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Art deco movement

2019-10-31 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Art deco movement,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了装饰艺术运动。20世纪初,第一次世界大战在西方社会的影响逐渐消散,整个社会的氛围都处于乐观的状态。社会发展到了一个富足的阶段,让人们对未来又重新充满了希望。此时,法国巴黎举行的一场名为“国际现代装饰和工业艺术展”的世界博览会,引起了一次全新的、影响范围极广的装饰艺术运动,装饰艺术运动也因这场展览而得名。从法国巴黎到全世界,将设计界的重点从古典引导至现代,为现代设计的到来做了非常重要的铺垫。

At the beginning of the 20th century, the influence of the World War I in western society gradually dissipated, and the atmosphere of the whole society was in a state of optimism. The development of society has reached a stage of abundance, which makes people full of hope for the future again. At this time, in 1925, a world's fair called "international modern decoration and industrial art exhibition" was held in Paris, France, which gave rise to a new and wide-ranging art deco movement. The art deco movement also got its name from this exhibition. From Paris, France to the world, the focus of the design industry from classical guide to modern, for the arrival of modern design has done a very important foreshadowing.

The western society in the early 20th century recovered from the influence of the World War I to a stable state, the European society's economy showed a general trend of prosperity, and the American economy was in a state of rapid development. Under such social conditions, the new artistic style has gained a space for development. Under the influence of the new era, artists and designers no longer oppose the mechanical form, but gradually accept some new materials. The 1925 exposition in Paris, France, gave birth to the "art deco" movement. The movement of "industrial art" and the movement of "new art" have been treated by artists and designers with critical eyes and introspection, and the defects of the two art movements have been found out: they treat the forms and production modes of modernization and industrialization with negative eyes. The improvement of people's quality of life led artists and designers to acknowledge the arrival of a new era and accept the form of industrialization. Different times, people's requirements for the quality of life has improved, designers are faced with a difficult task: looking for a new design that is different from the past era. Designers will be the mechanical form and modern characteristics through decoration to explore a new way, and at the same time, the mechanical form of characteristics become more natural, more elegant.

Previous design movements mostly extracted decoration from organic nature. The "art deco" movement was closely related to industrialization, regardless of the size of the designed products, from architecture to clocks. Use concise rectangular block structure extremely much, undertake connection of every structure with geometrical means again, use curve to undertake adornment will make the product more vivid. "Art deco" style design, whether for buildings or products, is usually very smooth and concise surface lines, edges are very clear.

Design in the period of "art deco" focused on decoration, not function. The details of decoration can be found in both architecture and product design. As a stage that admits industrialization, accept new era, "adornment art" the design style of adornment avoided natural element intentionally, and this also is with "new art" movement USES the element of nature in great quantities to undertake design distinction.

"Adornment art" the design in motion gave up the color that paid attention to elegance and reservation in previous design, cream color and earthy color are waited by stylist people the primary color that USES a product and metallic color place to replace. Designers boldly used many previously unused colors, bold use of black and white contrast, as well as previously rare coral powder and other colors, formed the "art deco" movement unique color system. At the same time, the two colors of soot and black are often seen as symbols of the new era and modernization, and are very common in the design at that time.

At that time, the social economy was generally prosperous. Ebony, leather, silk, bronze and other materials were the first choice of designers, while ivory, gold and other more valuable materials were used by designers to decorate and enhance the rich and luxurious atmosphere. But in 1929 after the outbreak of the great depression, formerly rich costly and difficult to continue, the designers began to find some new material, they will be many never use a material to carry on the design, such as plywood, black bakelite material, such as the applicability of these new materials was stronger than the previous traditional materials, at the same time also can use mechanized mass production, so the new material of more widely used by designers.

The Egyptian period was full of a special fascination for designers and artists. In tutankhamun's tomb unearthed before the period of "art deco", the lotus flower, dung beetle, pyramid and tower bridge are common cultural relics in Egypt, which provide new inspiration for designers.

The world of design has been influenced by primitive tribal art in Africa and South America. The exaggerated and concise lines of tribal masks have inspired artists and designers. The influx of foreign cultures also gave designers many inspirations, such as the shapes of ancient Chinese bronzes and early porcelains and the concise lines of furniture, the tongling towers in central and South America, African textiles, masks, folk sculptures and many other foreign cultures.

There were many different genres of early art, but they all had unique visual language, bold allegories, and rich colors. Designers get a lot of inspiration from it, and use geometric, abstract, cut and other elements to inject life into the design.

At the beginning of the 20th century, people were looking for an optimistic and joyful theme. At this time, many images in classical culture were extracted and designed by designers, which were deeply loved by people.

The design in the period of "art nouveaux" was too much in favor of handwork, while the period of "art deco" recognized industrialization. In the past, the complicated curves and twining patterns were criticized by designers, but this did not affect the extraction of essence from them.

In the early 20th century, dance began to produce significant reforms, which were reflected in costume design, music, choreographer, stage and other aspects. Music and dance also have an impact on designers.

At that time, the car in the market has been as an important means of transportation exists, by many people as a symbol of the future. Designers boldly adopt the achievements of industrial civilization and extract the elements as design ideas.

At that time, many large international exhibitions were held to promote the development of the design field. The exhibition in Paris in 1925 brought the art deco movement to a climax. The luxurious decoration, rich color and elegant pattern in the exhibition are a new direction for artists and designers.

The "art deco" movement was, to some extent, the beginning of modern design. It promoted handicraft industry from the advocation to the recognition of industrialization. But from the point of view of the object of design service, it is still a traditional art movement. Influenced by the class rule in France, design is mostly designed for the bourgeoisie, dignitaries and elites, and is an art movement serving the upper class, while modernist design should serve the public. "Art deco" movement is the continuation of "new art" movement. It opposes the delicacy of "new art" movement, but designers extract the essence of "new art" movement and apply it. The "art deco" movement combined eastern and western cultures once, seeking inspiration from different regional cultures and laying a foundation for modern design.

"Art deco" movement, as a transition to modern art design, combines the classical with the modern. The design in the period of "art deco" movement is full of humanization and industrialization. "art deco" is not a general term of style, but a term of period design. It is the imperfection of "art deco" movement that leads to modern art design. It is reasonable that many elements and ideas of "art deco" movement have been used by designers up to now.

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