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The difference between Chinese and British primary education systems

2019-04-22 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The difference between Chinese and British primary education systems,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中国和英国小学教育制度差异。英国作为西方国家,其小学教育体制具有明显的开放性。在小学教育阶段,从知识面与基本功来看,中国的小学生明显强于英国以及西方国家的学生。但到了大学、研究生阶段,当很多成绩不是靠勤奋所能达到的时候,中国学生的优势已不复存在。究其原因,是两种教育理念的不同造成的。

Chinese and British primary education,中国和英国小学教育制度,essay代写,作业代写,代写

British children begin to receive preschool education when they are 3-4 years old, which is equivalent to the kindergarten education in China. Primary schools in England, wales and Northern Ireland, like those in China, have six years of schooling, but their children start school at the age of five, take the Key Stage 1 exam at seven and the Key Stage 2 exam at 11 and complete primary education. Most Chinese children are between 6 and 7 years old when they enter school. After 6 years of education, they enter middle school. China and Britain have basically the same number of years of primary school education, but their education systems and modes are quite different.

The concept of primary education in China is quite different from that in the UK. Chinese students are always afraid when accepting new things. Compared with British students, they are less creative. Whether it is homework answers, design reports, mid-term and final exams, Chinese education pays more attention to the standardization of answers and the level of scores. However, British primary education attaches great importance to students' practical ability and creative thinking in practice. This is also the fundamental difference between Chinese and western education.

Chinese primary school students tend to have good memory and basic math skills, which are also honed by Chinese students in the exam-oriented education environment, which makes children have a lot of pressure from primary school. However, primary education in the UK requires students to participate, practice and cooperate. Many courses in primary schools in the UK arrange teaching activities of case study and combined cooperative learning. Teachers often think and do things together with students in class, and do heuristic learning. Therefore, British primary education has changed from passive learning to active learning, and the learning situation and attitude are quite different from those in China.

In addition, in the British primary school class, children learn more free and relaxed. This is caused by the history and culture of the UK. Under the influence of this culture, children's learning is autonomous and learning is their own business. How to learn? What do you learn? Teachers and parents only play a guiding role, the rest is the primary school students themselves. Therefore, the British primary school education system attaches more importance to the overall development of students and the cultivation of students' cooperative spirit, while the Chinese students attach more importance to the examination results and self-development, with a weak sense of teamwork.

Most schools are public schools with relatively strict management. Parents pay attention to their children's academic performance when they are in primary school. Besides, there is a big difference in Chinese middle schools. As a result, Chinese students are burdened with academic achievements and the pressure of entering higher education from primary school. Students in school from an early age to do a "good student", freedom is not high.

British primary schools are divided into private, public and church primary schools, which have little difference and boundary in education system and source of students. St Paul's, for example, is a church-run school, but it also admits students from non-religious and non-christian backgrounds, and the proportion of these students is increasing year by year. The proportion of religious content in the school curriculum is also relatively small, focusing on the cultivation of habits and moral character such as equality, tolerance, punctuality and honesty.

The openness of British primary schools is also reflected in the external communication, especially the communication with other schools, which is full of diversity. They will have communication activities with other schools every week, with various forms, such as mutual visits to the campus, ball games, group interaction and picnics. This way not only cultivates the social ability of primary school students, but also gives students the opportunity to contact the society in advance.

In addition, because of the complete higher education system in the UK, many overseas students and scholars come to the UK every year to study and visit, and their children study in local schools. Through this convenient conditions, the school often invites international students or scholars to lecture for the children, the content including the humanistic environment and regional culture of other countries, in this way, greatly broaden the children's field of vision, enrich their mind, to create a colorful world, in order to improve the students' creative ability, laid the foundation.

Have a high degree of British primary school free, mainly manifested in two aspects: one is the school has a lot of autonomy, the school is not restricted by the syllabus rules, each school had are free of course, so different schools have their own characteristics, the school can be on the advice of the term progress, parents, the condition of sudden events such as adjust the teaching content, teaching arrangement and teaching methods, thus has great flexibility. Second, students have a lot of freedom. The freedom that British schoolchildren are given can stimulate interest in learning by satisfying their curiosity. Students can bring their favorite toys, pets and small inventions to school and then share them with teachers and classmates. In addition, British students can leave school at any time to travel with their parents, which is also regarded as an essential part of the growth process of students by the school, which attaches great importance to the social education during the growth process of students. Therefore, there are few classes in British schools where all the classmates get together. Every student will show the photos he/she took and exchange his/her own information after returning from the trip. In this way, students' horizon and communication skills are greatly improved.

British primary education attaches great importance to the cultivation of the spirit of teamwork. When students are in class, they will discuss some difficult problems together and everyone's opinions will be adopted. In addition, British primary schools have more PE class time, and many sports games are the best way to cultivate the spirit of team cooperation. Every student will participate in the sports meeting, no matter it is a competition or other activities, they will work together as a team and have a good team spirit.

