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Cyber security in the UK

2019-03-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Cyber security in the UK,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国的网络信息安全。为了应对日益严峻的网络安全问题,英国先后出台两份网络信息安全战略的重要文件,旨在降低网络空间风险、抓住网络发展机遇、提升政府对网络安全事件的反应能力等方面做出规划。不断提高国家的网络安全水平,通过营造良好的网络安全环境来保障英国的商业活力和经济增长。

Cyber security,英国网络信息安全,essay代写,作业代写,代写

Since entering the information age, network information security has gradually become an important part of national security, which is related to the stability of national sovereignty and the development of social economy. Britain as informatization level is one of the most developed country in the world, and its social and economic life is highly dependent on the Internet, as the situation of information security is becoming increasingly serious, in the face of growing cyber attacks and threats, the British government to realize the network information safety for the important role of national security and economic and social development, constantly strengthen the specification of network space, control activities, tries to strengthen the accountability of the network information security for British business economic development to create a good investment and operating environment, the network information safety accountability.

The three R Internet security rules are implemented in a coordinated manner from the following three aspects: classification, reporting, and responsibility. The UK has set up a cyber security foundation to deal with illegal online information and to support the development of a system for classifying online content. Provide a legal identity for the legal content published on the network, indicating whether the daily published information content is illegal and what kind of illegal content. A special hotline is set up for the public to report illegal content and information harmful to society on the Internet. Citizens can report by phone, mail, fax and other means, and the report will be immediately converted into a standard form and forwarded to the institutions and departments directly providing services. The network foundation shall verify the report content with standardized grading standards, and reply the test results to the informant, notify the party concerned to revoke the information, and contact the police service center responsible for handling criminal cases nationwide if the situation is serious.

In order to deal with the increasingly serious network security issues, the UK has issued two important documents of network information security strategy. In 2009, the UK first published the national cyber information security strategy document -- UK cyber information security strategy. The document states that the UK government will set up two new cyber security departments - the cyber security office and cyber security operations centre. The OCS is responsible for handling various government policies on network security, and the CSOCA is responsible for coordinating the important computer security protection work between the government and private institutions. The strategy focuses on reducing risks in cyberspace, seizing opportunities for network development, and improving the government's ability to respond to cyber security incidents. In November 2011, the British government has issued a new network information security strategy document - 2012 network information security strategy, said it would establish a more credible and more flexible digital environment to promote economic prosperity, puts forward the UK is facing network security attacks from other countries and the threat of cyber crime, so the government should constantly improve the level of national network security, through creating a favorable environment for network security safeguard British business vitality and economic growth. It stressed the need to promote economic prosperity through cyber security. In addition, it should work with the international community to form international cyber security norms, establish confidence-building mechanisms and reduce cyber risks.

The UK government introduced the new Data Protection Act in 1998 and it came into effect on March 1, 2000. The law makes normative requirements on the use, storage and management of personal data and certain sensitive data, which not only strengthens individual rights, but also safeguards personal privacy and security. The act requires data controllers to follow the following principles: personal data must be handled in accordance with legitimate channels and procedures; The acquisition of personal data must have a clear legal purpose, without the permission of the data subject, the use and disclosure of personal data is illegal behavior; Personal data shall be kept in full compliance with relevant principles and shall not exceed the agreed purpose and scope of disposal; Keep personal information accurate and update data as necessary; Fifth, the retention time of personal data disposed for a certain purpose shall not exceed the time required for the agreed purpose. Britain's data protection law not only gives citizens the right to enjoy personal information security, but also emphasizes that citizens must fulfill the obligation of not damaging and disclosing the illegal use of others' personal data information. This has played a positive role in protecting citizens' personal privacy from invasion and maintaining the stability of network information security order.

Britain is more transparent about information security than the United States, which is an information power. Because Britain lacks powerful information technology enterprises, most of the electronic products purchased by the government need to be imported from abroad. In order to ensure national information security, the UK explored and established a source code review and custody system for information products purchased by the public sector. In the UK, responsible for the information source code review and security certification is the electronic communication security group, known as the information assurance capability department in the UK. Some commercial organizations recognized by CESG can help CESG to carry out some specific testing work. Often source code reviews need to be refined to different businesses, with separate reviews for different customers and information products. In the UK, critical information infrastructure entering the government and public sector is subject to source code review before it can provide information products and services to the government and public sector. At present, Britain has established a relatively complete source code review and safety certification operation process. Equipment manufacturers need to apply to CESG, submit source code and executable code, and CESG will assess the safety level of products after strict review.

Britain is a constitutional country with a strong tradition of liberalism. The government has an inevitable responsibility to regulate and regulate the Internet space. The network information security supervision in Britain combines the government, industry, national security department and the public, which is a model of industry autonomy under the guidance of the government. The government's control over network information security mainly involves Internet security, child pornography, personal information and privacy protection, and network crime, and many security agencies have been set up in different fields. In 2003, the British government set up the office of communications to take charge of the security maintenance and content control of network information, promote the establishment of a network system based on hierarchical authentication and information filtering, and guide network end users to select network content correctly and safely. The various agencies work independently and cooperate with each other, and actively carry out cooperation and exchanges with eu countries. In 2016, British chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond proposed that the British government would invest $1.9 billion in the next five years to build a "world-class" Internet security, which would provide a strong response to the cyber attacks and threats against the UK.

