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Chinese immigrants and German immigrants in the United States

2018-12-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Chinese immigrants and German immigrants in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的华裔移民和德意志移民。在美国的所有移民团体中,华裔移民和德意志移民是文化属性决然不同却又同样光彩夺目的两类人群。由于文化传统和客观现实的影响,两者融入美国的过程和对美国文化产生的影响都有着不同的特性。华裔移民和德意志移民,在经济发展上同时为美国经济做着自身的贡献,一个改善了交通,另一个发展了农业;在政治参与上二者积极维护着自身的利益,促进着美国民主制度的发展,极大的推动和丰富了美国这个多元国家。

Chinese immigrants,German immigrants,essay代写,作业代写,代写

Among all the immigrant groups in the United States, Chinese immigrants and German immigrants are two groups with absolutely different cultural attributes but equally brilliant. Due to the influence of cultural tradition and objective reality, the process of their integration into the United States and their influence on American culture have different characteristics. With the development of The Times and the improvement of the social status of the two kinds of immigrants, German immigrants and Chinese immigrants are playing an increasingly important role in American society. This paper analyzes from two aspects of economic activities and political participation, explores the differences between Chinese and German immigrants, and then studies their contributions to the pluralistic society of the United States, which is undoubtedly a difficult part of exploring the social development of the United States.

In terms of economy, immigrants from the two countries play different roles in promoting the development of the United States. German immigrants are the main force in the development of agriculture in the Midwest, and have a decisive impact on agriculture. There are different reasons for this outcome, but they all lead to the same goal, both of which are stimulants of America's economic boom.

The first group of Chinese came to the United States in the 19th century. They lived a miserable life at home and came to the United States during the "gold rush". The vast majority of them have low educational level and can only make a living by coolie. After landing on the west coast of the United States, most people were called up to build the western section of the union Pacific. The Pacific railway was divided into two sections, east and west, and the east was mostly plain. White men were hired to build it, and it went very well. In the east, it passes through the sierra mountains of California and Nevada. The mountains are very high, the geology and mine are complex, and the construction conditions are very bad. Two years of construction began, and less than 80 kilometers of railways were laid. White men, black men, prisoners of war, prisoners of labor could not speed up the building process. And Chinese workers have put such difficult and complex project done extremely well, governor Leland Stanford had report said: "in order to solve the problem of the sierra Nevada mountains engineering stagnation, we employ a number of Chinese workers, in terms of labor class, they calm and quiet, in addition, they are very hardworking, endurance is much better than other ethnic groups. The ability of these Chinese to learn was amazing. They soon learned the professional skills needed for future railway construction. They are also the most economical in terms of wages.

The traditional route of German immigrants to the United States enabled generations of German immigrants to settle in the vast Midwest, mainly in present-day Wisconsin and Minnesota, along the Mississippi River after arriving in New Orleans by boat. They used money other than travel expenses to buy land, buy farm tools, began the initial agricultural production, with advanced production technology, rich experience in planting and thrifty work style, quickly in the economic prosperity.

Due to the influence of cultural tradition and national character, German immigrants and Chinese immigrants have different characteristics in participating in politics. As the largest ethnic group of immigrants, the former has been wooed by the vote-conscious Democratic Party since arriving in the American continent and participated in American political life early. However, a small number of Chinese immigrants have kept a distance from politics due to their reserved and low-key nationality and policy restrictions. Until the second and third generations of Chinese Americans were born in the United States, more and more Chinese were able to exert themselves in politics.

According to statistics, in the 70 years from 1820 to 1890 alone, there were 4,359,121 registered German immigrants to the United States, accounting for the largest number of immigrants of any country. At that time, in the eyes of Democrats, the number of people represented the vote, so many democratic leaders took good care of German immigrants. The priority purchase act introduced by Democrats in 1830 helped more dowds to acquire land in the west. The Germans, in turn, rewarded the Democrats with their votes, sending candidates Jackson, van buren, polk and Pierce to the presidency. As slavery caused the contradiction increasingly do not adjust, differentiation of Democratic Party, the Democratic Party of people, the whigs, and constitute the know the republicans, because German immigrants disgruntled Democrats support the idea of slavery, coupled with the republican Abraham Lincoln through the acquisition of German newspapers such as unity the German immigrants constantly, making a large number of German support Lincoln in the election, and in the civil war, support the federal at that time a total of 176817 German federal troops, the German forces to full play in the civil war a military tradition of German soldiers and military technology, Played a decisive role in the victory of the civil war. Confederate Robert e. lee once said: "if the army without the German people, we can easily put young gay men beat."

For the early Chinese, they came to the United States just to make money so that they could return home one day. Therefore, the Chinese immigrants in the 19th century had no intention to participate in politics. In addition, the United States promulgated the Chinese exclusion act in 1882, which abolished the citizenship of Chinese immigrants in the United States. Chinese and Americans could not vote and political participation was out of the question. It was not until 1943, when President franklin d. Roosevelt signed the repeal act, that a small number of Chinese began to make a political difference, but this participation was nearly 200 years later than that of German immigrants. 1972 "Chinese council for the promotion of the rights and interests", 1983 "Chinese American political promotion association", "c" in 1990, the Chinese team set up continuously, not only safeguard the interests and rights and interests of the Chinese in the United States, will also each Chinese became a political elite, including Gary Locke was elected governor of Washington state in 1996, in 2009, was nominated for the commerce secretary, in 2011 was named the United States ambassador to China, is the first Chinese American governor in us history and Chinese ambassador to China; In addition, according to statistics, Chinese and Americans have reached nearly 4 million and are expected to reach 6 million by 2020, making them the third largest minority in the United States. In the American political elections, Chinese gradually began to change their image and play an increasingly important role, exerting a non-negligible influence on various elections. Elaine zhao, who served as labor secretary in 2001, Zhu Sijiu nominated deputy defense secretary in 2001, Steven chu, energy secretary in 2008 was nominated for the United States, the outstanding Chinese with great achievements in the field of politics, with nearly in the city or state government sector of Chinese immigrants, will be together for Chinese political voice in doing unremitting efforts.

Chinese immigrants and German immigrants, as two groups with distinctive features in the history of American immigration, have made their own contributions to the American economy in terms of economic development. One has improved transportation and the other has developed agriculture. In terms of political participation, the two countries actively safeguard their own interests, promote the development of American democracy, and greatly promote and enrich the United States, a pluralistic country.

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