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A Rhetoric Analysis of “The Singer Solution To World Poverty”

2020-01-13 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

This article entitled “The Singer Solution To World Poverty” by Peter Singer  is from the New York times magazine. Its theme is how to solve world poverty. In this essay, it is argued that the author of  “The Singer Solution To World Poverty” uses logos, ethos and pathos effectively to increase the appeal.

Through this article, the author wants to suggest that we should use our own income to help those poor people, because these people may die of poverty. At the beginning of the article, the author examines things from the point of view of Dora, the heroine in a movie. The heroine Dora is a retired teacher with a low income. If she helps a homeless boy go home, she can get a bonus. She could use the money to buy a new TV, but her neighbor told her that no one would take him in because he was too old, and that the boy waited for him to sell his organs. The heroine faces two choices. The first is to choose to ignore the boy's death and use the money earned to buy a TV, but such behavior will be condemned by people. The second option is to save the boy so that she doesn't have a bad conscience. The leading actress chooses to bring the boy back. The author uses the plot of this film to ask people to think about the moral argument about whether people should spend their money on entertainment or donate to the disadvantaged. The author's audience is people from all walks of life, regardless of their status. They may be trafficked; they may have no money to eat; they may be homeless. The urgent problem to be solved is the poor people in the society. As compatriots, we should extend a helping hand to them.

Since the author wants to arouse the feelings of the reader, he uses pathos, namely emotion appeals and make it more convincing to the reader. Readers who read his stories begin to sympathize with the boy who is about to be trafficked or the child who is about to be run over by a train, and thus begin to believe that the author's ideas are correct. In addition, the authors write, "you also now have the information you need to save your child's life. If not, how do you judge yourself?".  The author relates these stories to readers and immerses them in these characters, which can set off a tense atmosphere and resonate more with readers.  But the reader may not want to donate his or her fortune. Then, like Bob, most people choose not to sacrifice their luxuries to save children's lives, and most people don't live up to their moral obligations. The author exaggerates the significance of donations from Americans. "The money you will spend in the restaurant will also help save the lives of children overseas! Yes, you weren't going to spend $200 tonight, but you could easily save that money if you gave up just one month of eating out. What is a month of dining out compared to a child's life?" By this, Bob's case was relevant to ordinary people  as there are ways to save the lives of starving children by sacrificing some luxuries and donating to organizations like UNICEF . He wrote in his article "our income is spent on things not essential to the preservation of our mattress and health...That money could mean the difference between life and death for children in need" (Singer). In this sentence, the author urges readers to give up the money spent on luxuries in an emotional manner and donate it to those who are suffering. This allows the reader to sympathize with the characters in the article.

The use of logos is effective as the article is written logically and centers about the central idea.The first paragraph introduces the topic of the paper, give the author's name, the title of the paper, and thesis statement - state the  main argument. The use of logos is shown in the central idea, which is, "whatever money we spend on luxuries, not necessities, should be given" (Singer).  Then the author uses a large number of examples to prove the world's poverty.  In this article, the author gives two opposite examples. The first example is a movie that depicts a retired teacher choosing between a hundred dollars and the life and death of a strange boy. The second example is that of a retiring man who chooses between his car and a child who is about to be killed by a train. Finally, the author carries on the thorough analysis according to these two examples.  The author believes that people should donate according to their own income and suggests that most people give up the pursuit of luxuries, because these actions can improve the lives of children. From a logical point of view, the author uses two impressive stories, Using a number of examples to make his case, Peter Singer argues that instead of spending on luxuries,  the life should be given priority.

The author also used ethos in the article, as Singer proved that he had good intentions towards the readers through spiritual debate and proposed his identity in the article to improve his authority.  One the one hand, the author claims that Bob's case is similar to ours, and the author does not condemn seemingly immoral behavior.  He says that Bob's behavior will be followed by most people. But on the other hand, one could have saved the child's life by sacrificing Bugatti, which is a luxury worth less than the child's life.  The conflicts between two sides in this article tell people that sometimes people should give up something that is not necessary for them. Then the money for these things can save a person's life. The author puts the urgent problems in the society in front of the readers. His opinion is that the current solution to poverty is to ask people to donate their property to help those who are starving. Therefore, he said to the readers "Yet for a utilitarian in the article Philosopher like myself -- that is, one who awaited whether acts are right or wrong by their Negative consequences -- if the upshot of the American's failure to donate the money is that one More kid dies on the streets of a Brazilian city, then it is, in some sense, just as bad as Shot the kid to the outraged peddlers" (Singer). He mentioned in the article he was a philosopher, so readers can more believe his words, to increase the credibility of the article. With this credibility, the author calls on people to help those children as much as they can.

In terms of the use of rhetoric,  “The Singer Solution To World Poverty” is an emotion-inspired article, and the author also uses logos and ethos of this rhetoric in an attempt to convince the reader, which makes it easy for readers to be encouraged. It thus appeal to their emotions, and try to elicit their responses, thus winning their support. 

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