The British network security management has the characteristics of light government regulation, heavy industry self-discipline, has been implementing the "supervision rather than monitoring" concept, mainly rely on industry organizations to play a role rather than mandatory government behavior. In 1996, with the encouragement of the government, Internet service providers in the UK set up the netwatch foundation. The main work of the foundation is to supervise the illegal and immoral behaviors of the Internet users, and to assist the ministry of industry and trade, the home office and the city police in solving the problems of Internet violations and crimes. Its management principles include: all laws applicable to other media, such as criminal law, public order law, obscene publications law, etc., are applicable to Internet security management; Second, the identification of illegal online content mainly refers to the content of child pornography. The classification identification and labeling system should be adopted for the undesirable information that is not child pornography but can arouse users' disgust, and users' personal wishes should be respected. The basis for the supervision and management of the foundation is mainly from the "three R Internet security rules" agreement. In addition, the foundation has independently formulated the code of conduct for practitioners, which is jointly promulgated by the association of Internet service providers, London Internet exchange platform and the security network fund. The British government also attaches great importance to the cooperation with the private sector, plays the role of academic research institutions, and encourages people from all walks of life to participate in the action of network security protection.

With 70 per cent of households in the UK now using the Internet, the general public also plays an important role in securing online information. Through diversified education, the British government improves the awareness of network security and supervision of Internet users, and encourages citizens to actively participate in network security management activities. Netizens can report illegal online content through hotline calls, emails and faxes. The foundation evaluates and tests the content of the complaint. Once the content is confirmed to be illegal, the foundation locates the information release source through the network address, transfers it to the corresponding law enforcement agency for processing, and notifies the Internet service provider to cancel the illegal content. In addition, the news media has also played a strong role in the supervision of public opinion in the maintenance of network information security. The British constitution stipulates that the news media has a relatively independent status, which guarantees its supervisory role. News media expose and expose online crimes and disciplinary violations, suppress evil and promote good, so as to serve as a warning to the public. In addition, the news media also provide an effective way for the government to publicize the national network information security strategy, information security laws and regulations and policies, and help citizens timely and accurately understand the national policies and guidelines in a certain period of time.

The enlightenment of the UK's practice in network information security accountability to China's network security accountability is reflected in the following aspects.

Every member of society is influenced by various ideological cultures. The successful practice of accountability system in western countries is inseparable from its traditional cultural atmosphere of freedom and democracy, which has a strong culture of accountability. China once had more than two thousand years of feudal autocratic history, the consciousness of democratic freedom and accountability started late. Facing the rapid development of information network society changes, information explosion and network security environment is becoming more and more complicated today, Chinese citizens are still lack of effective maintenance of their own information security, to deal with the network threat awareness culture. In the face of information fraud, personal privacy disclosure and online crimes, it is difficult for many citizens to protect their rights and interests through the most direct and effective ways. Therefore, the guidance of this security awareness needs the joint efforts of the whole society, especially the conscious propaganda and education from the level of national governance.

The UK's network information security accountability does not rely on the government alone, but combines various mechanisms. It is a network management involving complex interest games and multiple value target selection, and it is also a mode with high coordination between the government and the private sector. Belong to one-party state in China, the government has considerable power, government management involves all aspects of social life, so in the field of network space, the function of government is greater than that of other social organizations, in China there is no set up diversified network security supervision main body, most network safety accountability also is only internal government accountability and social participation in western countries is low, form a diversified accountability network information security information security, which is a kind of accountability mature performance. Therefore, to improve China's network information security accountability, we must gradually establish an accountability system based on public opinion and public opinion, dominated by the supervision of the National People's Congress, and involving and cooperating with other state organs, news media and social organizations.

To ensure the effective implementation of network security accountability is the premise of legislation first, only in the premise of improving laws and regulations can provide effective standardized measures and operational procedures for network information security protection. China's network information security legislation mainly includes network security law, Internet information search service management, Internet and civil disputes applicable law, public service network and information system security management, etc. Therefore, China should gradually establish specific laws and regulations on network information security accountability, and clarify the subject, object, content, procedure and consequences of network security management in the form of laws. The establishment of a reasonable, accurate and orderly network security legal system, so that the network security management can be law-based, illegal will be prosecuted, to create a healthy and safe network environment.

From the national level, the UK has effectively guaranteed the information security of the country by establishing a complete set of systems to implement a comprehensive security review of IT products and services purchased by the government. At present, with the rapid development of information globalization, network security risks are gradually increasing, and the implementation of security review is of great importance to the protection of national information. Source code review is an important part of information security review, China has begun to implement the security review system. Therefore, it is necessary for China to perfect the strict examination and hosting of the source code of infrastructure products. Through code extraction, audit, certification and other ways, to establish a complete, transparent, reasonable review mechanism. In particular, IT products within the government and those adopted by national key infrastructure should be strictly examined and risk prevention should be carried out.

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