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CHOOSING THE RIGHT CAR TO BUY--论文代写范文精选

2015-10-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Report范文

51due论文代写网精选代写范文:“CHOOSING THE RIGHT CAR TO BUY”一般购买过程和学生之间的调查研究的结果,可以得出结论,并不是所有的因素同样重要,而不是每一个因素是不同组的人也同样重要。对于学生来说,最重要的问题是,阻止他们的选择范围主要是从小型轿车到轿车的经济状况。因此,学生并不需要想想都和每一个关心一般购买过程决定。对他们来说,他们只需要设立预算酒吧,并决定考虑和比较了要约和价格,他们可以找到合适的车买后毛坯类型的汽车。

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The researcher makes the following recommended steps for choosing a car to buy:

1. Firstly define their specific requirements for the car. These expectations can be categorized into 4 groups, for usage, for car performance, for personal preference, and for economy concern. First is about the size, capacity, and types of roads to drive on. Second is the performance and safety of cars. Some criteria include safety, reliability, comfort, fuel efficiency, transmission type, and even engine size. Thirdly, the economic concerns include the cost, trade-in price, and the ownership cost. And lastly, buyers still have some other flexible choices on appearance, environmental concern. One does not need to write it in great lengths, but make a short list will do.

2. For students, the most important concern in decision making is the budget. Work out a rough amount that indicates their affordability. This range would be transfer into a price range which helps them to narrow down cars to review. But students can take financing tools into consideration, such as dealership financing or direct lending.

3. Take other fees such as taxes, interest, fuel, insurance, and maintenance into consideration.

4. Make good use of tools provided by professional car introducing and dealing websites. For those who want to decide between a few new and used vehicles, what can really help is a comparison tool where you can see the current prices, specification, gas mileage and warranty side by side. The online comparison tools are very convenient.

The objective of this study was to provide information that would assist students in decision making when they buy a car for themselves. Three factors were analyzed:

1. Factors involved in general car buying decisions.
2. Students’ specification of cars.



CHOOSING THE RIGHT STUDENT CAR TO BUY
According to the U.S. National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) in 2001, less than 15 percent of students between the ages 5 and 15 walk to and from school in the United States. Another study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2003 found that only about 8 percent of students walk or bike to school and more than 77 percent are driven to school. In England, 61 percent of primary-aged children walked to school in 1992 to 1994. This number dropped to 52 percent in 2002 and 2003, while between 30 and 40 percent of students travel to school by car. (DTUK)

General Car Buying Process
There are articles like 10 steps to get a right car, How to choose the 'right' car existing online. All of them specify the processes of buying a car into 8 to 10 steps, but the considerations that necessary in a car selecting process are always the same, and these considerations can be mainly divided into three groups: for usage, for car performance, for personal preference, and for economy concern. After thorough consideration, homework lies in front for buyers is the calculation of payment.

Concerns of Buying
Firstly and essentially, people are always asked to concern what the car is really using for, which means to narrow down their true needs. In this category, varieties are the size, capacity, types of roads (what kind of road you will drive on; will you drive on the snow), and etc.

Second is the performance and safety of cars. Some criteria include safety, reliability, comfort, fuel efficiency (if good gas mileage is your priority, start with fuel economy ratings), transmission type, and even engine size. The reliability is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing a car. Not all cars are built equally well—some cars are proven to be very reliable while others are known for constant problems. Differences even occur within the same make and model, and certain model years could have more problems. Thus, one must check reliability ratings of different cars. As oils’ price pumps up, gasoline is a major expense for all drivers. Before choosing a car, checking its gas mileage and estimating annual fuel costs is necessary.

Thirdly, above all factors, economic concerns which include the cost, trade-in price, and the ownership cost can be the most important. Cars’ ownership costs are much different. Upscale cars will cost owner more in maintenance, parts and repairs as well as for the insurance and fuel. For those who are more calculative, their concern would be how to find out the car holding value long. Looking for a vehicle that will hold its value better, means the owner can get something for it when trading it in or selling it. Referring to samarins.com, a perfect range to spend on a used car is $7,000-$13,000. (Samarins)

Lastly, besides all practical thinking, there are other factors which could be more flexible, such the appearance (sportive, luxury), environmental concern, and the surface of the seat. Cars are the major source of pollution in nowadays society. Care for our living, one can compare environmental scores of different cars at EPA's Green Vehicle Guide. About the surface, that is also another long story. Leather seats feel colder in winter. Though cloth seats are more tolerable in cold or hot temperatures, they tend to absorb the smell.

