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Financing trade

2019-10-28 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Financing trade,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了融资性贸易。融资性贸易一般指的是部分企业因为缺乏一定的资信,很难从银行利用自偿性贸易资源对企业资金不足的问题进行解决。根据相关规定,贸易双方可以对上下游客户进行控制,保证能够和国有企业有着良好合作,利用国有企业名义进行贸易合同签订,从而获得银行融资的一种贸易方式。等到货物销售完毕之后将相关手续费返还给国有企业,这是企业的融资目的,将贸易作为基本手段,将自身规模放大化,表面为代理贸易,实际为融资性贸易。

There will be challenges when there are opportunities in the development of enterprises. Financing trade is an important financing method in the development of enterprises. To a certain extent, this method can expand the scale of China's cement industry enterprises in a short time, and can effectively solve the problem of enterprise capital investment. However, some cement enterprises in China are not perfect in related mechanism, and the supervision and management is not strict enough, which makes them suffer from operational risks and various adverse factors to some extent.

Financing trade generally refers to the fact that some enterprises lack certain credit standing and it is difficult for them to solve the problem of insufficient capital by using self-reimbursing trade resources from Banks. According to the analysis of relevant provisions of notification of risk prevention of financing business, both parties can control upstream and downstream customers, ensure good cooperation with state-owned enterprises, sign trade contracts in the name of state-owned enterprises, and obtain bank financing as a trade method. After the goods are sold, the relevant handling fees will be returned to the state-owned enterprises, which is the purpose of financing for the enterprises. They will take trade as the basic means to enlarge their own scale, ostensibly as agent trade, but actually as financing trade.

In recent years, because the country has been implementing a prudent monetary policy, bank credit scale is also tightened due to various factors, based on this, social funds gradually appear tense state, the contradiction between supply and demand of funds gradually appeared. However, China's state-owned enterprises have stronger financing ability than private enterprises, which can enable enterprises with unbalanced strength to carry out effective development, increase their actual revenues and profits, and broaden their business channels, but also bring certain risk factors to enterprises.

In order to expand the actual scale of operation, a state-owned enterprise invested 100 million yuan to carry out commodity trade cooperation with a number of private enterprises. In this trade mode, state-owned enterprises first need to advance a certain amount of capital to suppliers for commodity purchase, and then take the proportion of the purchase price as the selling price of the enterprise, and then sell the goods to downstream enterprises in the form of pass-through. This trade mode only includes capital flow. Such upstream trade enterprises are generally determined by the downstream trade enterprise partners. State-owned enterprises in the middle position mainly provide funds, obtain expected benefits through sales price difference, and finally reach the financing mode of trade cooperation. State-owned enterprises in the trade guarantees sex trade ways, but guarantees the enterprise also has associated with trade partners, because the external economic environment influence, make the cooperation deteriorated phenomenon, capital chain rupture, cooperation expires, failed to be carried out in accordance with the relevant requirements for loans returned, state-owned enterprises after many consultations use legal weapons to protect enterprise, but because influenced by the ability of the applicant, the credit guarantee fails to play a fundamental role, make enterprise in two-thirds of the capital losses. Because of the increase of enterprise financing risk, prompted sasac issued "on further strengthening the central enterprise commodity business risk prevention related matters of emergency notice" and "on the central enterprise business component to prevent relevant matters of emergency notice" about the central enterprise financing business risk information bulletin and other documents, strengthen risk warning.

Learned from the above case, the terms in the contract if can guarantee the normal performance of every year can obtain billions yuan from trade type and even more revenue, can in the short term will enterprise scale and receivables scale, at the same time also to be able to effectively solve the problems arising from the trade cooperation, achieve a win-win situation. However, according to the analysis of the basic nature of trade, it is not difficult to find the adverse factors and risks.

Financing trade has a certain degree of self-compensation. The basic repayment ability and capital strength of trade cooperative enterprises, including repayment willingness, are the key factors leading to the risk. Although state-owned enterprises can conduct certain checks on cooperative units before the start of trade, it is difficult for them to have a relatively perfect system to escort enterprises like financial and credit enterprises, which will leave great financial risks to some extent. According to the analysis of China's current trade pattern, state-owned enterprises failed to fully control the goods, and the advance funds were held by the counterparty. This will make the settlement of funds more difficult, and their risk factors within the scope of regulatory uncertainty. In particular, in the process of macroeconomic development, risks arising from trade cooperation will be downwind and passed on to enterprises that provide certain support, which will increase the debt of China's state-owned enterprises. In order to reduce the capital risk, although trade cooperative enterprises can provide certain credit guarantee for related enterprises, if there is a systemic risk or a systematic event, the capital risk reduction will not only not be alleviated, but also make the capital risk expand.

