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Service functions of American higher education

2018-10-23 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Service functions of American higher education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国高等教育的服务职能美国的高校凭借自身的师资设备、技术优势服务于当地的经济建设,充分发挥了科技带头的作用。而且美国大学对周边社区也做出了贡献,它对社区的服务主要以教育培训、科学技术普及、和文化艺术开放等为主,各校根据自己的资源,充分发掘自己的服务优势,方式灵活多样。另外高校关注环保问题也成为体现高校社会服务职能的一个组成部分。

American higher education,美国高等教育的服务职能,assignment代写,作业代写,美国作业代写

The social service function of colleges and universities first appeared in the United States, which was confirmed by franklin's education practice long before the founding of the nation. Pennsylvania college, which he founded in 1755, embodied the characteristics of secularism, which was in contrast with the other eight colleges in the colony. In 1862, congress passed the morrell act, which provided a legal basis for the creation of social service functions in universities. In the early 20th century, the "Wisconsin idea" was accepted by society. In 1914, congress passed the smith-levo act, funding colleges and universities to disseminate practical information about agriculture and families. Since then, the service of colleges and universities has extended to other aspects and created many new service forms. With the development of The Times, scholars have been constantly exploring the theoretical aspects, including the Yale report, Newman's liberalism, hutchins' education, Kerr's function of university, etc., which all indicate that American colleges and universities assume more and more service functions for society.

American colleges and universities serve local economic construction with their own teaching equipment and technological advantages, and give full play to the role of science and technology taking the lead. If harvard and Yale represent the traditional American humanistic spirit, then Stanford is the symbol of the scientific and technological spirit of the 21st century. Back in 1995, Stanford university had more than 1,300 professors, including 10 Nobel laureates, five Pulitzer prize winners, and 142 national science laureates. It is with the support of these powerful technological forces that America's high-tech park, silicon valley, can be built next to it. So Stanford is the cradle of silicon valley.

American universities have also made contributions to the surrounding communities. Their services to the community mainly include education training, popularization of science and technology, opening of culture and art, community planning, etc. According to their own resources, various schools fully explore their service advantages, flexible and diverse ways. For example, due to the strong strength of the teachers' college, Columbia University mainly focuses on education training. M.I.T., with its expertise in science and technology, primarily serves the local community.

The concept of "lifelong education" is deeply held in the United States. People from all walks of life come to university not only for employment, but for lifelong development. At many famous universities, such as Harvard University, students come from a wide range of sources. Some come to cheer in the middle of their careers, while others go to college classes to broaden their horizons. American universities offer knowledge to them, schools have changed the age limit for admission, and some have developed special adult education. Dartmouth college, for example, has set up "alumni" universities, which offer courses to its early graduates to meet their special needs. In the 1980s, Harvard University put forward the slogan of "no wall university" to meet the needs of people from all walks of life.

Attention to environmental protection has also become an integral part of the social service function of colleges and universities. In 1991, when Neil rudenstine took over as President of Harvard University, he was put forward to school resources to solve the practical problems of modern life, he especially emphasized the importance of protecting the global environment. At Vanderbilt university, for example, there is special teaching on environmental engineering; Princeton offers courses in ecology; The university of Wisconsin has assisted 1,390 companies in tackling environmental pollution.

The national scientific and technological competitiveness is largely based on the scientific research innovation of the university, and the scientific research and innovation ability of the university comes from the academic potential of scholars and the dedication and pursuit of science. So content with university to make academics and students learning, love learning, even in the blundering social environment, universities should also consciously evoking and protection of scholars to the pursuit of learning interest and enthusiasm, make them without learning a variety of interests outside interference, content with a scholar in the lab, put energy into scientific development, so as to really shoulder the important task of scientific research and innovation.

Universities should devote themselves to the ideological and spiritual cultivation of college students, so that they have a sense of responsibility in such aspects as social responsibility and social integrity. There are still quite a few problems in China's universities at present. For example, we lack the awareness of energy conservation, environmental protection and arduous struggle for college students. Without understanding China's national conditions, our college students have not yet established an important understanding of energy conservation, environmental protection, arduous struggle and scientific development concept. Universities need to calm down in the noisy and fast-changing social environment and rethink the essence of education, and find effective ways to improve education from universities' own education and find students with both morality and talent required by the society.

The university must set a long-term goal in line with the law of university development according to its actual conditions and the development of its society. The conditions and conditions of China's institutions of higher learning vary, so different types and levels of institutions of higher learning may focus on their social functions. All schools should undertake social functions within their capacity in light of their actual conditions. On the one hand, undergraduate colleges should eliminate the phenomenon of competing with higher vocational colleges for students and running schools at a low level. On the other hand, higher vocational colleges must aim at the cultivation of practical and skilled talents, and do what they do and what they do not do. In short, universities of different educational attributes and levels should have a development orientation determined according to their own realistic foundation and local needs.

Adjust the teaching content and add some social practice courses to make college students apply what they have learned. In addition, for the service of adults, the energy invested by Chinese colleges and universities is far from enough to meet the needs of society, and adult higher education has not yet achieved scale. In fact, serving adults is the most direct way for education to serve society and serve the public. Therefore, when setting up education for adults, we should pay attention to designing a perfect teaching plan, developing education of multiple disciplines, levels, specifications and forms, and giving better play to the service function of universities.

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