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Realistic painting and photography

2019-10-25 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Realistic painting and photography,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了写实绘画与摄影术。1830年,摄像术诞生了,它对绘画产生了巨大的冲击,引起了众多写实画家的惊恐。和以往靠画家画素描来收集资料的方法相比,摄影更为快捷,方便和丰富,是一种更为先进的科技手段。使艺术家脱离了繁杂体力劳动,还节省了时间更是开阔了眼界。摄像术使那些转瞬即逝的场景有了再现的机会,它填补了艺术家记忆的有限和残缺不全,它使艺术家的描绘更加准确,细节更加丰富。

Since the emergence of photography in Europe in the early 19th century, after more than 100 years of unremitting efforts by people, there has been a leap in the development of technology. More and more have played an important role in People's Daily life. Also produced a great impact on realistic painting, replaced the original painting records the role of objects, and has continued to the present. It makes it much easier and faster for artists to collect materials, so that now some students go to the countryside to collect pictures and then come back to create. The artist's sense of reality is getting weaker and weaker. Therefore, it is worth discussing and studying how to better retain the precious painting experience accumulated by artists over thousands of years and make our painting develop towards a more artistic direction while creating with photos.

A photo is a moment caught. The photographer's pursuit is fleeting beauty, missed may never encounter. Painting, however, depicts the eternal solidification of beauty. It is the reality presented by a combination of moments, the reality processed by subjective art, and the true feelings of the painter. Since the birth of photography more than 100 years ago, from the perspective of recording the real world technology, painting has been gradually eroded by photos, and how does the representational realism persist in surviving in such a situation, and express its emotional colors while using photos, this is a problem.

As early as 330 BC, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle discovered the optical phenomenon of small-hole imaging. The resulting camera obscures were used by many artists before the advent of photography to accurately draw objects and frame scenes. The famous Dutch painter vermeer is a master who makes use of this principle. Later generations speculate that his works are obtained through camera lens. In the work girl with pearl earring, the painting shows the blurred effect of light and shadow which can only be obtained through camera lens, which proves this conjecture. In his few works, we find that his works are basically accurate imitation and reproduction of reality. And every detail follows the laws of how light travels through space. It is the same feeling as the light and whiteness in modern camera pictures.

In 1830, the French painter daguerre used the pinhole imaging as the basic principle, invented the first life, announced the birth of photography. It had a great impact on painting, causing the horror of many realistic painters. At that time, the French artist DE la rocio said: "from now on, painting is dead". First and foremost, as a painter who paints portraits and landscapes for a living, photography has the advantage of being fast and accurate, and very economical. It is inevitable that many artists will lose their jobs as customers choose photos that are cheap and fashionable. Many of them had to change careers as photographers with a touch of paint. Fortunately, they can bring painting factors, such as composition, level, shape, black and white relationship, density and so on, into the photographic works. Many of the photos taken imitate the shape and decoration in the painting.

The camera technique is a certain adverse effect on painting, a large number of artists began to explore the spirit in photography's potential visual, they for the new technical method showed high enthusiasm, began to use pictures as reference of painting creation, impressionist painter famous slaughter tired, degas and other work based on often also with pictures. Interestingly, the last of the classical master Angle was very much against the emergence of photos, he thought the painter use photo painting is a kind of cheating, and asked the government to ban the use of the camera technique, but according to come back, his famous work "spring" naked female image was shot in 1856, according to rafael nadal one creation, and proved that he has been using pictures to paint. But we can see that the painter is not loyal to the photo, he still added a lot of understanding and aesthetic painting.

Portraits taken by photographers, including human bodies, including ethnic costumes, ancient buildings, exotic and other photographic works, have become valuable materials and sources of inspiration for painters. Compared with previous methods of collecting data by drawing sketches by artists, photography is more rapid, convenient and abundant, which is a more advanced means of science and technology. It makes artists get rid of complicated manual labor and saves time, which also broadens their horizon. Photography allows the reproduction of those fleeting scenes. It fills the limited and incomplete memory of the artist. It makes the artist's depiction more accurate and rich in details. It is a matter of course that artists have made extensive use of photographs, which brought a new look to realist paintings after the 1850s, but also led to many passive imitations of paintings. Become an adjunct to the photograph. Gradually exposed a series of problems caused by the use of photographs, revealing the shortcomings of photography itself.

French art critic and poet baudelaire strongly condemned that photography is the enemy of art, which will lead to the decline of poetry in painting. It is understandable that the camera does not have the ability to choose and reject the objective object, so it records the object in an equal and comprehensive way. If the painter blindly copy the details when creating with photos, the works will be boring without distinction of primary and secondary importance. First, the function of the camera is recorded its view picture of the machinery, we can see the parts in the photo is a connection and seems desultorily, there may be some local looks good, we can according to these ideas a picture, but sometimes minor part of the picture is very clear, give a person the sense of a presumptuous guest usurps the host's role. Therefore, it can be seen that photography is only an application of mechanical technology and a means and approach to provide materials for artistic creation. It cannot be classified as art, and works of art should focus on the primary and secondary.

