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British undergraduate tutor system

2019-11-06 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- British undergraduate tutor system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国本科导师制度。英国的导师制度起源于牛津大学,到了19世纪末,导师制度开始广泛应用于本科,其目的是培养学生的独立人格、独立思想、独立学习的能力,同时通过导师提高其对科研的探究能力。现如今,本科生导师制度已成为英国高等教育体制和培养学生的重要方式,也是英国高等教育之所以出色的原因所在。

The undergraduate tutor system originated from the university of Oxford in the 14th century. It refers to a kind of teaching system in which teachers with excellent qualities and knowledge act as the guidance teachers of undergraduates under the premise of two-way selection between teachers and students, and conduct individual guidance on students' study, morality, life and psychology. At present, some universities in our country are implementing the undergraduate tutor system, and, in improving the quality of teaching has achieved some results, but because of the implementation of undergraduate education in our country less schools and time is not long, so, there is still a long way to go in the implementation of undergraduate tutor system.

English tutor system originated from Oxford University, by the builders of the bishop of Winchester super-large, Windsor castle William ofWykeham, William wickham at Oxford University, tutor system, used by the "new school" is a sign of English tutor system started to develop, its teaching system has affected the university of Cambridge, and many other colleges and universities, the establishment of the British university tutor system for the future laid a solid foundation. As George Curzon put it: "if there is any product at Oxford that deserves to be proud of for a particular reason -- one that has branded the lives and personalities of generations of students and inspired the outspoken envy of other nations -- it is the individual tutorial system that has magically grown and developed almost unconsciously."

At the beginning, the young people who have just entered the school are often accompanied by the psychological characteristics of rich emotions, immaturity and impulsiveness, and they are likely to have conflicts and contradictions with the people around them, which lead to the security risks inside and outside the school. Therefore, the school takes a series of measures to strengthen management in order to change the bad situation at that time. "Under this model, teachers and students not only cultivate students' critical thinking and independent thinking through equal academic dialogue, but also cultivate students' moral cultivation through frequent contact and exchange of ideas between teachers and students." With the development of the society and the passage of time, universities in the UK have been continuously exploring and developing on the basis of inheriting the tutor system of the university of Oxford and gradually finding out a more perfect tutor system.

At the end of 19th century, tutor system began to be widely applied in undergraduate courses. Its purpose is to cultivate students' independent personality, independent thinking and independent learning ability, and to improve their research ability through tutors. "The mentoring system for undergraduates has become an important part of the UK higher education system and the way it prepares students, which is why it is so great."

The early tutor system in Britain mainly focused on the discipline and personality building of students, and the teaching content was relatively single. Now, "the tutor system gradually broke away from the religious color, had a fundamental change, and became a teaching system with modern significance. The role of mentor has gradually changed from pastor to full-time teacher. The content of guidance is closely related to modern subjects, showing multi-disciplinary characteristics and strong flexibility. "teachers not only pay attention to students' mental health, but also pay more attention to discipline teaching and cultivating students' abilities. At present, the penetration rate of higher education is increasing, the society needs a large number of professional talents and innovative talents, and higher education is gradually becoming popular. "With the surge in enrollments, the mentorship system has shifted toward small group teaching and 'workshops,' and one-on-one coaching is almost a thing of the past." Although the student-teacher ratio has decreased, in order to adapt to the development of today's educational environment, the school will strictly control the number of students according to the number of tutors each year to ensure the quality of tutors' work.

Founded in 1825, Plymouth university is located in the single administrative district of Plymouth, Devon, southwest England, with a history of nearly 200 years of education. Since the 1960s, Plymouth university has developed a series of new regulations different from the traditional British tutorial system in view of the educational situation of the university, including "personal tutor policy", "seven steps of Plymouth university", "graduate support", "student welfare service" and "senior tutor role description". The university of Plymouth strives to promote the development of knowledge through education and research, and the tutorial system of the university has become a major feature of its education and teaching. It provides high quality services based on the needs and interests of students to help them study and find employment. The main contents are as follows:

Plymouth university is committed to providing a good learning experience for all students and ensuring that every student is valued. This includes helping students make the transition from middle school to college, participating quickly in learning, mastering learning methods, making career choices, and further study. The tutor will provide personal guidance to students from freshman to graduate. Of course, this kind of guidance is not limited to the students' academic concern, the tutor also pays attention to the healthy development of students' psychological and moral education. Therefore, the mentor system can not only provide students with high-quality education, but also provide efficient development.

The personal tutor policy of the university of Plymouth, which is the summary of the tutor system of the university of Plymouth. Within two weeks of enrollment, new students will be assigned a personal tutor and given contact information for the tutor. According to the university's mentor policy, tutors must maintain regular contact with students, meeting with teachers and students at least three times a year, and students can meet with tutors individually by email according to their situation. At the same time, Plymouth university provides students with an electronic system called PebblePad, which supports the development of students' academic ability and facilitates the transition from study to employment.

