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Assignment写作注意用词精确

2017-06-14 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

国外大学对于学生们的学术写作要求是非常高的,无论是格式,还是细节上错误,都会让论文的质量大打折扣。留学生也存在一个普遍的问题,那就是用词不当,因为他们对这些词语也是一知半解,所以用起来会不太准确。那么Assignment写作如何才能做到用词精确呢?下面就给大家讲解一下。

Assignment写作用词,Assignment写作,essay代写,assignment代写,留学生作业代写

1、选词的时候要把握好语气(Connotation),比如下面这个例子:

When American soldiers returned home after World War II, many women abandoned their jobs in favor of marriage.(abandon这个词在这里太负面,需要选用left)

2、尽量选择具体的名词(Concrete and specific nouns)

什么是具体的名词?什么是比较泛,比较抽象的名词呢?咱们看下下面的例子就明白了:

film 太泛;fantasy film 稍微具体一些;Harry Potter 更加具体

justice, realism, dignity 这些看不见摸不着的都属于抽象名词

steeple, asphalt, lilac, stone 这些属于具体名词

有些时候,抽象名词是必要的,但是如果可以用具体名词代替的情况,总是要选择使用具体名词,因为他们更加达意,下面为大家举例说明:

The senator spoke about the challenges of our state’s future: the environment and crime.

修改之后:The senator spoke about the challenges of our state’s future: pollution, dwindling natural resources, and overcrowded prisons.

Toni Morrison’s Beloved is about slavery, among other things.

修改之后:Toni Morrison’s Beloved is about slavery, motherhood, and memory.

3、避免用错词,用词准确是用词精确的前提

如果你在assignment写作中不能100%确定某一个词的用法的时候,建议大家就不要使用这个词了,特别是在一些限时课堂essay写作的时候遇到拿捏不准的词建议大家放弃。平时写essay的时候遇到这种情况,建议大家要多查查字典,看看字典给的例句,明白单词使用的场景(context),用错单词会很搞笑,例如:

Fans who arrived late were migrating up the bleachers in search of seats. (migrating 改成 climbing)

Marie Winn quarrels that television viewing is bad for families because it “serves to anesthetize parents into accepting their family’s diminished state” (357). (quarrels 改成 argues)

Most dieters are not persistence enough to make a permanent change in their eating habits.(persistence 改成 persistent,词性要搞清楚)

4、习语使用要准确(Idioms)

所谓习语,就是一些习惯性地表达,它的意思不能够通过单个单词意思的简单相加,必须要牢记,不能对词组进行改造,比如说(红色为经常用错的,黑色是正确的习语):

abide with (a decision) abide by (a decision)

according with according to

agree to (an idea) agree with (an idea)

angry at (a person) angry with (a person)

capable to capable of

comply to comply with

desirous to desirous of

different than (a person or thing) different from (a person or thing)

intend on doing intend to do

plan on doing plan to do

preferable than preferable to

prior than prior to

similar than similar to

superior than superior to

sure and sure to

think on think of, about

5、不要过分使用 clichés

clichés 其实就是那些老掉牙的表达,比如说:cool as a cucumber; beat around the bush; blind as a bat; busy as a bee, beaver; crystal clear; out of the frying pan and into the fire; light as a feather 等等,处理方式就是重写,大家看看下面的例子:

When I received a full scholarship from my second-choice school, I found myself between a rock and a hard place.

修改之后:When I received a full scholarship from my second-choice school, Ifelt squeezed to settle for second best.

以上就是关于Assignment写作用词的讲解,而同学们平时有空的时候也可以拿字典去查那些自己不熟悉的词语,慢慢积累。

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