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India's policy of attracting scientific and technological innovation talents

2019-08-15 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- India's policy of attracting scientific and technological innovation talents,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了印度科技创新人才的吸引政策。为补充国内人才缺口,吸引海外人才到印度工作创业,印度提出了“科学人才库”计划,自1960年开始投资实施。为吸引更多的科技创新人才回国工作创业,印度不仅兴建硬件条件优良的科技园区以集聚产业,还推行了财税等各项优惠政策,为回国工作和创业的科技人才提供生活与工作上的便利。

Since 1960, a large number of Indian scientific and technological talents have been working and living in developed countries such as Europe and the United States, resulting in a shortage of senior talents in India, which gradually affected the development of Indian high-tech industry and further affected the economic development of India. In 1950 and 1980 India produced far more scientific and technological talent than society needed, forcing many of them to leave their home countries in search of work. In 1980 and 1990 India was losing about 6,000 scientific and technological talent every year. As of the early 1990s, India had more than 300,000 technology brain drain, including nearly 80 percent of IIT graduates. In recent years, India's economic reform has greatly promoted economic development, and a large number of Indian talents choose to return home to work. But there are still large Numbers of Indian students studying abroad, and the number is growing. As a result, there is still a large talent gap in India.

In order to fill the domestic talent gap and attract overseas talents to work and start businesses in India, India has put forward the "scientific talent pool" program, which has been invested and implemented since 1960. With the development of globalization and Informatization, India expanded the overseas expert talent pool to the global Indian knowledge network in the seventh PBD in 2009, becoming a "virtual think tank" based on information technology.

The Indian government's Overseas Indian Citizen and Person of Indian Origin make it easier for Indians Overseas to return home. In 2012 the government proposed merging the PIO Card with the OIC Card to make it easier to manage. India also gives overseas Indians "overseas Indian citizenship", in addition to enhance the cohesion of the overseas Indians, let them know more about their country, to attract more overseas talent to return home, the Indian government declared January 9 "overseas India day", and in this day held a conference on "overseas Indians", called overseas participants from India, issued after the selection of the "overseas Indians award". "Overseas Indians day" has become a big day for overseas Indians, giving a big boost to the brain drain.

In order to attract more scientific and technological innovation talents to work and start their own businesses back home, it not only constructs scientific and technological parks with good hardware conditions to gather industries, but also implements various preferential policies such as finance and taxation, so as to provide living and working convenience for scientific and technological talents who work and start their own businesses back home. For example, in 1991, the Indian government put forward the "software technology park plan" and set up autonomous institutions of the park to promote the smooth implementation of the plan. And the Indian government has issued a series of policies and regulations that are conducive to the development of the IT industry. For example, Information Technology Action Plan was proposed in 1998, which promoted the development of IT industry through various ways. In terms of fiscal and tax policies, the Indian government not only increases financial investment in research and development, but also provides tax incentives for returned entrepreneurs and start-ups. By 2009, when some of the preferential policies supporting the development of the IT industry expired, India decided to continue these policies and planned to introduce new ones. In 2011, the Indian government formulated the 2011 national electronics industry policy, 2011 national information technology policy and 2011 national communications industry policy, putting forward many policies and measures for the further development of India's IT industry and soliciting opinions from the society.

In order to improve the research conditions for scientific researchers, the Indian government has been increasing investment in scientific research funds, and India has also increased investment in its higher education to cultivate more excellent scientific and technological talents, promote the transformation of scientific research achievements into commercial products, and improve the economic benefits of scientific research achievements. India is also pouring money into the development of major science projects, such as a billion dollar plan for supercomputers. In 2013, the "policy on science, technology and innovation" was issued, which emphasizes the promotion of scientific research institutes and major scientific projects. Cooperation between scientific research institutions and enterprises can create a win-win situation for both sides. Enterprises can provide scientific research funds for scientific research institutions, and the use of funds by enterprises is more convenient and flexible. The application of scientific research results to production can not only promote the upgrading of products, improve economic benefits, but also reduce the cost of research and development.

India's efforts to manage and maintain its overseas talent pool are also worth learning from. For example, special organizations are set up to be responsible for the selection of overseas talents. In 2008, China put forward the implementation of the "thousand talents plan", which is the talent pool system of China. In the implementation and management of the "thousand talents plan", we can refer to some practices of India. According to the current situation of domestic talents in China, summarize the domestic talent structure and its problems, find solutions to the problems, and take the initiative to find specific talents; Establish a talent pool in China, set up special institutions responsible for timely update of information; Establish a contact mechanism for overseas talents so that overseas talents can keep abreast of China's talent policies and development status.

In an effort to cut costs and make it easier for expatriates to cross the border, India has issued special identification documents. China can follow India's example by issuing special identification documents for senior talents and offering special entry and exit, tax and other living conveniences to the holders of such documents.

After 1990, in order to attract Indians from overseas, the Indian government adopted various measures including overseas Chinese affairs, finance, taxation and education to increase the number of returned entrepreneurs. Since the implementation of the "thousand talents plan" by the Chinese government in 2008, in order to facilitate the work and life of talents in China, provinces and cities have set up special service Windows for talents in China, taking the "one-stop" service and the whole process of agency to handle all kinds of procedures for talents in China. These policies need to be further refined and optimized, not only to make life more convenient for talents coming to China, but also to take into account their work, so as to form a comprehensive policy guarantee system.

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