan. However, the most important reason being the US felt that a strike to one of the central bases would a crippling move to the Empire of Japan.

Under the command of Vice Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, the Marines were sent to overtake the island of Japan in Operation Forager. The first wave of soldiers hit at 8:40 A.M., local time. The Marine Corps 4th Division was charged with attacking the beachhead; however, they were not alone. Navy and Army airplanes provided air support along with heavy artillery fire from battleships off of the island. They were faced with a well fortified beachhead. Japanese artillery bombarded US soldiers and landing craft with pinpoint accuracy. The US forces were heading up a steep grade into Japanese machine gun fire. Over 2,000 soldiers lost their life landing on the beach (Breaching). On the night of the 15th the Japanese mounted a large counter attack; however, the Marines remained in control of Charan Kanoa beach. The Americans aimed on pushing all the way to the Phillipine Sea on the other end of the island. The Japanese did their best to hold back their positions. They had thousands suicide troops who would attack on command. Shortly before the command for one final suicide run took place for his troops, General Y. Saito, as is tradition, had one last meal with his friends and killed himself. The island was officially declared secure on July 9th, 1944, but it would take months to completely remove all of the Japanese forces hiding in shadow (World). The Marines in charge of clearing the countryside were in deeper than they knew.

Prior to the US invasions, the Japanese governments told the citizens of Saipan that if the US were to take the island, the women would get raped and kill their children. The simple citizens knew no better and believed what their leaders had said. Naturally, when the people saw US troops coming over the hill, they panicked. Over 5,000 civilians chose to commit suicide by jumping off of a cliff or holding a grenade. David Casteel, a veteran Marine from the Battle of Saipan, commented about this incredible sight, “You just didn’t let yourself go. A lot of young fellas let themselves go and they ended up in Section 8…the sanitarium.”

This war was costly to both armies. The Japanese lost over 29,000 troops, and the US lost over 3,000 troops. The victory over Saipan was incredible and a real turning point in World War II. The first landing strip on that side of the Pacific was at Isley Field in Saipan. Through accurate artillery, a strong military, and a wise command, the US won the Battle of Saipan and used it as a stepping stone to combat Japan.

Bibliography: Breaching the Marianas: The Battle for Saipan. Maxwell Air Force Base Resource. 12 Nov. 2002. David Casteel. Personal interview. 31 Oct. 2002. World War II: Events and Results. The History Channel. 7 Nov. 2002.

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