In order for the mentoring system to work smoothly, Plymouth university has set up seven steps, including understanding roles, supporting personal development, managing student expectations, monitoring student well-being, referring to other support services, interaction and interpersonal skills, and respecting privacy.

Plymouth university provides students with opportunities for personal development. On the one hand, students should master professional cultural knowledge; on the other hand, they should combine the acquired knowledge with practice and transform the knowledge into skills to adapt to social development. Tutors will carefully examine their own resources to provide students with better development practice space, introduce the most appropriate opportunities to students, and encourage them to participate in extracurricular activities to promote personal development.

When students encounter psychological problems, they can usually get psychological counseling within 10-15 working days. Not only that, students can choose the gender of the counselor according to their personal situation, and make arrangements and give some advice according to the needs of students as much as possible.

Tutors are one of the most important contacts for students during the school year, helping students select courses and complete their study plans. When there is a conflict between the tutor and the student or a problem that cannot be solved, you can turn to the senior tutor for help. In addition, the school also has an appropriate feedback system to evaluate tutors. Students and other staff can use this system to provide feedback and improve the work of tutors.

Generally speaking, the undergraduate tutor system of the university of Plymouth reflects the new ideas and ideas of undergraduate education in contemporary British universities, which is quite different from the previous teaching system and the traditional undergraduate tutor system inherited in the early 20th century. Specifically, it has the following characteristics:

The university of Plymouth provides each tutor and student with a tutorial system manual to familiarize each other with the scope of the tutor's duties and avoid confusion caused by ignorance of the system. In addition, the university has written a basic framework of teacher-student communication to provide written reference for tutors. The framework is divided into three stages: induction week, first semester, and second semester, each of which consists of three stages, with best practice guidelines for three different stages. Similarly, the implementation of the tutor guidance policy is supervised by teachers, students and special review groups to ensure the effectiveness of education and teaching.

Instead of passively waiting for students to ask questions, the tutor assumes an active role. When a student meets with a tutor, the tutor takes notes of the meeting. Plymouth university's special "listening mode" allows the tutor to know the best about the student. In addition, the tutor will also find out the potential problems of students according to their daily behavior and mood changes, give care and give full play to their initiative and subjective initiative.

Universities are also responsible for the safety of students, not only physically but also psychologically. Students are individuals, so their privacy is protected by universities and tutors. Tutors and students should know in advance the privacy instructions contained in the instruction manual. In communication with the tutor, it is inevitable for students to confide some personal information to the tutor, or even share some psychological problems and confusions with the tutor, which requires the tutor to protect students' information. Therefore, the university of Plymouth has made clear provisions on the protection and sharing of students' information. A tutor may not provide information about a student to an individual or relevant organization unless the student has committed a crime, is in grave danger or has obtained his or her consent. Respect the individual difference of students, while paying attention to the overall development, should also pay attention to the development of students' personality.

In the early period of the republic of China, some universities in China began to introduce the undergraduate tutor system in order to solve the imperfect situation of the curriculum structure, teaching methods, regulations and other aspects of the education system. On this basis, colleges and universities in accordance with the uniform tutor system rules, have developed the implementation of this school rules, in order to improve the effectiveness of teaching through the implementation of the tutorial system, harmonious relationship between teachers and students. Among them, since zhejiang university implemented the tutor system in the 1830s, the tutorial system implemented by zhejiang university can be regarded as the model of all universities. Each tutor is responsible for more than ten students. In spare time, the tutor organizes meetings or extracurricular activities to communicate with students to enhance the relationship between teachers and students. Compared with the mentor system implemented by universities before, zhu kezhen, former President of zhejiang university, not only emphasized teaching, but also paid more attention to moral education. At this time, the introduction of the undergraduate tutor system in China has been effective.

However, after 1930, the nanjing national government successively promulgated a series of legal documents such as "improving the national education program" and "practically promoting the tutorial system". In order to carry out discipline and strengthen the ideological control of higher education, the kuomintang combined the traditional Chinese education concept with the tutorial system of British universities such as Oxford and Cambridge, and established the tutorial system of universities ruled by the kuomintang. The establishment of these systems is essentially different from the undergraduate tutor system implemented by universities, which not only restricts students' thinking, but also restricts their independent development to a great extent.

In the late 1980 s, in order to adapt to the demand of social development and national education, colleges and universities are introducing the tutorial system in the undergraduate education, the tutor system of undergraduate colleges and universities have type mainly has "the entire undergraduate tutorial system, senior tutor system, junior tutorial system, tutorial system" of person of outstanding ability, etc., combined with the characteristics of the university and colleges and universities, the quality supervisory system, a comprehensive tutorial system, etc., different schools of undergraduate tutorial system implementation of the policy is different. But so far, the tutor system in general are widely used in the postgraduate education in our country, and seldom involved in the undergraduate education, the undergraduate major practice class teacher or counselor system "and because of tutor system problem such as high cost and low proportion between teachers and students, the tutor system has not been universal in the undergraduate education.

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