Rousseau, a famous painter of barbizon school, said to his students: "the mark of the completion of a work is not how many details you depict, but whether the whole sense of your picture has been achieved. When we paint, we must have a visual center, and other parts should be secondary. The details are endless, and your work will be postponed indefinitely if you wish. No matter to what degree a painting is painted, it must be complete. Therefore, the painter should put his energy on the key point when creating, instead of trying to copy all the details into the picture, which is impossible to do. Only through the professional knowledge and skills mastered by the painter, his own thoughts, feelings and personality into the work, the painting moved their own works, it is possible to move the audience.

Another problem is that the painter relies too much on the use of camera, which causes his imagination to decline, his writing ability to decline and his creativity to be poor, which greatly reduces the professional quality of the artist. Usually when a painter is creating a work, he must first have an idea in his mind, and then he can peel it off layer by layer and put it on the canvas step by step. Miller, a famous impressionist painter, depicted nature mainly through memory and experience when creating. He would usually make some brief records in his sketchbook and only choose what he needed without endless in-depth depiction. And the scene that wants to depict firmly in the mind, and then draw with amazing memory. In the chaos of memory, only through hard training, can freely extract the image of the need in the mind. From the perspective of details, miller's works are subjectively refined. He retains some main features of the image in the picture, while those insignificant details are omitted to make the picture more overall. For example, his famous work "the gleaner" appears to be very holistic and detailed. When creating composition, rigorous realist painters are not satisfied with simple stacking of many details of life, but give full play to their creative imagination and organically combine a number of fragments to make the picture an organic whole. When we watch the exhibition in the art gallery, we can often see many works with superb realistic techniques. Moreover, they keep innovating and exploring techniques, texture and themes. It can be said that the best intentions, painstaking. With the help of today's high-tech photography, the picture is gorgeous to be envied, neat to be admired and precise to be convincing. They spend their energy on the surface of the picture, but they do not know the kung fu is outside the poem. They rush excitedly towards the palace of art, but unfortunately, many works are soulless and boring. People who draw have asked others or themselves this question, "what kind of painting can make people move?" In fact, the answer is in your heart, only out of your sincere heart, when painting the expression of your feelings, even if your pen is clumsy, crude, but the painting of the true temperament, is a good work. For example, van gogh's "self-portrait with an ear cut off" is so touching, because he is from the heart, depicting the real feelings of the time.

Due to the physical and mechanical limitations of photography, the colors in the photos are destined to be far less colorful than the layers of human retina. If the painter cannot process the picture according to his true feelings and the painting accomplishment he has cultivated, he can only mechanically describe it. The created work has no vitality, and he is not moved, how can he move others? Another problem is that painters generally use photos to create, resulting in the similarity of the style of works, which is a sad thing in the era of advocating the creativity and uniqueness of painting.

In the process of using photos to create, the painter actually has many disadvantages. Should we continue to use photos? Answer makes affirmative, because it is the product of The Times, it is the progress of science and technology, make irresistible tide. Few contemporary painters can resist the temptation of photos as creative materials. Today, the intimate relationship between photos and paintings is closer than any other, and only it can capture the beautiful moment when the object is fleeting. However, for artistic creation, these functions of the camera are not enough. At most, it can serve as a revelation rather than the completion of the work of art. So we can't exactly copy the photo, it's just a reference object for creation, a tool to make up for memory. Art comes from life and is higher than life. Therefore, when we use photos, we should use human senses to enhance our feelings in the scene of nature. Photo realism takes advantage of the convenience of high technology to create a stunning effect. But the disadvantage is obvious. It is naturalism without artistic processing. As another medium of reflection, the painter needs to use various painting methods to trace the structure and volume of the object, which is more subjective and creative than photos. The organic combination of these two kinds of reflection media allows the painter to make active use of the photo instead of copying it passively.

In a word, artists should focus on sketching, improve their artistic accomplishment, cultivate their memory, imagination and creativity, and pay attention to the training of basic painting skills. The use of photos has advantages and disadvantages, we should make full use of the advantages and avoid the disadvantages, and make reasonable use of it. Understand that it is only a reflection agent. It is a reference tool for artists to create paintings. Rather than replace the artist to experience life to find creative inspiration. Only in this way can artistic creation develop in the long run.

Realistic painting and photography are actually completed through people's hands and eyes, are the product of human social activities. They also have the responsibility and function of recording social life. From this point of view, photography has an absolute advantage. It can record any moment in any part of the world in one second. More and more realistic artists can not be created without photos, as the romantic painter delacroix said, "photography is practical, can avoid entangled with the model." The imitation of realistic painting is an ancient, complex and slow activity. Therefore, realistic painting must not copy photos, but should use absorption and integration, in the process of creation to add their own experience of life and artistic accomplishment. From the perspective of history, the combination of photography and painting is the expression and reflection of a culture and an era. It has a specific social significance, photography for artists to provide a new visual experience and visual thinking. We should use and accept it so as to promote the development of our own painting language and art form.

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