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Sino-us trade dispute

2019-11-01 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Sino-us trade dispute,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中美贸易争端。中美贸易争端由来已久,近两年来尤为突出,成为国际贸易领域的热门的话题。尤其是在当前较为严峻的经济环境下,中美两个贸易大国的贸易摩擦却愈演愈烈。表面上看来,是中美之间的贸易摩擦贸易争端,本质上还是中美两国的贸易结构发生了变化。中国成为了美国最大的贸易逆差国。中国出口美国34%为低附加值产品,价格低廉。金属,化工,电子,轻工领域是摩擦重点。

Sino-us trade dispute,中美贸易争端,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

The historical law of social development is that the economic foundation determines the superstructure. The United States has always maintained its position as the world's dominant power, which is ultimately for the sustainable development of the American economy. In recent years, the "China threat" theory has been heard repeatedly, coupled with the ideological inconsistency between China and the United States, it is natural for the United States to prevent and obstruct China.

We can still think of the United States dominated the world trading system, also can understand the system behind America's interests, the United States is not for the sake of what the world datong to dominate the world trading system, actually behind is the natural needs of the development of the economy, but the current world economic pattern to the United States itself is also lost.

After the United States finished industrialization in the second half of the 19th century, as the largest industrial country, it had a huge domestic market to provide large-scale demand for its industry. But under the condition of the technology at that time, much of its industry still needs a lot of artificial, high labor costs lead to high commodity prices, seriously affect the end market consumption capacity and the final sales, also indirectly affect the investor's profit, so the control of core technology on the basis of looking for cheap labor resources has become a natural solution, then begin to have industry outsourcing, the original package out is closely related to people's livelihood of textile and garment industry, undertake with Japan.

After World War II, the United States increased the scale of this area, and also led the rise of several countries in east Asia, such as postwar Japan, the east Asian tigers and tigers. However, the scale of industry is a problem when assisting a big country like the United States. When these economies want to develop upward, they will inevitably cause labor shortage, push up the income level of labor force and give up part of such outsourcing industry. Therefore, such outsourcing industry can only constantly look for new low-cost labor resources.

In addition, expectations of higher incomes in the us as a whole have pushed up manufacturing costs further, leaving more industries looking for cheaper outsourcers to balance costs and profits. The trend ends in one of the world's biggest value depressions, China, where vast territory, massive infrastructure and the largest industrial population make it a haven for such outsourcing. The long-term low labor cost, high production efficiency and massive production capacity enable the outsourcing of production in the United States and all developed countries to be satisfied in China.

China has made a lot of money from this outsourcing of production, so-called processing trade, or export trade in a broader sense, and has accelerated the construction of its own infrastructure, making its own market gradually become a huge market similar to that of the United States. Although China has been industrializing for a very short time, the foundation of industrialization is solid.

On the basis of rapidly absorbing the industrialization achievements of the west, China's industry is also maturing rapidly. The production efficiency improvement and cost control are rapidly approaching the level of developed countries, which makes the comparative advantage of the manufacturing industry of western developed countries rapidly weaken. Moreover, in the American economy, as well as the entire western industrial manufacturing system, made-in-china has become an indispensable part. This is a time when exclusion of Chinese manufacturing is bound to have a huge cost impact. Moreover, due to the high threshold of industrialization, the cost advantage brought by China's manufacturing industry is not replicable, and the transfer of the industry to any other country will inevitably face the problem of cost increase and the corresponding chain shock. But it is a dilemma for the United States to continue to tolerate China's manufacturing conquests while waiting for the entire manufacturing advantage, or even the entire manufacturing base, to be lost.

On the face of it, it is the trade frictions and disputes between China and the United States. In essence, the trade structure between China and the United States has changed. China has become the largest trade deficit country in the United States, accounting for 47 percent of the total deficit in 2016. Thirty-four percent of China's exports to the United States are low value-added products at low prices. Metal, chemical, electronics, light industry areas are friction focus.

To put it another way, this is not just a trade war between China and the United States. It is a contest between a capitalist country or a developed country and these countries, including China and India, who build their capital on low-end manufacturing. Because the developed countries thought that by giving money and the poor developing countries giving money, they could, through a trade gap, rob a lot of what's called labor surplus value, and make very cheap products with very cheap labor. But then they found that the pattern was unsustainable. For example, in the process of developing low-end manufacturing industry, China and India, especially China, on the one hand, imitate and innovate through industrial upgrading and technology, and the products they produce can gradually compete with those of Europe and America, that is to say, the imitation countries in the product life cycle theory begin to surpass the innovation countries. Second, China has formed a very complete industrial chain in the production process and formed a certain scale economy. It can not only provide low-end goods for some countries, but even provide goods for high-end needs. The developed countries' competitive advantage will gradually be surpassed or even lost. So when the United States starts a trade war especially by imposing sanctions on China in the area of sophisticated technology it's really trying to get those advantages back to the United States. In other words, the essence of this trade war is actually a kind of industrial competition, which has changed from the traditional scale economy to monopoly. When the industry progresses, China is a country of imitation and the United States is a country of innovation. China inherits the innovation of the United States and the United States shares the benefits. The wage gap between the two countries is large and can be mutually beneficial as trade grows. As China's technological innovation advances and the us's technological innovation slows down, the gap between the two Narrows. After the output of both sides reaches a critical point, trade conflicts emerge, and China's growth will not benefit the us as much.

To sum up, the reason for a trade war has the following several aspects: economy, mainly due to the change of China's industrial structure and trade structure of China and the United States, politics is to maintain the status of the United States itself the world's leading powers, ideological differences in China and the United States, so the trade also has become a deep behind the conflict of the carrier.

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