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Children in Britain after World War II

2018-12-05 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Children in Britain after World War II,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了二战后英国的幼儿教育。自从第二次世界大战之后,英国政府经济陷入困境,幼儿教育设施严重不足,师资极端短缺,儿童在一起玩耍的院落大量消失。由于正规幼儿园数量非常少,大量幼儿没有条件接受幼儿园的正规教育,只能滞留家中,这既增加了每个家庭照顾和管理幼儿的成本,又不能保障管教质量。家长们开始寻找出路,力图解决这一问题。在家长们的主动努力下和教育管理部门的指导下,通过社区和教会的支持,英国开创了具有互助性质的幼儿游戏班运动。

Children's education,英国幼儿教育,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

The economy is very difficult and education facilities for young children are in serious shortage. Although Britain was one of the victors in the World War II, the years of war had weakened Britain greatly. The economic situation of Britain was greatly backward, and its status as the "workshop of the world" had disappeared. On the contrary, the war left the country in ruins. The bombed factories need rebuilding, the orphans need relief, the wounded soldiers need reassurance, and the country's economic situation is very difficult. Similarly, there is no money to purchase the facilities needed to restore children's education, and children's facilities damaged and abandoned by the war cannot be maintained. Children's education facilities are in serious shortage, which greatly restricts the recovery of children's education.

Preschool teachers are extremely scarce. Since all the people wanted to serve the war, the British government mobilized the whole nation and women were included in the wartime work. Some preschool teachers also joined the army to care for the wounded, or engaged in military production or logistics support work. Young teachers abandoned their jobs and even lost their lives during the war. The cultivation of preschool teachers was also affected by the war and was forced to stop. The campus of preschool normal university became a wartime hospital. Some male teachers conformed to the war, and other teachers also participated in the war in different positions. After the end of the war, although the majority of preschool teachers began to gradually return to the post of teachers, there are still some teachers because of sacrifice, disability, missing, over age and other reasons and can not return to the team, plus a few years before the normal university did not train new teachers, so the gap between preschool teachers is quite large, preschool teachers are extremely short.

The disappearance of traditional courtyards deprives children of the opportunity of collective play. Before World War II, Britain was an industrial country. In order to destroy British industry and British resistance, Germany sent planes to bomb many places in Britain. Although the targets of the bombing are important factories, airports, roads and so on, but nearby homes, family areas are difficult to survive, especially the fire caused by the bombing will spread around. The courtyard where the residents lived was badly damaged during the war. The courtyard is the main place for children to play games and the paradise for them to engage in group games freely. But now, the paradise is gone. After the war stopped, in order to save land and reduce construction costs, the newly built family houses were generally high-rise buildings. Children were separated and isolated in their own homes, and the courtyards that had played a cohesive role no longer existed. Children lost the places and opportunities for collective games.

After the World War II, the British government was in a very difficult economic situation. Education facilities for children were seriously inadequate and teachers were extremely scarce. The number of formal kindergartens is very small, a large number of children do not have the condition to accept the formal education kindergarten, can only stay at home. This not only increases the cost of each family to take care of and manage children, but also fails to guarantee the quality of discipline. Parents began to look for ways to solve the problem. Under the active efforts of parents, with the support of community and church, and under the guidance of education management department, the "children's playclass movement" with mutual assistance began to enter the historical stage. The movement has the following characteristics: the purpose of the activity is to provide children aged 2 to 5 with a place and opportunities for children to play; The activity place is generally borrows the adult club, the church, the old school and so on organization part of the house; The teachers and nurseries of the game class are generally undertaken voluntarily by the mother of the child. Everyone takes turns on duty, but the management personnel are mainly middle-class housewives who have received a certain education. The nursing time is 2-3 hours, once in the morning and once in the evening. When normal children's education could not meet the needs of the public, the children's game class played an emergency role and played a positive role in promoting the physical and mental health of thousands of children. Due to the rapid development of children's play class sports, social benefits are significant, the government has given full recognition and encouragement. Later, education management department also opened special courses for parents and game staff.

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