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留学生作业Personal Reflective Essay怎么写?

2016-12-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

出国在外留学的我们以及慢慢的习惯了essay作业的写作,Personal Reflective Essay就是其中的一种,我们写这类的个人反思论文的主要目的就是对自身的经历进行反思并分析出这些经历所带来的影响,我们也要去思考essay如何才能够引人入胜,那么留学生作业Personal Reflective Essay应该怎么写呢?今天我就来辅导下各位Personal Reflective Essay的写作技巧。

 留学,Personal Reflective Essay,essay怎么写,个人反思怎么写,留学生作业代写

此类文章是针对生活中发生的事件的写作,而这个事件对你有过积极或者消极的影响。

例如:

– 关乎你生活的重大事件,出生,死亡,疾病或者类似事件。

– 惹恼了你的事件——种族歧视、偏见或社会不平等。

– 你也可以写记忆中让你拥有独特感受的事件或者经历,它可能已经发生,正在发生,或者即将发生

– 你无法复述的事情

反思

这部份可能更加有难度,反思的过程需要你真正去反思自身以及反思这个事件如何对你有所改变。

-反思记忆中的感觉,对这个事件的感受,思考得出想法和意见,以及考虑事件发生之后产生的影响(回顾)。

-从你自己身上学到了什么?

-你从中如何得到成长?发展?改变?

-可以表述词汇例如“回顾”,”我现在可以知道”等作为开始来写作这类文章。

反思论文

-探索世界的某些方面

-提出你的想法和感受

-讨论你认为它(事件)是如何影响了现在的你。

-描述他人/你自身对你的意见。

个人反思类文章写作指导

计划写作

-做一些研究。读报纸中的“评论”或“意见”部分,这些部分往往个人色彩比较浓厚——或者阅读杂志,或者看辩论节目之类的例如“The Big Question“。

-修改你的作品。你的第一次尝试永远不会是你最好的草案。返工修改。如果必要的话每一段都做反思。

-记下你的想法、感觉、记忆或意见(当他们进入你的脑海中时),并思考你为什么会有这样的感觉。

主题:你需要及早引入话题。抓住读者的注意力。你可以使用以下多种方式:

=一个小故事。

=一个引用。

=以故事的结束引入并接着展开写作。

=一个闪回。

引起兴趣:文章的主体需要有趣。而一些学生花太多时间在介绍上面,从而使文章的主体变得无聊和平淡。

主旨:让文章的主旨或象征性意象贯穿你的文章。例如:

“The dark patterned armchair in the corner of the living room is always there. It holds her and her worries. It holds the pain that is still blatantly apparent. It holds my mum and as I gaze into her frail weak eyes- I still feel the torture she endures on a daily basis. Her eyes dart back and forth yet I know she hides her pain. She’s crumbling inside and will not be healed- just like the tatty hole in the arm chair in which she picks and picks until no more foam can be found. She picks and picks at her brain- blaming herself “Why us?”, “Why my baby?” circulating her thoughts at every turn. There are no answers and although I thought things will never be the same again… I now know that they never will.

基调:确保你的文章基调和个人风格是非常鲜明的。

轶事:使用奇闻轶事来吸引你的读者。引人入胜。例如:

“I have always wanted to be an actress. It is my main ambition. I have always wanted to be an actress”…

可以写成:

“Acting: it has been my sole ambition ever since the day I met David Tennant on a plane coming back from holiday. We sat for hours chatting and planning my next step in my soon to be startling career… Well no, not really, but this is what acting is all about – pretending to be someone else for day, an hour, a while.

使用恰到好处的词汇。考虑选择的词汇和你想要达成的文章效果是否一致。

-广泛的形容词的词汇量积累对于写作个人反思类文章至关重要。

-尽量不要使用这类形容词:比如‘happy’ or ‘sad’ or ‘nice’ or ‘good’ or ‘OK’,,它们并不能够真的向读者反应出你对某事真正的感受,更不能反映你的写作风格。

-成功的个人写作也需要使用大量的动词。动词帮助你正确地向读者传达你是如何做的,以及做的时候实际感受如何。

-尽量不要使用已经过度使用的动词,如‘said’ or ‘went’ or ‘walked’ or ‘laughed’ or ‘cried’.。

-有些人会开门见山说出他们感觉如何。

-另外一些人则是通过暗示(通过我们讨论过的一些写手手法)来表达他们的感觉是如何的。

-对于你看过的任何写作作品,用一种颜色来强调明确的感受并用另一种颜色突出隐式的感情。

标点符号:使用多种标点。你所读过的一切精确阅读论文其实都应该都出现过以下标点:冒号,括号,省略号,分号和破折号等。

意象:使用各种意象来描述你的情感。比较你的悲伤,流泪,幸福,兴奋、紧张、恐慌等其他情绪。

转折点:每个的个人经历都应该有一个转折点。这一点便是你的想法或观点的线条变化的那个点。

反思:也许这部分是最重要的因素。你需要思考这个经历是如何改变了你或别人。

回顾转折点并且思考:

=你从自己身上学到了什么?