Compared with China's state-owned enterprises, private enterprises are less able to obtain loans from Banks, and enterprises have greater difficulties in actual financing, which will be affected by China's relevant financial laws and regulations and loans between enterprises. Therefore, the corresponding transformation approach is often used to obtain the financing purpose of private enterprises, which leads to the financing trade. Under normal circumstances, the enterprise with capital needs can obtain funds, and the financing party can obtain relative benefits. On the surface, it seems to be able to achieve a win-win situation. However, if the enterprise with capital needs gets into trouble, it will lose the ability to repay debts. If money lenders with relevant legal rights and interests protection, may make this kind of financing trade does not have substantial, would be considered to use trade way for overnight loans between enterprises, the contract is invalid probability increases, it contains the trade contract and the inefficiencies of guaranty contract, for the types of trade related invoice falsely making out invoice, on the one hand may be considered to enterprise companies will bear huge losses because of this a content, will be in the trade activity is called the "beautiful".

The upstream and downstream customers in financing activities will be controlled, and there may be a certain correlation between the upstream and downstream customers, which does not have authenticity, but must issue special VAT invoice, which can be judged as false VAT invoice according to relevant laws and regulations in China. Once the other side enterprise USES the invoice that opens to undertake value added tax evading, can bring about serious influence, still can produce legal responsibility.

Due to the influence of various policies and various factors in China, enterprises with limited capital use financing trade to solve this problem. State-owned enterprises and private enterprises can obtain certain economic benefits from trade through cooperation, but the state-owned enterprises in these activities have been playing an auxiliary role, and the sales task is mainly cooperative units. In the long run, state-owned enterprises have a certain dependence on this form of trade, which will lead to a large amount of capital being occupied by partners, leading to the failure of the enterprise's main business to achieve the expected economic benefits, so that state-owned enterprises will reduce their competitiveness.

Need to do detailed investigation process, basic credit cooperative security situation require detailed analysis and research, on-site and on-the-spot investigation, a comprehensive grasp of basic economic cooperation unit, mainly to understand the financial situation, the basic ability to repay, business risk, management ability and the use of funds, analyze the top manager's comprehensive quality, and judging from the Angle of multiple risks.

In order to reduce the capital risk of enterprises, financing trade enterprises not only need to provide a certain amount of deposit, but also need to offset collateral. After market assessment, corresponding discount should be taken to handle collateral formalities according to the basic business risk types and other factors, and guarantee measures should be fully implemented. If the procedures cannot be effectively handled, it is necessary to provide a credit guarantee with strong credit capacity and the enterprise shareholders assume unlimited joint and several liabilities, so as to avoid the situation of capital transfer, further implement the measures and minimize the risk loss of the enterprise.

This activity to carry out the need for cooperation unit and basic business situation to carry on dynamic supervision and guarantee to be able to form a perfect and scientific evaluation system, a reference to judge and analyze mortgage assets quality, at the same time can also strengthen the business of the actual degree of risk analysis, from many Angle to evaluate business and cooperative enterprises, guarantee to operate under control. If the customer breaches the contract, it is necessary to take emergency measures, and legal means can be adopted when necessary to protect the rights and interests of the enterprise.

We will establish an early warning system for the risk of bulk commodities to reflect the actual fluctuation trend and situation of market prices in a timely manner. Control the risk of commodity price fluctuations. If the corresponding conditions permit, hedging measures can be taken to reduce risks and cope with the impact of falling prices.

The development of cement enterprises in China not only needs sustainable development in the construction of projects, but also needs sufficient capital as support. Enterprise development itself needs a large amount of capital. In order to carry out effective capital turnover in enterprise development, effectively relieve the capital pressure and obtain corresponding economic benefits for enterprises, it is necessary to carry out financing trade activities. The state-owned assets supervision and administration commission of the People's Republic of China (sasac) has issued the measures for the implementation of the investigation of central enterprises' illegal operation and investment liability, in which article 9 stipulates that the following cases shall be investigated for liability: "To provide credit sales credit, qualification, guarantee or prepayment in violation of regulations, to use business prepayment or material transaction in disguised forms of financing, need to bear corresponding legal liabilities. In the process of enterprise development, it is necessary to integrate the awareness of risk management and control into the daily development of the enterprise, establish an effective mechanism of risk management with relevant operational norms, and strengthen internal control.

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