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Short-term universities in Japan and community colleges in the United States

2019-07-08 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Short-term universities in Japan and community colleges in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了日本的短期大学和美国的社区学院。日本的短期大学和美国的社区学院都是二战后为适应本国经济发展而出现的一种高校类,为经济的发展培养了很多实用人才,也满足了众多青年接受高等教育的需求。另外,两者在招收对象、修业年限、专业和课程设置、办学特点等诸多方面有相似之处。

Short-term universities,community college,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

Short-term universities in Japan and community colleges in the United States are among the types of universities that emerged after World War II to adapt to the country's economic development. They have cultivated a large number of practical talents for the development of the economy, while meeting the needs of many young people to receive higher education. They have similarities in many aspects such as enrollment objects, length of study, specialty and course setting, characteristics of running schools, etc. Here, we only discuss the way that colleges and universities serve the society from two aspects of specialty setting and course type, so as to learn from their experience and serve for the reform and development of China's higher education.

Short-term universities in Japan and community colleges in the United States set up specialties according to local conditions to meet the needs of regional economic development and cultivate practical talents for economic development. This is not only their characteristics, but also one of the important reasons for the development of such schools. Take community colleges in the United States as an example. In the 1940s, community colleges mainly offered business, household management and secretarial services. In the 1960s, the society was in urgent need of talents in science and technology and management, so community colleges offered vocational courses in computer, petrochemical industry, automation and other fields. In the 1980s, with the rapid development of the tertiary industry and the urgent need for talents in the service industry, the professional Settings of community colleges have become increasingly diversified, offering business administration, accounting, sales, tourism, computer application, office automation and other majors. Since the 1990s, the expansion of occupational classification has been rapidly reflected in the professional setting of community colleges and closely linked with the regional economy. For example, the community college in the long beach area of Los Angeles offers a series of majors to meet the needs of local airlines, shipyards, telephone and transportation enterprises. Pitmouth community college in south Carolina offers a robotics program, considering its proximity to the largest robotics manufacturing facility in the United States. In the 1970s, in order to meet the urgent needs of kindergarten teachers, primary school teachers and nurses, Japanese short-term universities set up corresponding departments, which trained a large number of education and health workers for the society and the region. At present, short-term universities in Japan and community colleges in the United States are still adding new majors as the regional economy develops. In terms of teaching methods, the school attaches great importance to cultivating students' ability to practice and connect theory with practice. Most of the teaching time is spent on professional knowledge and skills training, so students can immediately take up posts after graduation, which is very popular in the society and has a high employment rate. To strengthen school links with the region economy, absorb the people such as the business community in the school management system, they both provide employment information, and on the professional and curriculum review, etc., and through part-time teachers have a lot of the community talent demand information, strengthen the targeted professional Settings, in order to avoid the unreasonable setting and cause the waste of education investment.

Schools in the two countries offer three types of courses for different social needs. The first category: basic courses. These courses are the same as those offered in the first two years of a college, and allow students to move on to their third year of college. Category two: certificate granting programmes. I will study for 2 years, and obtain the certificate after graduation. I can get employment in my community or society, which belongs to the nature of vocational education. Such courses meet the needs of some students who want to master a skill in a short period of time for employment. Community colleges in the United States have established career centers to help students choose the right career. Category 3: continuing education courses. The target age span that recruits is very big, majority is the on-the-job employee that has a few years of work experience, the knowledge that learns is used to raise, update oneself knowledge, in order to have development in the future. American community colleges also cater to the needs of retirees and minority students by offering courses. It is precisely because these colleges and universities cater to the diverse needs of students at different levels that they are particularly popular with a wide range of students. Because these two kinds of schools can adapt to the social and economic development, the change of industrial structure and the diversity of educatees' needs, coupled with the low fees, students can enroll nearby and other reasons, they have developed rapidly. At present, there are more than 800 community colleges among the 3, 601 colleges and universities in the United States, which are almost in every community in the United States. By the 1970s, the number of short-term universities in Japan had increased 20 times since the beginning of the 1950s.

At present, China is in a period of rapid economic growth. Economic development needs a large number of technicians and managers with certain theoretical basis and practical operation ability. However, some majors in colleges and universities are old and old, which cannot timely reflect the new achievements of science and technology. In terms of teaching methods, students' practical ability is neglected, which leads to the graduates' weak practical ability and weak adaptability and flexibility in work. Therefore, it is necessary to learn from the experience and characteristics of Japanese short-term universities and American community colleges. Two Suggestions are put forward:

We will further improve the quality of adult education colleges and vocational education colleges in various regions, open up ways and means of running schools, raise funds from various sources, and encourage local governments to run schools independently.

Vocational education colleges and adult education colleges in China are similar to American and Japanese schools in terms of types. They are all set up to meet the needs of employment and retraining. But at present they have not really played the function of serving the local economic construction, so we should improve the conditions of running schools and improve the quality of teaching. At the same time, in order to reduce the financial burden of the state, local schools should be encouraged to run independently. The purpose of serving the regional economic construction is established to expand the enrollment and meet the needs of various levels, which is also a reflection of the trend of diversity, popularization and openness of higher education.

With the orientation of market supply and demand and the basis of scientific prediction, we will reform the major and curriculum of colleges and universities and further strengthen the links between colleges and society.

The market economy system itself has the insuperable blindness and the lag weakness, therefore in the specialized establishment cannot completely take the market as the orientation. Based on scientific prediction, we should establish scientific prediction educational institutions and make talent demand prediction in line with the development trend of the market by relying on the new trend and demand of the market. At the same time, colleges and universities should also reform their teaching methods, focus on training students' practical ability and practical ability, enhance adaptability in practical work, ensure high employment rate of graduates, and contribute to regional economic construction.

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