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The American system of vocational and technical education

2019-04-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The American system of vocational and technical education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的职业技术教育体系。进入新世纪后,美国职业技术教育发生了很大的改变,从过去的职业技术教育变成了生涯技术教育,这一变更已由法案确定和认可。当前,美国成千上万的综合高中、中等和中等后职业技术教育机构、生涯学院、社区学院都在提供各种生涯领域的职业技术教育项目和课程,为青年和各个年龄段的成年人提供接受高等教育和终身学习的准备。目前,美国的职业技术教育已涵盖大部分专业领域。

vocational and technical education,美国职业技术教育体系,essay代写,作业代写,代写

After entering the new century, the terminology of Vocational and Technical Education in the United States has changed from Vocational and Technical Education in the past to Career and Technical Education, which has been confirmed and recognized by the 2005 amendment of Carl perkins Vocational and Technical Education passed by the senate in March this year.

Currently, tens of thousands of comprehensive high schools, secondary and post-secondary vocational and technical education institutions, career colleges and community colleges in the United States are providing vocational and technical education programs and courses in various career fields to prepare young people and adults of all ages for higher education and lifelong learning. At present, vocational and technical education covers professional fields such as agriculture, commerce, housekeeping, health care, sales, technology, handicraft and industry.

Since the United States is a federal country, the administration of vocational and technical education is dominated by local governments. The governing body of vocational education in the United States is the vocational and technical education committee or similar institution established at the state level, which plans, coordinates and plans the prefectural vocational and technical education. To administer the allocation of federal and state funds for vocational and technical education; Reviewing and evaluating curriculum and training programs; To issue teacher certificates; Determine student fees and audit school district financial performance. School district education committees in each state are responsible for discussing and developing school district financial budgets, determining and adjusting professional Settings and training programs, providing financial aid and career guidance to students, and hiring principals and teachers.

American vocational and technical education mainly relies on local property taxes, state grants, federal grants and tuition fees. State grants, accounting for 18 to 20 percent of school income; Federal funding, about 10 percent; Student fees, ranging from 8 percent to 10 percent, are used mainly to provide new much-needed professional courses and training programs, as well as to provide financial assistance to students with disabilities, ethnic minorities and students from low-income families.

The technical readiness programme, which began in the early 1980s, has led to the reform of vocational education through collaboration between secondary and post-secondary institutions, and the reforms have been implemented through an agreement process. The program works through secondary and post-secondary education to create a seamless transition system that avoids duplication in the curriculum. So far, 47% of public high schools offer one or more technical preparation programs. Nearly every community and technical college participates in a technology readiness program, including many four-year colleges and universities, as well as private businesses, employers, and associations.

Career college is a "school within a school" type, usually located in high schools. The career college program embodies a number of innovative ideas, including the construction of small classes, the integration of academic and career-related courses, and the involvement of employers in school education in multiple roles. Career colleges are generally offered in grades 10 through 12. Some colleges are open to students in grades 9 through 12 or 11 through 12. After careful evaluation, career colleges have been proven to have a positive impact on students and schools, including student attendance, credit attainment, grade levels and graduation rates. There are currently about 2,500 high schools in the United States with career colleges.

Work - based learning embodies the idea of integrating work experience with vocational education curriculum. By involving students in the construction of knowledge and encouraging them to participate in real work tasks, it helps students' personality development and professional growth. Work-based Learning includes a variety of Apprenticeship programmes such as j.shadowing, Service Learning, Internship, Apprenticeship and others, all of which provide students with valuable workplace experience.

"Monorail" vocational education system is the most prominent characteristic of American vocational and technical education, which is implemented through the carrier of comprehensive middle school. Although the "monorail system" is not the elimination of the sub-track as advertised and the realization of education equity, it has made a beneficial attempt to promote the democratization of education and accelerate the modernization of education and played a very important role.

The concept of lifelong vocational education runs through the development of American school vocational education, and the recent development of vocational education has integrated the characteristics of "lifelong vocational education" into the practice of reform. Vocational education institutions at all levels strive to equip students with the ability of lifelong learning through the integration of vocational education and academic education.

Vocational and technical education is more successful in the United States, mainly displays in the vocational education development direction of the timely transformation, and the coordinated development of social economy, the benign interaction, and the success of the transformation, is that the country's relevant institutional guarantee, namely at every critical moment to pass legislation to ensure the development direction of vocational education and the strategy.

The promotion of "individualization" is deeply rooted in the cultural core of "individualism" that pays attention to individual talent and creative development in the United States, and the theory of "competency-based" vocational education and training in the United States is the best interpretation of the implementation mode of individualized vocational education.

The development of vocational and technical education in the United States has always attached great importance to the establishment of good cooperative relations with the business community. With the development of the society, the traditional one-to-one school-enterprise cooperation is challenged, and the business community starts to actively participate in the process of education reform and serve the education reform by coordinating the time, content and resources of the entire enterprise resources.

According to the review of the historical development of American vocational and technical education, the present situation and focus of American vocational and technical education are grasped, and the future development trend of American vocational and technical education is forecasted.

Improve academic requirements is one of the focus of the current American vocational education, the real reason mainly includes: first, employers are becoming valued employees' ability of reading, writing, and mathematics, but they generally believe that the current education does not let the graduates with these basic academic ability, thus has higher levels of academic ability can help graduates employment; Second, a higher level of academic ability can provide a necessary foundation for on-the-job training or other education and training after employment. Third, in an era of accelerating economic and technological development, a more solid academic capacity can help people better adapt to changes in the economy and the surrounding environment.

In vocational education, the importance of academic education is emphasized and the standards of academic learning are raised. The integration of vocational education curriculum and academic learning curriculum provides an implementation framework for stimulating students' learning interest and motivation and realizing that vocational education is open to all students. Improving the academic standards of vocational education is in line with the objective requirements of economic development. It is of great value to change the status and appearance of vocational education and will become one of the future trends of the development of American vocational education.

Strengthening the connection and integration of secondary and post-secondary education has a long history in the development of American vocational education, and this trend will continue. The employment model under the influence of the new economic development characterized by the application of knowledge and information technology is "high skill, high income", which requires job seekers to complete training or education after high school. Vocational education must establish a seamless transition system between high school education and post-secondary education opportunities. Post-secondary education opportunity should be a very broad concept, including formal 2-year and 4-year higher education, as well as post-secondary vocational training. At present, the United States fully embodies flexibility and openness in establishing the transition system from secondary education to post-secondary education, mainly through the credit system, technical preparation plan and other ways to achieve the transition, all these efforts have been proved valuable in practice. This trend will also affect the future direction of vocational and technical education in the United States.

Career guidance and counseling programs are designed to help students make more rational and better choices in continuing education and career. Career counseling provides students with a variety of information, including content of high school courses, career opportunities, types of academic and vocational training required for future success, and post-secondary education opportunities related to areas of interest to students. Career counseling also provides teachers, administrators, and parents with information they can use to support and coach students in their career exploration and post-secondary education options. The theory and practice of career guidance and counseling in the United States are relatively mature and will continue to help students make a smooth transition from school to career.

To sum up, American vocational and technical education is going beyond the traditional narrow training mode for specific professional positions, exploring the path for all students' career development, and continuing to try and innovate in the development of vocational and technical education in the 21st century.

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