Paying for the Car
Financing Options: dealership financing or direct lending. In direct lending, buyers get a loan directly from a bank, finance company, or credit union. In dealership financing one could get financing through the dealership, which means he/she and a dealer enter into a contract where to buy a vehicle and agree to pay, over a period of time, the amount financed plus a finance charge.

Making-ups of a Car Payment: taxes, insurance, monthly payment, interests (if one chooses to borrow from the bank), and finance charge (in the case when one is in dealership financing).

What one’s money can buy
Different amounts of budget limit people’s alternative of cars in their list. On a car forum (Samarins), the author suggests that budgets ranging from $20,000 to $5,000 can buy people decent used cars. (See Table 1)
Table 1. What one’s money can buy
$10,000-20,000 A nice 3-4 year old vehicle in good condition SUVs, pickup trucks and luxury cars are usually priced in the top portion of this range; family sedans are in the middle; small cars are at the lower end.
$5,000-10,000 An older vehicle with higher mileage ——
$5,000 A small or mid-size car A pickup truck or SUV with average driving of 15,000 miles
For people with a budget of $10,000-20,000, they can often find this type of vehicle under Certified Pre-owned program at a new car dealership, possible with some warranty. Dealers may have service records, so buyers can verify that the car was maintained regularly.
In the price range ($5,000-10,000) one more likely can find a vehicle sold by an independent used car dealership or a private owner; some new car dealers also may have a few cars within this price range on their lots.
Even if your budget is limited by $5,000, one still can find a decent car. Be prepared that a car for under $5,000 will need some repairs to keep it on the road. A car in this price range is typically sold privately or by independent used car dealers. (Samarins)
What We Learn from Surveys among Students
In the survey conducted by Studentawards.inc find that college students after first-year, spend significantly more monthly on their car (gas and maintenance) than the other categories hard liquor, than any other post-secondary student segment. (See Table 1)
Figure 1. Monthly Expenses for all student groups

(Studentaward.Inc)

This survey has also found that overall university students spend less money monthly than their college student counterparts. College students after first-year, spend significantly more monthly on their car (gas and maintenance), eating out - fast food/ takeout, wine, hard liquor, wireless service, music concerts, sports and recreation equipment, as well as shoes & accessories than any other post-secondary student segment.
Table 2. Average Monthly Spend Among All Students Who Spend Money in Each Category
Ctg. Sub-ctg. Average monthly spend ($)
Transportation
(158.6 $ average) Car (maintenance and gas) 126.5
Auto insurance 128.5
Roadside assistance 29.4
Public transportation 63.1
(Studentaward.Inc)

A difference in primary vehicle type is also observed when comparing age groups, although the statistical significance should not be considered reliable due to low cell counts. In an analyst report (Harnisch, and Hopkins,), similar to 2012, about half of Wyoming residents aged 18-24 and aged 75 and older primarily drive a car (44.9% and 56.6% respectively). Wyoming drivers who drive a pickup truck or SUV appear to decrease as age increases. (See Figure 2)
Figure 2. Type of vehicle driven most often by age ( 2013)
(WYSAC Technical Report No. SRC-1310)
Conclusions
In the results of research on general buying process and survey among students, it can be concluded that not all the factors are equally important, and not every factor is equally important for different group of people.

Herein, for students, the most important concern is the economic condition that deters their choice range mainly from small cars to sedans. Therefore, students do not need to think about all and every concern for decision in general buying process. For them, they just need to set up their budget bars and decide rough types of car in mind and after comparison over the offer and price they can find the right car to buy.



Works Cited

DTUK. Focus on Personal Travel. Statistics Travel. England: DTUK, 2005.

EPA, Agency, U.S. Environmental Protection. School Location and Student Travel: Analysis of Factors Affecting Development, Community, and Environment Division. Analysis Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2003.

Harnisch, and Hopkins,. Wyoming Drivers Survey. WYSAC Technical Report No. SRC-1310. Laramie: University of Wyoming, 2013.

NHTS. National Household Travel Survey. Research report. Washington D.C.: NHTS, 2003.


Samarins. samarins.com. 4 August 2013. 9 August 2014 .-M


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