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Donna halavisenberg theory

2019-09-10 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Donna halavisenberg theory,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了唐娜·哈拉维的赛博格理论。1985年,唐娜·哈拉维模仿《共产党宣言》的笔法,撰写并发表了著名的《赛博格宣言》,宣言中独特的视角与全新的观点引起了学术界的巨大反响与轰动。哈拉维赛博格理论的提出与当时的社会科技发展状况及各种女性主义流派的兴起与争论有着密不可分的关系。赛博格理论的提出,为女性主义走出困境开辟了一条全新的道路。

In 1985, Donna harraway copied the writing style of the communist manifesto and wrote and published the famous "cyborg manifesto". The unique perspective and brand new viewpoint in the manifesto aroused great repercussions and sensation in the academic circle. The theory of hala viseberg is closely related to the development of social science and technology and the rise and debate of various feminist schools.

Since the third scientific and technological revolution, the rapid development and wide application of science and technology have brought great impact on human production and life. Therefore, some scholars began to pay attention to and study the relationship between these high-tech and human beings. In 1948, Nobert Wiener published cybernetics, which combines neurophysiology and pathology in biological sciences, computer and computer technology, communication engineering, automatic regulation and other technologies, providing a new methodology for the research of modern science and technology, and opening a new era for the research of organism and machine. The profound thought has attracted widespread attention, soon after, a combination of computer, cybernetics, information and sensing technology, artificial intelligence and other disciplines and form of the robot technology raised a hot wave of scientific and technological progress, and cybernetics as a research system with adaptive ability structure rule and the process of science, become the technology development in this period is the important theory basis.

At the same time, science fiction, as a form of expression of technological culture, entered a prosperous period of development. Some science fiction writers took the relationship between human and machine as the writing material and background, combined with their own strange ideas, sketched various images of robots, mutant humans and superman. Soon, science fiction films based on these novels appeared. For example, alien, terminator, etc., all of these works show the science fantasy of man-machine integration, and they are full of man-machine integration characters and human-machine interface scenes.

It is these scientific researches on the relationship between man and machine and the science fantasy of man-machine integration that provide sufficient realistic basis and imagination space for the proposal of hala viseberg theory.

From the 18th century to the 1980s, various feminist schools emerged one after another. Each school put forward its own views and propositions, but it was also criticized and opposed by other schools. Liberal feminism genre of equality, justice, think women as the root cause of the disadvantaged groups oppressed lies in the lack of equal education opportunities and fair competition, but the theory did not mention the problem such as race, class, caused by the differences, and still have value of male center, caused the genre of opposition from other women. In the politics of sex, Kate millett argues that men have an institutional right to women that is not innate but socially constructed. This is a huge challenge to the idea that women's subordination is a product of nature. The radical feminist school developed its own ideas based on this. The field of sex and body is the most concerned field of radical feminism. Katherine McKinnon, a representative of radical feminism, famously said, "sex to feminism is what work is to marxism: both self-owned and deprived." But the school's extreme view of gender and men as enemies quickly drew fierce criticism from other schools.

In the 1970s, socialist feminism emerged. The school points out that only by changing the entire social structure, namely overthrowing capitalism and establishing socialism, can real gender equality be realized. However, scholars who are critical of this view argue that this analysis confers the division of labor caused by gender differences with capitalism and ignores the fact that women are still oppressed in socialist society.

So feminists began to wonder: is male dominance really biological? Are there other theories that explain why women can't move on from the past? Soon, Freud's concept of "unconsciousness" brought light to these feminist scholars. Some senior feminists believe that Freud's unconscious concept put forward and prove that destroyed the rationality, subjectivity and the significance, and provides the cultural determinism, which can be used to resist the biological determinism of gender identity theory and physiology, so they started to use Freud's psychoanalysis study feminism at the root of the oppressed, the resulting psychoanalytic feminist schools. However, although the feminist theory of psychoanalysis provides a new perspective for women's liberation, scholars who hold critical opinions on the theory point out that Freud's psychoanalysis has the color of patriarchal system, and feminism should not borrow its theory, but adopt a comprehensive critical attitude to it. Some scholars believe that psychoanalytic feminism is difficult to solve the practical problems of women and shows political incompetence.

At the same time when feminism is facing difficulties again, postmodernism begins to be popular in western social culture, art and philosophy. Postmodernism opposes defining a given text, representation or symbol in the form of various conventions, and points out that it can be interpreted from the perspective of individuals, situations, culture, politics and even sex. In other words, different readers can interpret a given text differently, and the traditional male interpretation is deconstructed by feminists and marginalized interpreters. Based on the above cultural background, hala d from the standpoint of the postmodernism, argued that only scattered, local small theory is effective, the moral and political ideas based on the context of a small scale, and most entrenched in western knowledge structure of the two socialist criticism, puts forward the theory of game's, for feminist opened up a new path out of the woods.

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