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Weibo and Fake News in China

2019-06-06 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Weibo and Fake News in China,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了微博和假新闻。微博是一个社交网络平台,用户可以在网上分享简短的信息和感受。近年来,微博在年轻人中迅速发展,观众通过这个社交平台关注新闻时事,了解名人八卦,关心亲朋好友。然而,微博的便利也助长了假新闻。假新闻是出版商为了达到某种目的而欺骗读者的一种悖论。它没有反映真实的情况,报告有错误的成分。在微博时代,成为新闻出版商的门槛已经大大降低。创造内容的人可能没有传统新闻出版商的可信度和道德价值。与此同时,新闻出版成本也降低了,假新闻成为新媒体时代的一个严重问题。

Weibo,Fake News,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Weibo is mainly a social networking platform that enables users to share short information and feelings online. Since, 2017, Weibo's monthly active users reached over 300 million, which has surpassed Twitter and is now the largest independent social media company in the world. This is unprecedented in the development of the media, and there is still much room for improvement. Especially in recent years, Weibo has rapidly developed among young people. The audience uses this social platform to pay attention to news and current affairs, to understand celebrity gossip, and to care for relatives and friends. The world that we live in truly becomes a "global village", and we can quickly understand the world without leaving home. However, the convenience of Weibo has also contributed to fake news in China.

Fake news is a paradox in which a publisher deceives an audience in order to achieve a certain purpose. It fails to reflect the real situation, with reports of false components. The first element of news reporting is objective facts. The authenticity of the news is the most basic professional requirement for the media practitioners. Authenticity is the first life of the news. It requires every detail in the news report to be objective and realistic. The elements must be accurate and the true interpretation of the news should protect the logic of the objective fact itself. However, in the Weibo era, the threshold to become a news publisher has been greatly reduced. People who create content may not have the level of credibility and ethical values of the traditional news publishers. Meanwhile, the cost of news publishing is also reduced, making fake news a serious problem in the era of new media.

The content published by Weibo generally has a limit of 140 words. Its users can search for and browse information of interest on Weibo as an audience. They can also publish information for others to search anytime and anywhere. On the platform of Weibo, publishers do not have the age, geography, or academic qualifications. Any member of the public is the sender and receiver of information. The diversity of communication channels also makes the interaction between users more frequent and convenient, and spreads the public opinion more widely. Nowadays, people's life rhythm is accelerating, and it is difficult for people to have a lot of leisure and entertainment time, so this also promotes the birth of fragmented information. The recipient of the information can use the short free time to browse the Weibo information, so that people can use microblogging to enrich their lives.

Because of the limitation of the number of words in the release of Weibo, publishers can only publish only a few words, and the topics involved in the content are fragmented. The topics published by the publisher are not restricted, from political economy to cultural entertainment. Compared with traditional media, Weibo's communication is no longer limited by time, space and equipment. It has computer and mobile phone version, which enable people to browse and publish Weibo anytime and anywhere. This is what the traditional media before can't match with. The way Weibo is spread is different from traditional media. Weibo users can browse the Weibo content by others. Each person can browse the information through different forwarding paths. There are obvious differences between the way and traditional media such as newspapers and periodicals.

At the end of 2017, a news called “Three women went to Korea to change their appearance and could not leave the country” attracted the attention of many Weibo users. The photos of three Chinese women’s face were forwarded online and accompanied by the explanation that the three Chinese female tourists in the photo changed their appearances after the plastic surgery in the Korean Plastic Surgery Hospital, which led to their inability leave the country since they could not be recognized. The news attracted a lot of heated discussions. Afterwards, news reporters learned that the photos circulating in the network were not related to the incident at all. Then the Korean Ministry of Justice also said that such incidents have never occurred in the Korean airport. Foreigners can provide the relevant certificates issued by the hospital to the airport for verification after receiving plastic surgery in Korea.

Name Calling Using negative or discriminatory words, propagandists arouse suspicion and prejudice. The goal is to create an overall dislike of a group of people, so verbally attacking their beliefs, institutions, leaders or religion is fair game. Name calling is often used in ridiculing cartoons or writing.

Glittering Generalities Using slogans or simple catchphrases, propagandists make generalized statements attractive to their audience. Usually these statements involve ideas of love, honor, glory, peace, family values, freedom, patriotism -- anything general enough to inspire pride. These statements usually say very little, so they cannot be proved or disproved.

Transfer A transfer associates a revered symbol with an idea the propagandist wants to promote. If an idea can be linked with, say, a flag, it has a greater chance of winning popular approval. The stir of emotions makes it difficult for people to clear their minds and think critically.

Testimonial A testimonial makes an association between a respected or authoritative person and the cause. The hope is that the respected person will lead others to follow his ideas. It is similar to a celebrity endorsement of a product.

Plain Folks The goal of this technique is to convince the audience that the spokesman is like them and shares their woes and concerns. Using plain language and mannerisms, he is able to build trust by his followers.

Bandwagon This technique capitalizes on the human drive to be part of a crowd, a member of the winning team. By creating the illusion that widespread support exists, the propagandist hopes those who are on the fence will join the cause. If they refuse, this technique seeks to make them feel isolated.

Card Stacking By using only those facts that support their ideas, propagandists can make it seem that their way is the only correct way. The aim of card stacking is for the audience to assume these facts are conclusive. By "stacking cards against the truth," propagandists can control the beliefs of their audience.

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