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Should the government withhold information

2019-05-13 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Should the government withhold information,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了政府应不应该隐瞒信息。关于政府是否应该隐瞒信息,已经有过无数的争论。尽管很多人在任何情况下都相信诚实,但也有人认为“善意的谎言”只对大多数人有利。在“善意谎言”的道德困境中,最重要的是找出一个可持续的优先级体系,并坚持下去。诚实的重要性应该排在尊重生命之后。因此,在人类生命受到威胁的情况下,政府对公众隐瞒信息是合理的。

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There have been countless arguments about whether there should be withholding of information by the authorities. While many believe in honesty under all circumstances, others argue that “white lies” are only for the good of the majority. Three ethical values will be discussed in this article, in an attempt to solve the myths of the white lie. The ethical values of honesty, sense of responsibly, as well as fairness and equality will provide different perspectives to examine the case. It is important to not that different ethical values are not parallel with each other, but are ranked through a governing system that determine the best outcome for different situations. Similarly, the judgement of whether an action is ethical or not can only be made with knowledge of all the consequences.

Honesty refers to the sense of obligation to speak truthfully and accurately to others. The core of honesty is the respect for the rights of others in obtaining the same level of information. Since the early ages, children are taught not to lie to others. However, the difficulty of not lying increases with time, since there is always a conflict of interest that hinders one from telling the truth. From the authority’s perspective, the people are entitled to know the truth. However, there may be variations in the execution of truth telling, so that the collateral damage of the truth is minimized. For example, the whole picture of an incident may not be revealed to the public first, so that panic is avoided. The “manipulated” honesty is thus to the best ability of the information holder to mitigate the potential damage of the information without lying to the public.

There is a priority in the ethical values. While all ethical values are considered important, some should hold greater significant than others. The greater power an authority has over the public, the bigger responsibility it should carry. The sense of responsibility is thus the major reason why lies are told by the government. However, such lies can only be justified when there are certain things at stake. If the government lies to the people so that a scandalous event can remain hidden, then it is an unethical action. To maintain the trustworthiness of the authority while communicating with the public, courage is necessary in admitting the mistakes made before. To make the most appropriate decision, the authority must have the ability to calculate potential losses and reveal truthful information to the public as much as possible. However, when human lives are in danger, it becomes the priority of the government to save lives.

The last ethical value to be discussed, is the respect for fairness and equality. Although the government is portrayed as a public service agency, it is actually ruling over the majority. This is due to the amount of information that are accessible to the government and not the public. Information has become the new power in recent years, and the equality of the people and the government is thus broken. to restore the equality, the right of the government must be divided, so that different government agencies can supervise each other to make sure no abuse of power, or information in this case, would occur. Another factor to be considered is the consent of the public. If the person being lied to are aware of the possibility and still put the trust in the information holder, the ethical values of fairness and equality would remain intact.

In the ethical dilemma of the white lie, the most important thing is sorting out a sustainable priority system and sticking to it. The importance of being honest should come secondary to the respect for human lives. Therefore, under the situation where human lives are at risk, it is justifiable for the government to withhold information from the public. The flexibility of honesty can also be explored, so that the damage of information is minimized. Overall, white lies can be justified with the consent of the ones being lied to, or with the knowledge of potential harms of human lives. Otherwise, honesty remains a determining ethical value in the decision-making process.

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