代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

Russian economic crisis

2019-09-11 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Russian economic crisis,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了俄罗斯经济危机。四年前,遭遇西方联合制裁的俄罗斯,在美国的打压下,卢布贬值,股价狂跌,进出口大幅萎缩,俄罗斯经济一蹶不振。201411月开始负增长,2015年,俄罗斯全年GDP下降幅度达2.83%。之后在普京的带领下,俄罗斯经济最终实现了自我拯救。2016年开始复苏,2017GDP增速接近2%,基本上已经克服了美国的经济制裁。

economic crisis,俄罗斯经济危机,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

Donald trump sent Turkey's lira into the abyss with a tweet. The sharp fall in the Turkish lira shocked the world. Next, an economic crisis triggered by a currency crisis unfolded in Turkey. Turkey's fate is reminiscent of Russia's. Four years ago, Russia, which was also hit by western sanctions, saw its rouble depreciate, its stock price plummet, its imports and exports shrink sharply and its economy collapse. Negative growth began in November 2014. In 2015, Russia's GDP dropped by 2.83%. But under Mr Putin, the Russian economy has finally come to its rescue. The recovery began in 2016, with GDP growth of nearly 2% in 2017, which has basically overcome the economic sanctions imposed by the United States. If Turkey's woes are a microcosm of today's emerging economies, Russia's experience of rescuing itself is instructive in the context of a strengthening dollar, a sensitive global economy and a series of currency collapses in emerging economies.

Energy exports are an important pillar of the Russian economy. In 2017, 40 per cent of Russia's revenues came from the energy sector. In the structure of foreign trade, oil and gas exports account for nearly 70% of total exports, equivalent to one third of GDP. In order to raise the international crude oil price and reduce the loss of energy export caused by the price drop, Russia has been increasing its influence on Opec. In 2016, Russia successfully realized the joint production cut plan with the organization of petroleum exporting countries, bringing the international crude oil market back to the level of $60 per barrel. In 2016, Russia's oil exploitation and export volume increased by 2.5% to 547 million tons. Oil exports rose 4.8 percent to 254 million tons in 2016 from 2015. Russia's foreign trade grew by more than 25 percent in 2017, providing a material basis for Russia to weather the crisis, according to the state statistics bulletin.

Russia is well aware that a single economic structure cannot withstand the risks of fluctuations in the world economy. If the price of oil is too high, beyond a certain limit, it will not only lead to a decline in purchasing intentions of importing countries, but also stimulate the development of alternative energy. Therefore, while increasing energy exports, more attention should be paid to the development of manufacturing and the real economy. Mr Putin believes that western counter-measures to limit imports have created opportunities for important sectors such as agriculture and food processing. In the transformation process of Russian economy from relying on energy export to comprehensive industry, agriculture is a dominant industry, playing an important role in the export of foreign exchange. In recent years, the foreign exchange income of Russian agricultural products has reached about 1/4 of the foreign exchange income of Russian natural gas export. In 2017, Russia became the world's largest wheat exporter. Data released by Russia's animal and plant health supervision bureau showed that Russia exported 1.231 million tons of grain and processed food products to China on July 1, 2017 and May 15, 2018, 18 times the amount of similar products exported from July 1, 2014 to June 30, 2015.

Russia believes the use of the dollar as a clearing currency, against the backdrop of growing tensions between Russia and the us, poses huge risks and hidden dangers to the Russian financial system. To this end, Russia should join the eu and work towards the goal of "de-dollarization". This will not only weaken the hegemony of the us dollar, but also bring it closer to the eu and reduce the negative impact of sanctions. Russia has urged the European Union to increase the share of the euro in its foreign trade settlement in return for opposing the expansion of U.S. economic sanctions against Russia. The dollar's share of trade contracts with non-cis countries has fallen from 84.2 per cent in 2013 to 73.2 per cent in 2017, while the euro's share has risen from 9.2 per cent to 16.9 per cent, according to central bank statistics.

Russia is also working with China to achieve the goal of de-dollarisation through renminbi settlement. As early as 2015, gazprom converted the currency used to settle crude oil from dollars to yuan. Currently, China is the largest buyer of Russian oil exports. In 2017, China imported 59.79 million tons of oil from Russia. Russia has also agreed to use the yuan to settle military technical cooperation and trade in military products.

Russia has also spent heavily on gold in an effort to accelerate the pace of de-dollarisation. Mr Putin sees gold reserves as a hedge against geopolitical risk, protecting Russian interests in trade and currency conflicts and ultimately thwarting western financial machinations. To that end, Russia's central bank is mining and increasing its gold holdings at the fastest pace in nearly 12 years, while it is shedding U.S. treasuries at the fastest pace in nearly six years. So far, Russia has sold half of its $96.1 billion in U.S. Treasury bonds and its total gold reserves have reached 1,890.8 tons, overtaking China as the world's fifth-largest gold holder.

