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The Maltese Falcon

2020-06-01 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- The Maltese Falcon,文章讲述马耳他猎鹰(Falcon)是达希尔(Dashiell Hammett)最著名的侦探故事之一。故事主要围绕着一只宝贵的黑色猎鹰雕像展开。它始于两人的谋杀案:Spade的伴侣Miles Archer和Brigid的追随者Thursby。侦探塞缪尔·斯佩德(Samuel Spade)是这个故事的主角,而布里吉德(Brigid)是一位美丽的女人,来向斯佩德寻求帮助。 Spade通过Brigid发现有人在寻找猎鹰,包括Brigid,Gutman和Cairo。他假装帮助他们找出猎鹰的位置。在此过程中,他搜寻了杀死Archer的人,发现那是Brigid。在发现他拿来的猎鹰是假的之后,尽管他已经爱上了她,但他还是将Brigid交给了警察。这个故事最成功的要点之一是,它通过情节的起伏和主人公的难以预测的性格紧紧抓住了观众的情绪。尼科·弗里达(Nico Frijda)的“情感法则”在帮助我们了解马耳他猎鹰如何引起观众的情感反应方面发挥了重要作用。

 

The Maltese Falcon

 

The Maltese Falcon is one of Dashiell Hammett’s most famous detective stories. The story  mainly develops around an invaluable black Falcon statue. It began with the murders of two people: Spade’s partner, Miles Archer, and Brigid’s follower, Thursby. Samuel Spade, who was a detector, was the protagonist of this story, while Brigid was a beautiful woman coming to ask Spade for help. Through Brigid, Spade discovered that there were some people looking for the falcon, including Brigid, Gutman and Cairo. He pretended to help them find out the location of the falcon. During the process, he searched for the person who killed Archer and found out it was Brigid. After discovering the falcon he fetched was fake, he sent Brigid to the police despite the fact that he had fallen in love with her. One of the most successful points of this story is that it tightly catches audience’s emotion through the ups and downs on plots and the unpredictable character of the protagonist. Nico Frijda’s “The Laws of Emotion” plays an important role in helping us understand how the The Maltese Falcon causes audience’s emotional responses.

“The law of habituation means that in life we get used to our circumstances whatever they are. The emotions, therefore, respond most readily to change. This means that we are always comparing what is happening to a relatively steady frame of reference (what we are used to). As a result our emotions tend to respond most readily to changes that are relative to this frame of reference”. This law offers us an easier perspective to perceive how the story arouses audience’s emotional fluctuation. It guides us to focus more on the changes created by the story, which play a crucial part in involving audience’s emotion. Through observation, it can be found that there are several changes guiding the development of the story and the audience’s emotion.

First, Brigid’s identity was disclosed. At the beginning, Brigid pretended to be a lady named Wonderly and fabricated a story to ask Spade for help, and then Miles Archer was murdered and she disappeared. All of these raised questions in readers’ heart and intrigued their curiosity. As story developed, changes occur. Wonderly was not Wonderly, but a name fabricated by Brigid. Focus of the story also surfaced: not on the murder, but on the searching of a falcon. The beginning of the story has already formed a shock for readers and they started to be emotionally attracted by the story and tightly followed the development of the story.

Second, Spade changed his attitude. The unpredictable character of Spade is the highlight of the story. The protagonist appeared to be wise, humorous, charming with the sense of justice at the beginning. However, as the secret of Maltese Falcon was disclosed, Spade seemed to be interested in the searching of the falcon and began to join Gutman in looking for the statue. It seemed like that he has forgotten the death of his partner and was tempted by the considerable wealth and the beauty of Brigid. He even negotiated with Gutman about the amount of money he could get after handing over the falcon. Such change causes readers’ doubt about that whether Spade is a justice detector. The contrast of Spade’s images respectively in readers’ heart and in the story can lead to audience’s emotional response to a great degree.

Third, it was an abrupt turn when the falcon Spade got was found fake. As the story developed, readers might be imagining what the falcon was like and what might happen if Spade handed out the falcon. And the moment when Spade has already handed out the falcon and Gutman was scrapping it, readers might have thought that Spade was as greedy and treacherous as Gutman and Cairo. However, another change happened. The falcon was a fake one! This comparison and twisted plot shocked readers again. Audience’s emotion has once again run high in this unexpected change. Therefore,change of audience’s emotion crucially lies on the change of plot.

Finally, Spade’s attitude towards Brigid led the story into another climax. Through the previous part of the story, audience might have thought that Spade was not as justice as he seemed like, but a greedy man who loved wealth like Gutman and Cairo. However, beyond our expectation, Spade, in the final scene, decided to sent Brigid to police despite the struggle that he  has fallen in love with her. He also confessed that he was revenging for Miles Archer. This design of plot and the abrupt change of the protagonist’s character once again amazed the audience. It not only developed out of expectation, but also left space for audience to reconsider the quality of Spade. Audience’s emotion once again was affected by the change of plot.

One law of Nico Frijda’s “The Laws of Emotion” lies in that changes can cause emotional response. When something happens that it is different from what we have imagined, it will lead to our special emotions, including: curious, amazed or shocked. Through this perspective, it is easier for us to understand why and how The Maltese Falcon can guide audience’s emotional response. There are a lot of changes covering the story. “The Laws of Emotion” guides us to attach high attention to these changes and study their effects on affecting audience’s emotion. Through the analysis above, it is obvious that these changes do have an impact on influencing audience’s emotion. Therefore, the usefulness of Nico Frijda’s “The Laws of Emotion” rests on that it offers readers a perspective to focus on the changes of story plots.

Bibliography

Dashiell Hammett, The Maltese Falcon, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1930.

Twelve Laws of the Emotion, Retrieve May 16, 2014 from

http://www.spring.org.uk/2008/12/12-laws-of-emotions.php.

 

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