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The similarities and differences between Mark Twain and Huckleberry Finn

2019-06-12 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The similarities and differences between Mark Twain and Huckleberry Finn,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了马克·吐温和哈克贝利·费恩的异同。马克·吐温是美国非常著名的作家,他是在密西西比河的河边长大的。他的小说《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》也是世界文学的一大成功之作,人们也发现,马克·吐温和小说主人公之间有着惊人的相似之处。除了马克·吐温早期经历外,两者的故事背景都是发生在密西西比河。

Mark Twain, whose name has always finds its way onto the list of the America’s top 50 writers on the history, was born and raised up by the river side of the Mississippi. Also set by the Mississippi River, his novel Adventures of Huckleberry Fin was a great success of the world literature. There was a remarkable resemblance between the author himself and the main character of the novel Huckleberry, which made people fall into confusion—“was huckleberry actually Mark himself?” or “was Mark trying to write a biography in somebody else’s name?”. However, when people were making efforts trying to get answers of those problems, they would encounter one elements inevitably, which is the base of the background of the story and also where the author had spent his early years, the Mississippi River. To trace back to the origin of the work, people may ask, what if Mark Twin was not born and raised up by he river of Mississippi? Would he still work out such a masterpiece? And my answer to this question is no. From my point of view, it was his life with Mississippi that provided the inspiration and the base to form up such a novel. What’s more, the situation of people’s life around the Mississippi River enabled Mark to look into people inner desire at that time, giving him the strength to fight for the equality for people with black skin. For him, Mississippi didn’t only stand for a river, but also for a life that people should do something for it. Thus, without Mississippi, I think Mark Twin wouldn’t have such a work.

Firstly, Mississippi was the background for both the author and the novel. Mark Twain was born in the vill of Hannibal, Missouri. He was not enjoying his childhood as his father died when he was 12 years old, which made him reluctantly dropped out of the school and went to his brother, who was working as an editor and the young Mark served as an apprentice in order to make a living. By the time of the early 1850s, Mark happened to enjoy the prosperity of the shipping industry on the Mississippi River, at which time he spared every effort to learn how to drive and began a new life as a helmsman. During this period, he drove to many place on the treacherous Mississippi, where he acquired the ability to fight against the dangerous current and see through the every surface of the nature. He then changed his original name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens into the famous one of Mark Twain, which is a term or slang among the helmsman meaning “the leadsman's cry for a measured river depth of two fathoms (12 feet), which was safe water for a steamboat.”(Clemens, Samuel L, 1917) He was so familiar with this river that he regarded the Mississippi River as his hometown without hesitation.

Besides Mark’s early experience, his novel too shared the same place as the background of the story. In the book, affectionate and exhaustive words were used to describe the scenes of the river, and the whole book even was filled with native slangs that made people recognize it as somehow rude. What’s more, the main character Huckleberry was also a helmsman who knew well about the Mississippi. The author used much of his own shipping knowledge to plot the story, making the novel a convincing story that fit the time and truth, which was one of the success the novel had made.(Cornish, F. H, & M. Twain, 1982) Considering the basic elements of book was contribute by Mark’s early experience over the river, and the unescapable truth that such details and skills of the native staffs were more than hard to make up on one’s imagination, it is quite difficult for people to deny the contribution of author’s personal experience to the novel, that is to say, if Mark Twain was not born by the Mississippi River, he couldn’t make up such a literately precise and vivd story of Huckleberry.

Secondly, the life over the Mississippi River made Mark twain who he was and stimulates the born of the book. To see from the history, the escape from the society into the wild due to the abomination of the frightfulness and hypocrisy of the society has been one of the most common themes of the novel in the 19th century. Similarities were found in those books as most of them regarded the human and nature as an organic whole where human was one essential part, but the form of the society, especially the industrial revolution, undoubtedly set human and the nature apart, turning the species losing its initial quality of kindness, purity and peace. The commercialization of the modern society was recognized as the reason why people were turning selfish, cruel and reckless with greed. Thus, the people who were thought had not completely lost their hearts were dying to get back to the nature, to embrace the though and origin of the wild. They struggled to give up and get rid of what they had as a man who lived in society. From this point of view, to return to the wild meant to return to oneself. And Mark had also tried to conduct this theme in the book of Adventures of Huckleberry Fin.

