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A Discussion of Mental Disorders

2020-04-07 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

    下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- A Discussion of Mental Disorders,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是人的精神活动是有机的、协调的、统一的。从接受外界刺激到对外界刺激的反应,存在着一系列相互关联、密不可分的活动。由于生理、心理或社会原因引起的各种异常心理过程,可能会发展出一些异常人格或异常行为特征。这通常被称为精神障碍。它可能会对人们的生活产生一些影响。本文将讨论精神障碍与犯罪率上升的关系、精神障碍是否是一种疾病以及儿童创伤对儿童的危害。

A Discussion of Mental Disorders

Spiritual activity of human beings is organic, coordinated and unified. From receiving external stimuli, to the response to the external stimuli, there is a series of interrelated and inseparable activities. Due to various abnormal psychological processes caused by physical, psychological or social reason, one may develop some abnormal personality or characteristics of abnormal behavior. This is in general called mental disorders. And it may have some influence on people's live. In this article, it is to have a discussion of the relationship between mental disorders and increase in crime rate, whether mental disorder is a disease, and the detrimental effect of Childhood trauma on children

 

Section 1

A lot of researches and national institutions supports the relationship between mental disorders and increase in crime rate. For a long time, the question of the relationship between mental disorders and increase in crime rate has been bothering people. This worries become more and more obvious when there is some gun violence in the United states. Ann Coulter said : "Guns don't kill people—the mentally ill do”(Rapoport , 2 ). In addition to those personal opinion held by some social celebrity, the data of national institutions like NICS also showed the relationship between mental disorders and crime. NICS’s database and text shows cases of mentally ill people committing violence(Rapoport , 3 ). Crimes committed by mental patients are a preferred subject matter of a lot of writer and film director. This such link is closely related to some characteristics and abnormal behavior of people with mental disorders. Depression is a common mental disorder. People with depression are often easy to get angry, which may cause aggressive action(Satcher ,1). In addition, people with Bipolar Disorder are more likely to do reckless or risky behavior (Satcher ,2). This means that for mental disorder patients, some of aspects of mental activity are uncoordinated and the mental activity is incompatible with the environment.

 

However, there are official data and scientific researches which have broken this bias of link between mental disorders and increase in crime rate and there are also doubts of such links as a political excuses. Although mental disorders is often associated with violence, patients rarely commit crimes or do harm to others. It is more likely for people with mental illness to be victims of crimes instead of criminal, according to Debbie Plotnick, and the crime done by people with mental illness account for only 5 percent of all violent crimesRapoport ,3.  In addition, the relationship between mental disorders and increase in crime rate is believed by some one to be proposed based on political or even economical interests, instead of scientific facts. It is the National Rifle Association that also supported relationship between mental disorders with mental illness (Rapoport , 1 ). By blaming increase in crime rate to mental disorders, it can attract the public attention to the problem of mental disorders, a medical issue in essence. It is hard for the health providers to predict murderous behavior in general(Rapoport ,2). This will help the government officials, and National Rifle Association and administrators of NICS to get rid of the criticism of the public of its poor management of guns. New York's new gun control law makes relationship between mental disorders with mental illness as a political excuse(Rapoport , 2).

 

Those counterarguments had some flaws as it was considering the link between mental disorders and increase in crime rate from the perspective of conspiracy theory and overlook the connection of mental health and crimes even if they are only victims.  In the political party of both Democrats and Republicans, the pro-gun and anti-gun lobbies, it is believed that treatment and monitoring of mental health can help to decrease gun violence(Rapoport , 1). If the relationship between mental disorders and increase in crime rate is supported by government officials and administrators of NICS as a political excuses, it is unreasonable for anti-gun lobbies to also supported such relationship between them. In addition, more and more states in the U.S began to adopt the policy with the belief of the link between mental disorders and increase in crime rate. Gun control law in Ohio and Colorado prevent people in the mental institution from owning guns(Rapoport, 1). Policy makers in Louisiana, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Utah also prevent people with the mental problem from owning guns(Rapoport , 1). The wide adoption of new rules and laws can reveal the problems of medical care of mental disorders, making the argument of it as a political excuse untenable. The new rules and proposals of denying the guns rights of people with mental disorder will make policemen and veterans with mental health hard to get help(Rapoport ,2). And also, when people’s attention are attracted to the mental health problems and realize such , it is still hard for Democrats and Republicans, and government officials to get rid of public outcry. Thus, it is impossible for them to use it as a political excuse as it can only bring them more trouble and public accusations. They just had to issue such laws and policies. In addition, although Debbie Plotnick said that it is more likely for people with mental illness to be victims of crimes instead of criminal, this can also be understood that existence of mental illness will trigger crimes as they are highly possible preys or indirect causes of crimes done by others. This will also lead to increase of crime indirectly.