=你是如何改变的?

=你还有其他不同的做法吗?

个人论文示例:简写版本

“We all know about racism; we even know about ageism; but do we really know about the daily jibes and abuse that is aimed at some people due to the colour of their hair appearing: odd, weird, strange, horrible, freaky… RED?”

引人入胜的介绍。

话题的概述。

句子结构的布局将文章推向高潮。

“Looking into the mirror I could see it. My long flowing hair causing me hours and hours of misery. Closing my eyes… I prayed it would disappear or even fade. No amount of make up, hairstyles or different clothes masked my feelings of hate for the hair I had been genetically inflicted with.”

镜子是一个意象符号,并且在文章最后又被提及,文章首尾呼应。

‘Hey Ginger, can I get a heat’ is a phrase commonly repeated to people inflicted with red hair.

形成了幽默的写作风格。

“From an early age the comments made to me about the colour of my hair has irritated me to my inner core. On my first day at Secondary School it was a scorching summer’s days. I felt so hot and nervous that beads of sweat formed on my forehead as I stood waiting in the playground. My heart was pounding and a strong feeling of trepidation strongly lingered as I wondered what my new teachers would be like. However, when I entered the school, that’s when everything changed. I could hear them. I could hear the hyena like laughs. I could hear the comments of ‘check the state of her hair. That’s horrible’. At this, I felt like I had been ripped apart. I was in pain and just wanted to escape and not return. Tears began to obscure my vision as I desperately tried to escape and hide. I frantically rushed to the toilet and dreaded the rest of the day. Why did they have to say this to me? Why would they say such a thing? I just couldn’t understand. I have never been able to erase this feeling from my memory.”

“A long time has now passed since these initial comments; unfortunately they continued on a regular basis. I would regularly beg and plead with my mother to dye my hair so that I could feel more ‘normal’. The hair styling aisle at the local supermarket would call to me as soon as it entered and mocked me as I left-minus any hair dye. Even my Uncle-at the birth of his daughter, said ‘Phew… for a minute I thought she had red hair, thank God it’s not’. It is these types of remarks that really infuriate me. People may only utter these words for a few seconds, but these words resonate within your mind for years to come and eat away at you like a vicious case of woodworm; eventually leading you to feel unworthy of functioning in the real world.

“Now that I have grown older, I still have red hair but I no longer feel so distressed about it. Looking back, I now understand that these people (or bullies) found something that-in their opinion – was my flaw.”

以下是反思性的部分。

They pounced upon me like a piece of prey and succeeded in crushing my confidence. More importantly though, I recently faced a huge turning point. Last year a close friend of my family was diagnosed with cancer. I remember meeting her at the local supermarket and she had lost all of her hair; yet was still smiling. The pain and suffering that this gentle woman was experiencing was excruciating and much more extreme than any feelings that I had ever endured. She later died. She had passed away.

Died.

这就是一个转折点,孤立的句子起到了相应的文字效果。

“Her death was so unfair. When I received the news… I was dazed and confused; this is what it really felt like to be ripped apart. My ludicrous, shallow worries about my hair colour were dramatically put into perspective and really made me re-evaluate what was important in life. For too long I have wasted time thinking about hair colour and appearance. I have now learned that it’s OK to be different. I know that I was not the first person with red hair to be picked on, and I will not be the last.”

反思学到了什么:

“If I am truthful, I actually don’t want to blend into the background-I just want to be me. The society we live within in is looks obsessed but it doesn’t mean that I have to be. I now like the fact that my hair is: odd, weird, freaky and dare I say… GINGER! Looking into the mirror, I now know that I am so worth it!”

看完了上述对于留学生作业Personal Reflective Essay写作技巧的讲解后,各位是否也学会了该如何去写好一篇Personal Reflective Essay呢?虽然对于刚接粗Reflective Writing的留学生来讲会有些困惑,但是熟能生巧,相信各位在多次的锻炼后能够取得一个较好的分数。

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