The story of the novel began with the escape of the main character, a white teenager whose name was Huckleberry Fin, and the whole story was about how he managed to ship along the great Mississippi and finally went to his destiny. Though the young and obstinate Huckleberry was adopted by a widow who was tremendously attempting to cultivate him, his situation couldn’t be changed considering his surroundings—his alcoholic father who used violence upon him as well as abused him frequently, his step mother who was trying to confine him by the name of traditional education. He had foreseen his future if he keeping being nude and do nothing to fight against it, which made he had no choice but to go on the way to escape. On depicting how Huck desperate for freedom, Mark shed a little light on how he hated the being of society. He recorded the backwardness of the villas on the Mississippi in the 1840s to 1850s, documented the dilapidated scenes of the farmland, the severe contradiction between the rich and the poor, the cruel racial oppression, which were all true at the time. it is clear to see that Mark was trying to hold the time before the industrial revolution, when the country life was still happy and peaceful. Himself was hoping to run away, but somehow he couldn’t do such a thing. So that he wrote it into a novel. That is to say, if he hasn’t experience all of those which he was not willing to experience, he might not have wanted to escape the society, making the novel never a possibility.

Last but not the least, Mark Twain’s early experience by the river side encouraged him to fight for the human rights of black people. By the time when the Adventures of Huckleberry Fin was published, The Emancipation Proclamation has already been put into effort for decades, which is to say, Mark Twain was actually raised up under the effectiveness of The Emancipation Proclamation. But the truth turned out to be, the status of black people wasn’t improved in the southern areas. The situation got even worse as there emerged organizations for example the infamous 3K group that tortured black people and murders happened frequently. After seeing all the slaughters that happened near him it is not difficult to imagine Mark Twain’s anger and pessimistic toward the temporary society.

Later Mark Twain changed his anger into words and spread them in the story Huckleberry. He spared much space for the escape of a black slave whose name was Jim. Jim was facing the most dark institution at the time being, the slavery, he was unable to fight but only to escape. Along with the help of Huck, this two teenagers began their epic journey among the watershed of Mississippi. Through the eyes the two kind teenagers the author reviewed the social civilization of the regions. Sadly, the result turned out to be negative. He regarded the civilization of commercialization to be corrupt and depressive. (Jackson, R, 2002) Also, in Adventures of Huckleberry Fin, civilization seemed to be the everything that stopped people from loving, sharing and being kind. There were no freedom and dependence to mention in such society, even the dignity of one’s was treated as merchandise. The dark pace of society stimulated Mark Twain to fight, not solely with book to publish, but also to walk onto the stage of history to voice for the black people. Thus people may say it was by the River of Mississippi where Mark Twain was enlightened with the awareness to fight against the racialism. Without it, he wouldn’t have made such a success in the literature world, nor would he promote human right for black people.

It is clear that Huckleberry showed up initially in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, where the author was holding a quite ambiguous attitude towards the modern civilization and the society. (Bennett, J, 1974) Actually Huckleberry was not to have his own adventure written into novel, but as Mark Twain gradually went into the maturity of his thoughts of fighting against the society and racialism, his story was then created. it is not difficult to see his effort on promoting the idea of returning to the nature and to eliminate racialism to the whole world.

There are theories that adversity makes a talented person, and Mark Twain might be a typical model to prove that. His early experience of living in a corrupt atmosphere motivated him to pounder over the social issue and inspired him to write down his dream. He realized the responsibility he should shoulder instead of solely running away from it. However, he still wished he had not lived in this society, thus he made up his consolation, huckleberry, a kind, brave young white man who was desperate for freedom as well as willing to give a hand to black people. The story of Huckleberry is also what he had dreamed for his youth. It was based on his youth but was given a better future.

As a conclusion, if Mark Twain was not born and raised up by the Mississippi River, the whole story of Adventures of Huckleberry Fin would be totally different or even not be created, what’s more, the situation of black people would be quite different form now without his great effort in the history. Mississippi was not only the background for both the author and the book, but also the place that enabled the author to have the thought of writing such a book. He created fun stories and plots that revealed the truth appearance of both the backward American society and the corrupt social customs. What’s more, it is the symbol for the author to fight against inequality at that time. He used the book as a weapon. Though Huckleberry was different from Mark Twain himself, he attached all his hope onto Huckleberry. He is his consolation, a escape form the reality and his daydream.

References

Bennett, Jonathan. "The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn."Philosophy 49.188(1974):123-134.

Clemens, Samuel L. Life on the Mississippi,, Harper & Brothers, New York and London, 1917:32, 37, 45, 57, 78.

Cornish, F. H, and M. Twain. The adventures of Huckleberry Finn /. The adventures of Huckleberry Finn.. Ediciones Generales Anaya, (1982):350–356.

Jackson, Robert. "The Emergence of Mark Twain's Missouri: Regional Theory and "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"."Southern Literary Journal 35.1(2002):47-69.

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