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Fiscal revenue and economic growth

2021-03-30 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文-Fiscal revenue and economic growth,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了财政收入与经济增长。财政收入的源泉是经济增长,是GDP的一个部分,只有保持健康的经济增长,财政收入及其增长才能得以维持和实现。但是,过大、过高的财政收入及其增长率会加重国民负担,抑制居民消费和企业再投资,从而抑制经济增长。有论文需要帮忙的亲亲可以联系我们的专属客服进行咨询喔~

 Fiscal revenue and economic growth

Based on the analysis of the relationship between fiscal revenue and economic growth and empirical research abroad, the paper empirically analyzes the relationship between fiscal revenue and economic growth in the Yangtze River delta region by using the 1994―2010-time series data. The measurement results show that: the central government revenue is relatively high in the Yangtze River Delta region, in which Shanghai and Jiangsu Province are especially obvious, and the financial burden of the Yangtze River Delta region is heavier, and the financial revenue is growing faster; The total fiscal revenue of the three provinces and cities in Shanghai and Jiangsu province exceeded the best scale, among which the financial over-enrolment Finally, based on the analysis of the conclusions, the paper puts forward some policy suggestions.

Due to the deterioration of international economic environment and the development of domestic economy, the downward pressure of China's economic growth has obviously increased in recent years, and this judgment has become the consensus of all circles, so how to keep the economic stability and rapid growth is the problem that our country needs to pay attention to and solve. Yangtze River Delta is one of the economic-intensive regions in China, and it is also one of the important engines to stimulate China's economic growth, which occupies a pivotal position in China's economic development. 2011, the Yangtze River Delta region GDP has exceeded 10 trillion yuan, the national proportion is 213%, its GDP growth to the national GDP growth contribution and contribution rate reached 353% and 1975% respectively.

The influence factors of economic growth are varied, this paper focuses on the influence of fiscal revenue on economic growth of Yangtze River Delta region. The research contents mainly include: the relationship between fiscal revenue and economic growth, the structure and scale of fiscal revenue in the Yangtze River Delta region, the comparison of the fiscal revenue growth and economic growth in the Yangtze River delta, the optimal scale of fiscal revenue in the Yangtze River delta, the reasonable scale of fiscal revenue in the long triangle, and the

Fiscal revenue is the material basis to improve the environment of economic development, improve people's quality of life and maintain the stability of social order. The source of fiscal revenue is economic growth, is a part of GDP, only to maintain healthy economic growth, fiscal revenue and its growth can be maintained and realized. However, excessive and excessive fiscal revenue and its growth rate will aggravate the national burden, inhibit the consumption of residents and reinvestment of enterprises, and thus restrain economic growth.

For the relationship between fiscal revenue and economic growth, American scholars have studied deeply and put forward the theory of "Laffer curve". The rationale is: Assuming that the government's revenues are all from taxes, when the tax rate is at its best, as tax rates rise, revenues will increase, but will not constrain growth. When the tax rate exceeds the best point, the higher tax rate will affect the enthusiasm of the workers, reduce the output, and the revenue also decreases. The significance of the Laffer curve is that tax rates affect not only taxes but also output, and ultimately economic growth. The tax rate should be moderate, to seek an optimal tax point, can obtain the most tax and not hinder the economic growth, only reasonable income level can have a positive impact on the social and economic development. Similarly, a region's fiscal revenue should also have an optimal scale, in less than the best scale of the increase in fiscal revenue will not constrain output and economic growth, beyond the optimal size of fiscal revenue and growth still maintain a high level, will have a constraining effect on output and economic growth. According to the principle of the biggest incompatibility between fiscal revenue and national income, the best tax rate on tax revenue and the best tax rate on economic growth are not concurrent, and the government must make the most financial revenue at the expense of economic growth, and to maintain the maximum economic growth, the government cannot get the most revenue.

The income scale is the most beneficial to economic growth. Since our country has always implemented the policy of collecting and supporting, we can use the theory of studying the impact of government expenditure on economic growth to analyze and determine the best fiscal revenue scale in the Yangtze River delta region.

The financial burden of the Yangtze River Delta region is heavier, and the central government revenue is relatively high, especially in Shanghai and Jiangsu province. This is not worth worrying, because from the international experience, countries and regions with higher economic development tend to have higher financial burdens, taking into account the fact that the economic disparity in the three major regions of eastern, central and western China the Yangtze River delta region more than other regions to bear some of the tax is also due, the problem is that the Yangtze River Delta region's financial burden exceeded its economic growth in favor of the best scale, there is a financial over-enrolment problems, in 2010, the three provinces and cities of Shanghai and Jiangsu respectively Over-enrolment 38, 100, 52%, it can be seen that the financial over-enrolment of Jiangsu Province is the biggest problem, which deserves attention and attention. Not only that, the more worrying is that the growth elasticity of the financial revenue of the three provinces and cities in Shanghai and Jiangsu is bigger, and the growth elasticity reflects the development trend, which indicates that the problem of fiscal over-enrolment in the Yangtze River delta area will become more and more serious, especially the Jiangsu.

In actual economic activity, it is impossible to expect that the fiscal burden of a country or region is just the optimal size, but it needs to be kept within a reasonable range of the best size, so as to benefit healthy and faster economic growth. Therefore, based on the above conclusions, we give the following policy recommendations:

Through the moderate adjustment of fiscal revenue policy, to restrain the excessive growth of fiscal revenue, avoid the long period of the gross financial income of the Yangtze River delta region, the proportion of GDP is seriously deviated from the best scale state, so that its financial burden rate remains within a reasonable range of scale. According to the spirit of the CPC's 18-ninth plenary on deepening the reform of taxation system, the Yangtze River delta should reduce the tax burden of some advanced manufacturing and modern service enterprises, which can reduce the overall tax burdens of the region and promote the improvement of its industrial competitiveness and economic transformation, which is beneficial to the regional economic development.

In the Yangtze River Delta region of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, in recent years, the financial burden rate is in the process of gradual decline, the change of financial burden rate in Zhejiang province is relatively stable in general, but the growth momentum of Jiangsu Province's financial burden is strong, and the financial over-enrolment phenomenon is more serious, so it should be the focus of Misting in the work of restraining the excessive revenue growth in the Yangtze River delta region. The first pilot of the tax reform, which was implemented in Shanghai by some service industries, to reduce the local tax has a certain role, but also to promote the development of services, Jiangsu Province in the near future should implement and fully implement the tax policy, and try to expand the scope of the service industry pilot, in order to ease its financial burden rate growth too fast problem.

The Yangtze River Delta region control the scale of fiscal revenue and the rapid growth, not only is the three provinces and cities in Shanghai and Jiangsu Province local government and related functional departments, but also the central government and its related departments, only local and central exerting force, curb the rapid growth of fiscal revenue to receive good results. As Shanghai and Jiangsu Central revenue accounted for about 2/3 of the total financial revenue, the central government revenue accounted for in Zhejiang province, although far less than two provinces and cities, but also close to 1/2, this fiscal structure determines the Yangtze River Delta region control revenue scale only the central and local simultaneous operation can be effective.


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