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A state college in the United States

2019-03-18 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- A state college in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的州立学院。美国是我州立学院在教育领域享有举足轻重的地位,其宗旨是增进人们对高等教育的理解,对协会成员机构独特贡献的赞赏和支持。另外,美国的州立学院鼓励成员机构培养全球化时代富有竞争力的学生,倡导联邦层面的有效公共政策,分析州一级的政策,以此更好地为成员机构和学生服务。

state college,美国州立学院,essay代写,作业代写,代写

The history of the establishment of American state colleges can be traced back to before the war of independence. After the war of independence, private schools were not competent to train enough teachers, and the training effect could not meet the actual requirements. Therefore, the state government established or supported the normal schools, training bases and other emerging. The great depression of 1929-1933, the World War II, the great changes after the war and a series of other events had a profound impact on the state colleges and universities in the United States, and promoted the changes in the scale of schooling, training purposes, professional disciplines and other fields. State university systems and higher education coordinators increasingly centralize tuition, facilities, admission standards, and programs. To facilitate communication and exchange, the governing and coordinating bodies of state colleges and universities tend to unite to discuss current or future issues and related policies.

In this context, in 1961, the American association of state colleges and universities was established as a national coordinating body. The association of state colleges and universities was founded on a number of favorable factors. In 1962, the association of state colleges and universities opened its first office, with Walter Hager as part-time executive secretary. When Lyndon Johnson became President in 1963, he pushed through many education laws. In 1964, Allan w. Ostar was elected the first full-time executive director of the association of state colleges and universities and later its President. The Civil Rights Act of the same year prohibits discrimination in educational activities and employment. In 1965, the higher education act, one of the most important laws in the great society movement, was signed and passed in Southwest Texas State University, which expanded the federal assistance for higher education and supported the increase of educational opportunities for Americans.

In the 1970s, state colleges and university associations began to play an increasingly important role not only in the United States but also in other countries. In 1971, then-senator Wayne l. Morse Commission of Oregon played an active role in strengthening emerging state colleges and universities in the United States. In 1972, the association of state colleges and universities established a center in the Pueblo region of Mexico, and there were many similar programs in the following years. The state association of colleges and universities also presented the first distinguished alumni award to lyndon Johnson. In 1975, the Association of state colleges and universities became the first American higher Education Association to visit China and led to the establishment of the China Education Association for International Exchange in 1981.

In 1979, the United States established the federal department of education in response to the concentration of educational administration. In line with the federal Education department's policy of strengthening university research, the state colleges and university associations have established a Task Force on Excellence in Education to help member institutions improve their teaching. In 1985, the association of state colleges and universities published a study in minority higher education that was frequently cited in the media and mentioned by policy makers in subsequent years.

In 1991, James b. appleberry became the second President of the association of state colleges and universities, developing the first strategic plan. In 1999, Deno Curris became the third President of the association of state colleges and universities, which launched the Millennium Leadership Initiative.

In the 21st century, the activities of state colleges and university associations are more closely related to government strategies. In 2000, the association of state colleges and universities set up a task force on public participation, focusing on institutionalizing public participation through universities. In 2002, the state college worked with the association of universities and the China association for international education to develop training programs for university administrators. In 2003, the association of state colleges and universities partnered with the New York times on the American Democracy Project. In 2008, the bush administration passed the higher education opportunity act. After Obama took office, the veterans education assistance act was passed, which expanded the assistance provided by colleges and universities to veterans since September 2001. More and more veterans have become the service objects of the association.