"Looking east" is one of Mr Putin's most important strategic ideas, especially as Russia speeds up economic co-operation with the asia-pacific region after joint western economic sanctions. From putin's signing of the "far east -- hectare" land law, to the establishment of the kuril islands "advance development zone", to the establishment of the "Vladivostok free port", it has helped Russia to ease the western economic sanctions. As a result, Russia's far east federation ranked second in total foreign investment and first in per capita foreign investment in 2017.

On the international stage, Russia has taken an active part in the activities of the sco, brics and apec, and carried out extensive cooperation with China, Japan, the rok, India, asean and other Asian countries. With the joint efforts of Russia and some cis countries, the Eurasian economic union, as an important part of the Eurasian union, was officially opened on January 1, 2015. This marks the achievement of Russia's leading regional economic integration and opens the way for the connection between the Eurasian union and "One Belt And One Road". One Belt And One Road has lifted the china-russia economy from ordinary commercial exchanges to a new height of equipment manufacturing and production capacity cooperation. The Russian economy is facing a severe structural crisis, and China needs to reduce overcapacity and achieve transformation and upgrading. This provides a strong internal driving force for china-russia cooperation in equipment manufacturing and production capacity. Production capacity cooperation will help China to absorb excess production capacity. For Russia, it is beneficial to both sides to absorb China's high-quality production capacity and participate in its infrastructure construction.

The stable domestic political environment and high public support rate are the secret of Russia's economic recovery in a short time.

Russia is not a hero of macro data, aiming to increase people's welfare and improve living standards. In order to achieve the goal of "unite and eliminate poverty", Russia has been strengthening the top-level design of the social security system, and clearly dividing the responsibilities, obligations and rights of the state and society in the areas of social security, medical care, housing and education. In principle, the state shall provide the basic security system, and the market shall meet the diversified needs. All the people shall participate in the construction of the social security system.

For retirees, we will overcome difficulties, fulfill our commitments, and provide pensions and living allowances in a timely manner. Starting from January 1, 2015, pensions increased by about 10% and the minimum wage increased from 5,554 rubles to 5,965 rubles, benefiting more than 1 million people. For the unemployed, on the one hand, we will increase unemployment subsidies to solve their practical difficulties. On the other hand, we should strengthen technical training for the unemployed to improve their employability. In the field of medical and health care, we have established and improved the national medical security system, encouraged private capital to invest in medical services, stabilized the price of imported drugs, and made medical insurance compulsory. In terms of housing, on the one hand, for low-income people and vulnerable groups, the government provides low-income housing or low-rent housing to realize home ownership; On the other hand, for the middle and high income group, housing privatization can be realized through the adjustment of the real estate market to meet the higher demand. In the field of education, we will increase government spending on higher education and subsidize employment training for college graduates. In order to get rid of the population crisis, with the support of the government, the burden of newborn birth and dependency should be reduced, the fertility desire of young people should be improved, the birth ratio of second and third children should be significantly increased, and the natural population growth should be realized.

The economic crisis has inflicted huge wounds on the Russian economy, but ordinary people are not blaming putin. On the contrary, putin's approval ratings have risen rather than fallen. Polls show putin's approval rating hovering around 80 percent. Thirty years ago, western ideology, like a storm, destroyed Russia's national self-confidence, ruined the destiny of the country, and its international standing plummeted. In the last decade, Russia has achieved a perfect combination of nationalism and heroism. Under the call and leadership of putin, Russia has vigorously carried out patriotic education and propagandised the spirit of patriotism. Slogans and flags can be seen everywhere. The national solidarity has been unprecedentedly improved. Most russians believe that the current economic difficulties, caused by the west's provocation and containment, can only be united out of the economic crisis. In 2009, 19% of respondents said they were satisfied with their lives and those of their families, according to the all-russia polling center. In 2013, that figure rose to 34 percent; In 2015, it was 46 percent.

In addition to grassroots support, Mr. Putin is embraced by wealthy businessmen. At the height of the Russian economy's troubles, Mr. Putin thought of nearly $500 billion in offshore assets abroad. He called the businessmen and asked them to bring their overseas assets back to Russia. The first to respond to putin's order was usmanov, Russia's richest man, with a total worth of $18.6 billion. He decided to sell his telecoms and iron ore stakes abroad to the real economy at home. "As long as Russia needs me, I am ready to give everything I have to Russia, because I am her citizen and I am proud of it," usmanov said.

To save Russia, many rich people gave up their extravagant lifestyles. The 32-year-old supermodel, winner of the "Russian ladies" and "Mrs Global" competitions, is part of Russia's super-rich class. However, when the New Year arrived, korirova changed her plans to go skiing in Europe and chose to spend the holiday at home. Orders for her latest luxury imported car have also been cancelled, with foreign workers no longer employed, but employed in Russia. Coryrova says all her assets are in the country, as is her husband, a successful businessman. Instead of complaining about antagonism with the west and the loss of their wealth, a large group of wealthy people, represented by ms karelova, have cut spending, eschews glitzy parties and stuck firmly with Russia during the economic crisis.

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创assignment代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有assignment代写、essay代写、paper代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的assignment代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多assignment代写范文 提供北美作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇:The standardization of documen 下一篇:Financing problems of securiti