代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

British justice of the peace

2018-10-23 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- British justice of the peace,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国的治安法官制度英国的治安法官由最初颇具行政色彩的地方官吏,历经变迁,逐步成长为具有现代化基层司法模式的典范,在英国当前基层司法中作用突出。在治安法官职能逐渐交由新设立的各级地方委员会行使,同时民事案件的管辖权也归入经改造后的郡法院行使,使得治安法官最终蜕变成为纯粹的司法官员。所以经过司法改革,治安法官的行政权随着一部分归入中央机关,一部分则由改革后新设的地方各级委员会行使而归于消灭。

justice of the peace,英国治安法官制度,assignment代写,essay代写,美国作业代写

English magistrates' justice of the peace has gradually grown into a model of modern basic judicial mode through vicissitude, which plays a prominent role in the current basic judicial system in Britain. The basic judicial mode in China is quite similar to that in the United Kingdom. Therefore, our country can draw on the British experience and carry out reform from the three aspects of judge separation, function differentiation and definition of basic judicial responsibility, so as to achieve the modern transformation of basic judicial mode.

The modern English justice of the peace originated in the term of a sheriff. Since the end of the 12th century, in order to curb social unrest, stabilize social order and maintain the stability of their rule, the dynastic rulers, on the basis of the original joint security system, appointed local knights to assist the sheriff to maintain public order, so as to make up for the deficiencies of the original mechanism, which was the origin of the public security maintainer. The four knights in each neighborhood are called vigilantes. It was originally temporary and did not form a fixed system, and its functions were mainly administrative and military. With the political situation and the relative stability of social security, while being endowed with the judicial power to judge felons, the appellation was changed to a justice of the peace, which first appeared in 1361. The first chapter of the Edward iii thirty-four act, enacted that year, gave magistrates the power to try felons, giving them the more respected title of "justice of the peace." The transformation of a magistrate into a justice of the peace brings not only a change of name, but more importantly a justice of the peace has a broader judicial function than the former. At the height of the development of the justice of the peace in the time of the tudors, Henry vii set out to use the support of the justice of the peace to maintain his rule and to give them a wider range of functions. In addition, the central government also promulgated a large number of criminal legislation to improve the status of magistrates, and by the 15th century, magistrates' organizations had become the most efficient and powerful judicial administrative organs in the local area. In the English judicial reform in the 19th century, with the enactment of the local government act of 1888, the administrative functions of magistrates were gradually transferred to the newly established local councils. At the same time, the jurisdiction of civil cases was relegated to the repurposed county courts, allowing magistrates to eventually degenerate into purely judicial officers. At the same time, the reform of the police system deprives the jurisdiction of the justice of the peace, makes the duty of the justice of the peace more focus on simple criminal cases, and the court of the peace composed of the justice of the peace has accordingly become the most basic jurisdiction court of criminal cases. To sum up, after judicial reform, the executive power of magistrates has been abolished as part of the central organs and part of the newly established local committees.

Faced with the administrative shrinking of the justices of the peace in the 19th-century reforms, maitland once said: "their prospects are bleak. If magistrates are deprived of the functions of government, will they continue to be judges?" Now it seems to us that the decline of the administrative function of magistrates has not made them incapacitated, but has made them more modern judges. They become a British judicial activities of physically, now in civil proceedings is not located in the British citizens often come into contact with the high court in London, but distributed around in public security court or the county court, they mainly deal with simple the trial of criminal cases, at the same time the magistrates in the case of pretrial plays an important role. Not only that, it also serves as a secondary duty for a royal court judge after a justice of the peace transfers the case to a superior court, the crown court. For the cases transferred and the cases from the magistrates' court, the magistrates are part of the royal court, a professional judge sitting with no less than two and no more than four amateur judges. In today's Britain, the justice of the peace has undoubtedly played a leading role in judicial practice, both in terms of the number of people and the number of cases handled. They come from the grassroots and act as the lowest-level adjudicators of cases in the UK.

Master the local knowledge that professional judges do not have, and can flexibly use universal concepts, local customs, moral concepts and social experience to flexibly handle disputes in the handling of simple cases. They mainly aim at solving disputes.

Scholars praise the value of justices of the peace. In the early 17th century, Lord justice kirk said, "the justice of the peace, if properly run, is unique in the entire Christian world." And Thomas Skyrme said: "no country can design a smarter, gentler system than the British justice of the peace system, using this more humane approach to rule people." Based on the fact that justices of the peace take on more than 97 percent of criminal cases in summary or pretrial trials, some scholars say, "if the British criminal justice system were supported only by professional judges, it would be immediately paralyzed." The justice of the peace system, with its unique nature and composition structure, has become a mediator between the central royal power and the local noble autonomy in the UK. To some extent, it not only monitors the royal power, but also guarantees the local independence to a large extent, thus forming the distinctive local autonomy rule in the UK. At the same time, it also provides a reference for maintaining fairness and justice in a broader sense and achieving "justice seen by people". Justice of the peace handles the case fast and convenient, also for the modern society low cost high efficiency judicial mode construction "gives advice".

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创assignment代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有assignment代写、paper代写、essay代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的assignment代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多assignment代写范文 提供美国作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇:Service functions of American 下一篇:Software defined network