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German romances of chivalry and chivalry

2019-07-09 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- German romances of chivalry and chivalry,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了德国的骑士文学与骑士精神。骑士是中世纪兴起的一个社会阶层,并且在中世纪欧洲占有重要地位。德国骑士文学的发展一定程度上收到了法国的影响,从法国通过口头文学的传唱形式将法国的骑士文学传入德国,同时在法国骑士文学的内容、题材上进行改动,加入新的修辞或者扩大题材范围,由此形成德国骑士文学。从对德国骑士文学的分析来看,可以看出骑士自身必须具有谦恭、英勇、正直、荣誉、牺牲这些美德。而德国的骑士精神主要包括勇往直前、尊重女性以及信守承诺这三种。

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With the emergence of the medieval knight class in Europe, there appeared the corresponding culture of chivalry and chivalric literature. This essay focuses on the study of German chivalric literature and chivalric spirit. While German chivalric literature is influenced by French chivalric poetry, some forms of expression are added correspondingly, which enriches the genre content of chivalric literature.

Medieval Europe can be called the age of knight, knight is a rising social class in the middle ages, and occupies an important position in medieval Europe. To some extent, the development of German chivalric literature was influenced by France, which introduced French chivalric literature to Germany through oral literature transmission. Meanwhile, the content and theme of French chivalric literature were modified, new rhetoric was added or the theme scope was expanded, thus forming German chivalric literature.

From the political perspective, the antagonism between the feudal lords and religion and the rivalry between the feudal lords caused a lot of war, in the era of war knights follow lords, but in times of peace, the Lord forgave the knight's worry about food and clothing, so the knight has a lot of fun time, in the process of enjoyment is created with hair of religious asceticism, pleasure-seeking German knight literature characteristics.

On the premise of taking French chivalric literature as the blueprint, the genre of German chivalric literature is rich. According to specific works, it can be divided into three categories: court love songs, chivalric romances and heroic epics. Combined with the works of relevant writers, this paper analyzes the chivalric literature of these three genres.

Court love song is a kind of poetry popular in the German court, in European culture there is a special term "Minne", roughly means the knight of a high status and married lady love and admiration. Thus we can see the respect for women in the romances of chivalry, and the roots of German gentleman culture can be found here. From the in-depth study of court love song, it can be seen that most of the women depicted have higher status than knights, and they are able to resist the temptation of emotion and have noble qualities in the face of knight's love and pursuit. Therefore, it is generally the knight's desire to pursue the object of his admiration, but the expression of emotion should be neither too implicit nor too explicit, otherwise it will lose the appeal of court love song or cause others' dissatisfaction.

From the expression content of palace love song, it can show the knight's self-liberation consciousness, but at the same time it is oppressed by the feudal ritual system. In addition to a strong sense of self-liberation, there is a saying that the love of feudal lords in the middle ages has certain political purposes. However, this kind of love of knights is a real personal feeling and has certain progressive significance. However, because the target of pursuit is the feudal Lord's woman or the woman with higher status than their own, the love of knights is suppressed and cannot get a happy ending, so they rely on palace love songs to express their emotions, such as Heinrich von Morungen's works, which are typical representatives.

The origin of knight epic is in the middle of the 12th century, the content is mainly based on Greek mythology, and the main type of writer is knight poet. Chivalric romances mainly describe the love and adventure of knights. The main representative works include "Ivan", "Parsifal" and "poor henrich".

In "Ivan", Ivan, the knight, regards his knighthood as his duty. When the feudal Lord's rule is threatened, Ivan is sent to take risks to consolidate the court society. Although the knights leave the court, they still stick to the court system, complete the adventure and return to the court, and finally consolidate the court system. It can be seen from this chapter that the theme of chivalric romances is adventure. "Henrich" is about the knight's love, this knight legend describes a knight suffering from a incurable disease, met a kind girl, this girl is willing to use their own blood to cure the knight, her dedication touched the god, woke up the knight, finally recovered, yu this girl married. It shows the love of knights, but with a certain Christian color.

Heroic epic is a new genre of German chivalric literature, which is mainly based on some ancient legends of Germanic nationality. The main task of heroic epic is not knights, but national heroes of ancient Germanic nationality. The most famous song of nibelungen is from the middle ages in Germany.

The song of niberon is divided into two parts, with a total of 9,516 lines. The general content is based on the background of national migration and the treasure of niberongen as the clue, which tells the rise and fall of the kingdom of king bogen in the tribal struggle. The final ending of the story is sad, but the heroes depicted are inspiring.

From the analysis of German chivalric literature, we can see that knights themselves must have such virtues as humility, valor, integrity, honor and sacrifice. German chivalry mainly includes courage, respect for women and keeping promises.

Knights must have this spirit of courage when fighting with their lords, so as to effectively help the lords expand and protect their territories. Moreover, the chivalry of courage was highlighted in Germany in World War II, and it was only with this spirit that the germans conquered the whole Europe. From the point of view of knights' pursuit of ladies and their own emotions, it reflects the respect of knights to women. The reservation of such chivalry in Germany is very obvious. In the current German society, women are highly respected and men have the spirit of gentlemen. The knightly adventure mentioned earlier in "Ivan the terrible", with the promise to the Lord, the risk of danger, can embody the promise of chivalry.

From the discussion of German chivalric literature and chivalry, I can have a better understanding of the development of German literature and the profound influence of chivalric literature on Germany. In the current German nation, these medieval chivalry has deeply influenced the German people, which makes me better understand the good chivalry hidden in the German people. Besides, chivalric literature enriches the content of European literature, which makes me further understand Europe, broadens my horizon and enriches my theoretical basis.

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