At present, members of the association of state colleges and universities are scattered throughout the United States, including Guam, Puerto Rico and the United States virgin islands. More than 400 member institutions, ranging in size from less than 1,000 to 47,000, are located in suburbs, towns and rural areas. These state colleges and universities are public schools in nature. The lower fees and flexibility of state institutions attract the vast majority of higher education entrants. Ii. Establishment and specific operation of the institution

The current President of the association of state colleges and universities, Muriel a. Howard, is the association's first African-American and first female President. The governing bodies of state colleges and universities include boards, committees, and management departments. The association, which is based in Washington, d.c., holds its annual meeting in the fall to elect a board of directors. Deborah f. Stanley is currently chair of the board and George e. Ross is treasurer. The commission is responsible for economic and Labour development, international education, professional development, sustainable development, teacher education and undergraduate education. The association of state colleges and universities has seven administrative departments responsible for assisting the President and the committee in implementing policies and tasks. Among them, the Division of Academic Leadership and Change's main task is to provide personalized education according to the different needs of students and devote itself to improving the graduation rate of students. The function of the department of government relations and policy analysis is to maintain good relations with important domestic government departments, especially the congress, pay attention to the trend of education policy, and timely convey information to members; The administration and finance department provides resource support, including finance, facilities, human resources, information technology services, etc. Public purpose, a publication of the association of state colleges and universities, sets up a national BBS with a strong emphasis on membership, clarifies the contribution of public higher education, and features and timely commentary and analysis columns. In addition to addressing higher education issues and focusing on stakeholders, state college and university associations have established divisions of Communications to provide technical support.

The purpose of the association of state colleges and universities is to increase understanding of higher education and to increase appreciation and support for the unique contributions of its members; To encourage member institutions to train competitive students in the age of globalization; Advocate effective public policy at the federal level and analyze policies at the state level to better serve member institutions and students; To provide consultation and guidance for the formulation of policies and programs, improve students' academic literacy, promote the improvement of regional management and economic progress, and promote educational innovation; Create career development opportunities and systematically cultivate new leaders who are conducive to educational innovation.

The policy agenda of the association of state colleges and universities focuses on four principles: making higher education affordable for students regardless of their economic background; All willing students should have access to higher education regardless of their ethnic background; Public colleges and universities should be open and transparent about how they use the funds they receive and how they communicate with the public. The competition among public institutions of higher education should contribute to the development of modern knowledge economy, the globalization of the country and the enhancement of economic competitiveness.

The association of state colleges and universities is committed to serving all citizens and bringing more districts into the service of higher education. In the United States, the association of state colleges and universities has 420 member institutions in 50 states. The association works to improve the lives of communities and citizens across the country by fulfilling its commitment as America's education administrator to participate in education and other public works and to meet expectations of public universities.

State colleges and university associations earn more than $10 million a year from dues, government grants, conferences and seminars. For example, in 2016, the total revenue of the association was $14,955,215, including $6,286,174 in membership fees, $4,915,213 in contracts and grants, $1,424,297 in conferences and seminars, $688,643 in sponsorships and donations, $454,404 in net investment income, and $1,194,848 in other income.

As for spending, the state college and university association allocates funds according to the annual budget. For example, in 2016, the total expenditure of the association was $15,272,364, including $588,033 for occupation expenses, $138,328 for printing and publishing expenses, $1,317,898 for conferences and seminars, $918,499 for travel expenses and $12,309,606 for other expenses.

The activities organized by the association of state colleges and universities fall into two categories: political activities and professional activities. Political activities are mainly at the policy-making level, and there are generally two forms of participation: the first is the lobbying against the legislative and executive bodies; The second is for the judicial institutions, through the "friends of the court" system, as "friends of the court" to the court to submit a written statement, using the written statement to clarify their views, the judge's decision.

The purpose of professional activities is to improve the teaching level of members and increase the educational opportunities of students. For example, re-imagining the First Year of College, which is organized by the state College and university association, is a three-year state College and university scheme that combines a $1.5 million grant from the bill and Melinda gates foundation and a $328,000 grant from the United States foundation, in cooperation with 44 associations and organizations from across the country. Launched in February 2016, the program aims to identify and test a range of programs that use a variety of strategies and tools to increase retention and promote the success of first-year college students.

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