 

Section 2

Mental disorders is a disease, as it is related to some problems with people’s minds and more importantly, it can be cured. According to the World Bank and the World Health Organization, depression lead to disability all over the world “Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2.A person diagnosed with mental disorders is due to mental tension, interference, thus leaving his or her thinking, emotion and behavior deviating standard orbit from the social life. When the phenomenon of psychological and behavioral deviation from social life gets more severe and goes beyond the extent of the standard, the more serious mental illness will become. Also, one powerful evidence of mental disorder can be a disease is that it can be traced to a certain organs. Mental disorder is illnesses as it is disease of a real organ—the brain (“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2). After a contrast between the brains of the normal people and people with mental disorders will makes it more clear. The brain of a healthy person, and of someone with schizophrenia, have different active area(“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2). Certain structure of brain may become smaller when depression remain untreated(“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 3). People long-term in this state of excessive stress may lead to a series of mental illness. For example, Illnesses like schizophrenia are the brain related illness (“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 1 ). Like other diseases, they can be made diagnoses, and can be treated (“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2) . The medication of mental illness is related to psychotherapies and other psychosocial treatments (“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2) . Another direct and powerful evidence to it as a disease is that like other disease, it can be treated. More importantly, it can be passed down in family, like many diseases.  Science proves that autism, schizophrenia, manic-depressive illness are genetic disorders, related to family (“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2).

 

In addition, there are still a lot of disputes around whether mental disorders could and should be regarded as as a sort of disease as there are a lot of harms that will bring to people with mental disorders. Those people holds that the mind is not a physical organ, although brain is an organ(Bobgan and Bobgan, 1 ). In addition, they also pointed out that whether mental disorders can be passed is still needs to be verified. The human genome project is not complete and it needs another few years to say the specific relationship between genes and disorders“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2. At last, they held that a belief that diseases like autism or schizophrenia were caused by subtle
character flaw in mothers existed for a long time and influenced deeply the public opinion(“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2). Those opposition can be understood to some degree. It is because that mental disorders is rather special compared to other physical diseases.  Mental disorders, as a sort of psychological problem, is different from the physiological disease. It is a series of problems caused by the human intrinsic mental factors, or more accurately caused by the brain central nervous system control. It will indirectly change the person's character, world view and mood. A person with schizophrenia is difficult to complete a cognitive task (“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2). Thus, its treament methods are also a little different with other common diseases. Psychotherapy is also used in the mental disorder(“Mental Illness Is a Disease” , 2). But anyhow, the special treatment methods can not deny the fact that the mental disease can not be treated. For a person's behavior identified as "illness", it can be dealt with by treatment and therapy(Bobgan and Bobgan, 1 ). As for the still unconfirmed specific relationship between genes and disorders, it should be noted that a sort of relationship exists although the specific relationship remains to be found. It is true about the opposition is that if some mental disorders are seen as mental illness, patients often can not get timely medical treatment because of "shame" , and have delayed treatment. And relatives of patients and colleagues also did not show some of the sympathy of the community of mental disease. There are prejudices and discrimination indeed so that after rehabilitation of mental illness, they can not be successfully returned to the social family. But this social issues can not be the reason that people deny to admit it as a disease from scientific point of view.

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