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The impact of land reserve on land market

2019-11-14 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The impact of land reserve on land market,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了土地储备对土地市场的影响。当前的土地储备制度对于土地市场来说,虽然起到了积极的促进作用,但由于现如今土地市场发展的不完善,土地资源得不到高效合理地利用,土地储备制度所带来的变革以及优越性自然得不到体现。为此,国家不仅需要完善土地储备制度管理,还需要落实具体的发展措施,确保城市的建设发展。

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With the rapid development of social economy and the acceleration of urbanization, China's land market economy is also in a good state of development. Land reserve is a kind of macro-control measure that our government controls land development. It is also an important reform that our country makes in order to cater to the market economy. Nowadays, how to use land effectively and reasonably and increase the value of land assets has become an important problem for China's land storage system.

Land reserve system is a land management system set up to meet the needs of market economic system reform and accelerate urbanization. However, the development of land resources also needs strong financial support. After all, the land reserve system is a complex project, with great difficulty in development, large amount of capital input, long time of capital return and other major risks and hidden dangers. How to make the land bank perfect the function of its assets is particularly important.

Since the founding of new China, China's economic system has undergone a fundamental change. From once planned economy system, change now socialist market economy system. In this process, land, as an essential resource for urban development, is changing with the transformation of economic system. With the acceleration of urbanization in China, the traditional land allocation system is gradually unable to meet the needs of urban construction and the development requirements of real estate economy. Therefore, in order to meet the needs of future social development and effectively carry out macro-control on land economy under the market economy system, the country established the land reserve system to meet the requirements of the economic system.

In the land market, there is always a contradiction between the demand for housing brought by the increase of population and the demand for land needed by economic development. The different properties of the land itself also lead to the problems that the land cannot be replaced or completely enter the market for competition. Therefore, the land reserve system is actually the government's regulation measures on the relationship between supply and demand in the land market. Its purpose is to perfect and protect the asset value of land from damage, protect the demand for land in the urbanization construction and stabilize the healthy development of the real estate industry. The emergence of land reserve system is also the macro-control measures taken by the government to avoid a series of problems of land monopoly and merger under the market economy.

In addition to meeting the needs of housing land and industrial land in urbanization, land reserve plays an important role in regulating urban construction and maintaining harmonious development between natural ecology. Different industrial construction planning and construction design designed according to the development value of each piece of land will not only affect the asset value of surrounding land and the benefits generated by economic activities, but also have a direct impact on the surrounding ecological environment. And these influences are bound to lead to all kinds of social influences, and even cause extremely serious social problems. Therefore, the land reserve system is also a measure for the government to divide the property of land from the root and centralize the regulation and control. Under the condition that the asset value of the land is not damaged, it is also necessary to ensure that the public attribute of the land is retained, so as to realize sustainable development of ecological benefits. At the same time, it is also necessary to ensure that the interests of the land market will not be damaged under the intervention management system, so as to maximize economic benefits.

Nowadays, urban construction is no longer limited to a simple development mode of radiation from the urban center to the surrounding areas, but more needs to focus on regional advantages and bring out greater industrial scale benefits. This not only requires government departments to introduce relevant policies to stimulate economic activity, but also requires strict management and review of land use right transfer and use plan. Therefore, it is necessary to fully understand the attributes of these lands and achieve the purpose of improving the utilization rate of land resources through the overall planning of the country.

In terms of the utilization efficiency of land resources in China, the land market fails to give full play to land resources due to the narrow coverage of its supervision and operation. On the one hand, in the process of urban construction, China needs a large amount of land to settle down in the industry, centralize advantages for industrial intensive development, and attract investment from high-yielding industries, but it is still unable to allocate appropriate high-value land resources. On the other hand, a large amount of land backlogs cannot be effectively used. In terms of resource allocation efficiency and land attribute structure adjustment, unreasonable land resource allocation also exists, and land resources in urban centers cannot be fully utilized.

In the existing land use right transfer way, mainly by agreement transfer way. In the market, the two land transfer methods of auction and bidding have not got reasonable development space, which leads to the loss of competitiveness of the land market and the lack of transaction vitality. In addition, in the paid agreement transfer of land, there is a seller in the transfer process of the transfer price is low, resulting in the value of land assets can not be reflected, thus affecting the healthy development of the land market, the market also lacks the correct price transfer guidance system, the lack of competitive quality.

At present, the land use right transfer in our country is implemented in a dual-track system, and the regularization of the land market cannot be guaranteed by the system. Private land transactions are more concentrated and frequent, thus creating a huge industry chain. In the process of compensated land transfer and sale, huge economic benefits will be generated. In order to maintain the existence of this interest chain, it is inevitable that someone will hinder the development of the formal land market, and even cause malfeasance, corruption, improper transactions and other problems. For the development of land market, it is produced bad effect undoubtedly.

At present, China has issued a lot of relevant legal documents and regulations to ensure the perfection of the land reserve system. However, for land reserve work, it is still necessary to carry out reasonable and scientific planning for the utilization of land resources in the implementation of specific work. On the one hand, the government needs to strengthen the functions of supervision and service, promote the rational use of land resources through macro-control, enhance the effective supply and use of land planning, and meet the economic development needs of the land market. On the other hand, it is necessary to fundamentally solve the contradiction between land supply and demand, strengthen the management responsibility of land resources reserve, find effective utilization measures for overstocked land resources, improve the construction of public service facilities, and maximize the benefits of land resources with the minimum cost.

Regulatory responsibilities for the work of land reserve, need government to long-term planning, clear planning department, the housing authority, finance, the area of responsibility of the city was built, and other relevant units, coordinating work between different departments, to perfect the land reserve system, and strengthen market oversight responsibilities, accelerate the process of urbanization, so as to achieve the aim of land market benign growth. In general, the land reserve will have a serious impact on the supply and demand relationship of the land market, and will also affect the price fluctuation of the land in a short time. In order to make the land market develop well for a long time, it is necessary to strengthen the management of land reserve and establish a sound scientific and sustainable management system.

Although the current land reserve system has played a positive role in promoting the land market, due to the imperfect development of China's land market, land resources cannot be used efficiently and reasonably, and the changes and advantages brought by the land reserve system cannot be reflected naturally. Therefore, government departments not only need to improve the management of land reserve system, but also need to implement specific development measures to ensure the scientific development of China's urbanization construction.

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