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Genome Screening

2019-05-13 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Genome Screening,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了基因组筛选。基因组筛查是一种很有前途的医疗方法,但要推广它仍有很多问题需要解决。此外,有必要向公众加强基因组测序检查和相关可能疾病的公共教育,不仅要引导他们对结果采取正确的行动,而且要尽量避免他们对悲观结果的消极态度。

Genome Screening,基因组筛选,essay代写,作业代写,代写

Introduction

This essay is based on the given article discussing the genome screening and the possibility of it spreading into routine health care. In the section below, issues about the importance of informing plan, reasons of cost concerns and challenges it faces are discussed. Furthermore, conceiving of personal access as well as launching in China are both considered and presented. According to the discussion, it provides relative viewpoints that may contribute to improving the process.

Informing the patients in certain ways

When informing the patients about their genetic screening results, it is significant to ensure the patients comprehend the meaning of the results completely; otherwise any type of misunderstanding may lead to serious consequences. As is mentioned in the article, Ashley Meskill received a relatively reckless warning from a less professional counsellor who directly told her about the odds of possible diseases she might have, which led to a “harrowing experience” for her. Provided that someone less optimistic experiences such “sudden information” like her, there is possibility that the anxiety might affect people's health in a negative way, which probably increases the odds of having the diseases, or at least lower the quality of everyday life.

Concerns of insurance companies

The cost may be unsustainable. Subsequent health examinations and maintenances will cost much more in probably long life span. Although this is an effective way to remarkably secure the health of the patients, it is a huge burden for the national health insurance system. Moreover, there are people who cannot handle their relatively higher disease possibilities from the genetic screening results; as a result they are likely to waste more resources on unnecessary examinations repeatedly. Nevertheless, it is mentioned in the article that if the genetic screening is conducted on unborn babies, it is wasted if the carriers do not adopt any measures about the result, providing that mutations are detected. This scenario is considered an economic inefficiency as well, which can be argued oppositely. On the one hand, although the babies with genetic mutations do not receive any treatments, their foster cares as well as they are able to be aware of their health conditions in the future. On the other hand, even though the parents decide to give up babies with higher disease risk, there is no guarantee to their future babies to be free from the very disease due to heredity. Thus the case is not completely negative economically.

Challenges of cost in spreading

Firstly, only a small part of the population received the genomic screening really benefit from it. Secondly, subsequent costs of people in need will be hard to maintain. Thirdly, there is no 100% guarantee to ensure the results are accurate. Last but not least, unpredictability of human behavior will probably add cost to the future treatment. These are actual issues lying in front of the popularity of the method. However, given time and effort to improve the medical insurance system as well as the technology, it will be a promising health-care approach in the future.

Viewpoint on a personal level

Given the chance, I would like to have my genome screened for disease gene variants, but optionally know the results. It is obvious that the approach can dramatically improve the health condition for people with certain types of gen-related disease. Nevertheless, it is not a perfect solution. For the diseases that can be detected but no further treatments that will effectively prevent them, best choice is to stay unaware, in case the shadow of knowing the risk might negatively influence my future.

Possibilities of launching in China

As for China, the medical insurance system is largely different from that in the U.S., which is the key point to cause unique challenges. As the coverage rate of Chinese medical insurance system is relatively lower, plus investment in medical system is not abundant, there would not be enough support to a program like the MyCode Health Initiative, let alone to spread it nationwide. The large population would bring difficulty to it. Moreover, lack of medical knowledge and trust in doctors would present more challenges on launching the program.

Conclusion

In summary, although the genome screening is a promising health care approach, there are still issues to solve in order to popularize it. In addition, it is necessary to improve the public education about genomic sequencing check and related possible diseases to the public, not only to lead them to take right actions to their results, but to try to avoid their negative attitude towards gloomy results. After all, it is not a final sentence to their life.

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