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The harlem Renaissance

2019-07-08 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The harlem Renaissance,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了哈莱姆文艺复兴运动。哈莱姆文艺复兴运动,又称黑人文艺复兴运动,指的是20世纪20年代到经济危机爆发这10年间美国纽约黑人聚居区哈莱姆的黑人作家所发动的一种文学运动。它以纽约哈莱姆为中心,以“黑人民族的桂冠诗人”兰斯顿休斯为代表,主要反映了美国黑人渴望复兴黑人民间文化遗产和振兴美国黑人文化的呼声和反对种族歧视、表现种族自我的决心。

harlem Renaissance,哈莱姆文艺复兴运动,essay代写,作业代写,代写

The harlem Renaissance was an ideological and cultural movement initiated by the emerging black intellectuals in the early 20th century. It was an active exploration of the path of black liberation from the perspective of literature and art by the emerging black intellectuals, which had a great impact on the African American literature and culture and laid a solid foundation.

The harlem Renaissance, also known as the "new Negro movement", "black Renaissance movement". It refers to a literary movement launched by black writers in harlem, a black district of New York, during the decade from the 1920s to the onset of the economic crisis. It takes harlem, the "capital" of African American culture, as its center, and langston hughes, the "poet laureate of the black nation" as its representative. It mainly reflects the desire of African Americans to revive the black folk cultural heritage and revitalize the African American culture, and their determination to oppose racial discrimination and express themselves.

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, black Americans set off a wave of black urbanization, and a large number of black people from the south poured into northern cities. The great migration made black people directly feel the rapid pulse of modern cities, and a large number of new and strange experiences forced them to change their way of thinking. With the improvement of living standards and educational conditions, black people's self-esteem and sense of independence have been cultivated and enhanced. Harlem naturally formed the center of this movement. As a result of this great migration, the population of New York's harlem doubled from 1900 to 1920. Black people gradually developed class stratification in the process of integrating into urban life. The middle and upper class black people formed the mass base and cultural soil of the "harlem Renaissance" movement. This determines that harlem is bound to become the cultural center of African Americans.

The liberal and free social environment also provides fertile soil for the prosperity of literature. It is no accident that the harlem Renaissance began in the black neighborhoods of New York around 1917 and flourished for more than a decade. New York is an international metropolis. Its open, pluralistic and cosmopolitan atmosphere is conducive to the production and development of culture. Here, people can easily feel the infection of new culture, the desire for art can be easily stimulated, and artistic talents can have opportunities to be displayed.

After the World War I, the black people's national movement soared, social consciousness and class consciousness were greatly improved, and national self-esteem and national consciousness were further strengthened. Black people are proud of African legends and beautiful with black skin and curly hair. In this context, the inferiority of black writers began to disappear. They were no longer satisfied with the docile image of "uncle Tom", and advocated to praise the spirit of the new black and set up the new black image in their works. There were obvious changes in attitude and tone in black literature. Inspired by the social and cultural atmosphere of the time, they expressed the aspirations of black people through poems and novels. At the same time, the widespread racial discrimination in the society at that time and the decline of the urban center forced blacks to live in fixed areas, and a large number of black people concentrated in a cultural focus, making it easier for the black cultural elites to produce a large number of literary works in the ethnic areas.

After the end of the World War I, the American society entered into a period of comprehensive prosperity, and the era gave people more freedom. The black people also reacted positively and showed new confidence in their ability. In terms of the emerging black literature itself, it is not isolated but an aspect of the overall prosperity of American literature. Americans in this period were eager to try, trying to open up new spiritual fields and mature in art, establishing a higher standard of American literature and national art. African American culture seeks the same satisfaction and purpose. Although there may be differences in color and property, black culture is closely related to The Times and their cultural background, and is part of the larger picture. In the midst of a national agitation, the consciousness and imagination of black people were aroused, and they fought for their own democracy. Young blacks joined other Americans in expressing their dissatisfaction with reality and resentment, determined to break with the few and limited influence of the older generation of black writers and to break with the stereotypes that bound racial literature before and after the war.

The harlem Renaissance emphasized the black experience. Black writers have made unremitting efforts in this movement and achieved remarkable artistic achievements. Black but they are trying to clarify the collective identity but the problem is: whether they should to show their talent, within the framework of traditional art, in other words, they will not from their own cultural limitations and into a new world of art, or whether they are the black unique ideological content infusion into white idiomatic form of art? Is it just about the black experience, or is it about American or international issues? This difficult choice led them to adopt a compromise approach, with different voices, to depict the situation of black people while integrating their own art form into the mainstream culture.

While emphasizing their racial consciousness, the new blacks insisted on their American identity. The double identity of African Americans can be said to be the product of institutionalized racism in the United States, symbolizing the double racial and cultural identity of African Americans. This reflects the two mindsets of black Americans: they do not want to leave the United States, because there is too much to leave; They are also unwilling to bleach their souls under the oppression of white Americans because of the meaning of their black skin.

The harlem Renaissance was not an isolated literary movement. Apart from the freedom, equality and novelty of the 1920s and the left-wing literature of the 1930s, it was mainly due to the joint efforts of black scholars and artists. A climate of new literature gradually took shape in the United States, and gradually developed into a second boom of American literature including the 1920s and 1930s. The harlem Renaissance developed synchronously with the mainstream of American literature, and objectively influenced and in turn accepted the great cultural atmosphere. Under the function of a variety of factors, is the true sense of the rise of black American literature in the 20 s vigorous, began to show their literary power, a lot of work in the 30 s to an unprecedented level of development, and its influence over 30 s, and during world war ii in the United States after world war ii, is becoming more and more obvious in the literary world.

One of the most noteworthy elements of the first harlem Renaissance was its congruence with the spirit of jazz. This period in the United States is called the jazz age, and jazz is a music form of expression produced and developed by black west africans who were trafficked to the United States and away from their natural environment. By consoling each other, blacks recall their distant homeland and history together. In jazz, the performer does not usually express the theme, but USES the theme to express his own intention. This characteristic of jazz suited people to express dissatisfaction with reality and protest against racism, while the spirit of mocking traditional ideas dominated the 1920s. Jazz is emblematic of The Times because it has spontaneity, it has created a way of working together, and it has a community that resonates with it.

Its harlem Renaissance writers, though racially minded, were no longer loyal to the dominant black values, but sought alternative values within the confines of tradition. The driving force of his creation includes, but goes far beyond the ethnic scope, showing the general resistance of modern artists to bourgeois civilization. Here we find a point of spiritual alienation between the black intellectuals of the 1920s and the "lost generation" of writers. Their vulgar American literature, like those of white exiles, does not advocate blind assimilation into hopeless materialism, but thinks about how to preserve its distinctive racial character.

The tendency of "archaism" in this period provided an opportunity for black and white writers to create a common garden and cultural cooperation. Eugene o 'neill's king Jones, the hairy ape, all the daughters of god have wings, and Sherwood Anderson's wicked laughter explore race or describe the primitive savagery of man beneath the surface of modern "civilization". These works are both an echo and an inspiration to black writers and a sympathetic audience for taking black themes seriously.

The story of harlem is similar to that of white writers. Black literature began with a fierce debate about whether black writers should use the underclass as material, and just as dreiser, crane, and Norris shocked the feelings of the victorians, so did the emergence of the black middle class in harlem. Those conservatives believe that the inassimilable elements of race should be hidden and not exposed to readers in "dirty" novels. What's more, the exploration of black people's identity is a typical American pursuit, and the examination of black writers' personal identity is obviously one of the typical themes of American literature.

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