In China, the stage of primary education is very vague, most schools are roughly divided into pre-school and pre-school classes. Once children are formally enrolled in school, they are expected to follow a step-by-step learning process, bear certain learning pressure, and improve the difficulty of the courses on this basis. Therefore, Chinese primary education focuses on learning, and does not value children's ability characteristics and potential development in primary school. The British elementary education according to the characters of children grow up, can be divided into three stages: the first stage is called the kindergarten stage, children from the age of three, four, give priority to in order to play, to learn to play, play in the process of cultivating children's hands and brain capacity, and fully adapt to the primary school learning environment, to better transition to the next phase of the study. The second stage is equivalent to the first to the third grade in China. In this stage, students still have no academic pressure, the class content is mostly interesting, and there is little or no homework. The third stage is from the third to the sixth grade, the course difficulty increases, but the subject is not many, after finishing enters the middle school.

The school hours in China are generally from 8:00 am to 11:30 am, and from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM. British primary schools are open from 9am to 3pm and do not go home at noon. Chinese primary schools take 40 minutes for each lesson, while British primary schools take 25-30 minutes.

The classroom environment in China is almost the same. British primary school classrooms are about the same size as ours, but they are decorated in a variety of ways. The walls of the classrooms, the doors of the classrooms and even the ceilings are covered or hung with colorful pictures, learning materials, patterns and various molds. We can also see from the layout of the classroom, the British primary school education to create maximum to cultivate students divergent thinking environment, so that students have practical hands, create their own conditions, as well as the encouragement of this kind of creation.

Primary education in China and the United Kingdom are both class-based, but primary school classes in China are "large class system", with a large number of students. In class, students must observe discipline and are not allowed to talk, walk around and so on. The English classroom atmosphere is very lively and relaxed. British education administrators believe that children are citizens first and then students, so the status between teachers and students is completely equal. In class, students can ask questions at any time, and no matter what kind of questions students ask, teachers should encourage and praise students, and give answers.

The primary school curriculum in China is designed to gradually increase the curriculum and difficulty for different grades, while the British primary school curriculum is easier and easier. Especially the primary school mathematics study, regardless of difficulty and the depth is very different with our country. Their main courses are mathematics, English, for sports, art, music, they arranged the school time is much higher than our country, pay attention to the development of students in many aspects. If it is a church school, it will arrange religious subjects. China will English as the national primary school students must learn foreign language subjects, and British primary schools can learn more kinds of foreign languages, there is no requirement for a certain kind of foreign language learning, often according to the school's foreign language teacher conditions. In addition to the subjects stipulated by the state, British primary schools have great autonomy in the selection and setting of other courses. They reduce the knowledge difficulty of main courses and pay attention to the cultivation of students' independent learning ability and the spirit of creation and inquiry. In class, students are free to ask questions, express their own ideas, and exchange and discuss with classmates, which will inevitably improve students' personality development, cultivate students' independent consciousness and practical ability. However, Chinese primary school curriculum emphasizes knowledge-centered learning and puts knowledge learning in the first place, which restricts the expansion of students' thinking and the cultivation of their creative ability.

Chinese primary schools have fixed classes and fixed seating. Most classes are lectured and students have little time for discussion. In British primary schools, children do not have fixed seats and most classes are dominated by discussions. The students sit on the floor. Each classroom has a white board and several computers. British primary schools do not use any teaching materials in class. After the teachers explain, they give students loose sheets to practice, and then make different explanations and exercises according to the learning speed of different students. Teachers pay the most attention to the actual participation of students, and students usually participate in each class for more than half of the total time. In addition to classroom interaction, each course requires students to make a speech or give their own speech or experience after a small unit of teaching. British primary school teachers attach great importance to the cultivation of students' specialties and spirit of inquiry, encourage students to invent and make small inventions, and encourage students to freely choose topics and give play to their ideas.

China's evaluation of primary education is based on the unified examination of the teaching syllabus, but China's primary education in the promotion of management to abolish the system of repeat, that is, regardless of grades, 6 years of primary education. British primary schools have implemented the new syllabus since 1999, and each course has its own specific standards. Specific as follows: at the end of the first stage of primary school and the end of the second stage, according to the outline of the implementation of the national unified examination, each school 11 years old that unified examination results to be published in the major media rankings. The subject that unified exam is English, maths and science, highest achievement is 6 minutes, lowest achievement is 4 minutes, 3 minutes are below fail. The standard that each grade of primary school that outline specifies must achieve is: grade one achieves level 1 or level 2; Second grade must reach level 2; Grade 2 or 3 in the third grade; Fourth grade must reach level 3; Grade 3 or 4 in grade 5; Grade six must reach grade four. Through this evaluation system, the comprehensive ability of students is improved, which is quite different from the exam-oriented evaluation in China.

As a western country, Britain is more open-minded than us. Its primary education system is also obviously open. In the stage of primary education, Chinese primary school students are obviously stronger than British and western students in terms of knowledge and basic skills. Chinese pupils in British primary schools are at the top of their class in all subjects, but by the time they get to university and graduate school, when many of their grades are not achieved by hard work, the advantage of Chinese students is gone. The reason is the difference between the two educational concepts. British primary schools are based on the constructivism theory. They focus on students' independent learning, spontaneous learning and interest learning. But our country USES the teaching method and so on explanation, demonstration, carries on the knowledge infusion to the student, cannot strengthen the student thought inevitably the divergence.

As an educational system and concept, we cannot blindly copy the educational mode of western countries due to our different population, social system, family education mode, economic conditions and cultural background. We can only explore and improve it on the basis of our own shortcomings.

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