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The most reliable explanation of the current status of American unions

2020-06-01 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 --  The most reliable explanation of the current status of American unions,本文讲述在美利坚合众国,劳资市场化程度高,个人主义强的雇主和雇员之间总是存在冲突。面对拥有生产资料的强大雇主,单个雇员的权力极低。劳资双方之间的竞争中的任何抵抗或不满,似乎都是试图阻止战车的螳螂。面对如此巨大的权力差距,美国工会找到了合理的存在并逐渐发展成为一种强大的武器,使员工可以团结起来,以对抗雇主的权威,发表自己的见解,维护合法权利并改变不公平的状况。

美国工会历史悠久,在劳动与管理之间的不断发展和变化中发挥着重要作用(Peterson1963年)。特别是在其主要职能上,他们在进行集体谈判,规范劳资纠纷和规范劳资关系方面发挥了积极作用。通过分析工会的现状和原因,接下来我将探究工会以及劳工与管理之间的关系

 

The most reliable explanation of the current status of American unions

 

Introduction

In the United of America, there have always been conflicts between employers and employees with high level of labor force marketization and strong individualism. Facing with powerful employers who possess the means of production, an individual employee has an extremely low power. Any resistance or dissatisfaction in the contest between labor and management seems like a mantis that tries to stop a chariot. Confronting with such a wide gap of powers, the US labor unions have found out a rational existence and progressively developed into a powerful weapon that employees can unite together to fight against employers’ authority, voice their own opinions, maintain legal rights and change unfair situations.

The US labor unions have a long history and play its great important role in the continuous development and change between labor and management (Peterson, 1963). Especially for its major functions, they have played a positive role in performing the collective bargaining, regulating the disputes between labor and management and normalizing the relationship between labor and management. By analyses of current conditions and causes of the labor unions, next I am going to detect the labor unions and relationship between labor and management

 

Two manifestations of current conditions of US labor unions

The main manifestations of current conditions of US labor unions are for great numbers and low density (Freeman and Hannan, 1987). In the US, there are about 190 relatively large-scale labor organizations, of which they are labor unions and other employees associations. The union’s numbers in the US are so much more than that in other developed countries, such as there are 110 national labor unions in the US and 17 only in Germany. The main causes for such current condition are for the professionalized labor union and the right of free organization.

 

What features professionalized labor union is for unions’ jurisdiction’s divide, which is mainly based upon professions. Its organization scales are small, but the main objectives for its activities are for pursuit of higher salary level, welfare benefit and better working conditions. However, since an industrial union is divided against industries, its organization scale is much larger with higher level of organization and of seeking wider range of social benefits that are outside of workplace. Considering of that, the professionalized labor organizations are the main causes of the existence of so many US labor unions.

 

As for the right of free organization, the American law regulates that each type of workmen group has the right to set up its own labor organization. The labor union is by self organized and administered. For this reason, any workmen group who has sensed of interests violation and found nowhere to appeal can by law establish a labor union or other types of labor organizations. Thus workmen’s power can be united together to confront the employers’ authority. But what is worthy of stating is that it will not be always legal if labor unions are freely organized by the workmen. Although the workmen group may freely organize their own labor union, one worker can only select a single labor union to represent for him according to limitation of single representative principle. And the scope of jurisdiction for different labor unions cannot be overlapped. Therefore, when a new labor union established, it must submit application to NLRB, named as National Labor Relations Board. The NLRB will approve its application and as well work out its jurisdiction’s divide. Thus the numbers of US labor unions are actually subject to a limitation to a certain extent.

 

Speaking of low density of labor union, the numbers of US labor unions are plenty, but the level of member rate is relatively low. In recent years, there has been less than 16% ratio between the union members and the overall labor forces in the US. And the union density of private departments is even lower to 8%. The major reasons come from the American government, the employers and the employees.

 

Due to strong individual thoughts that excludes collective acts and poor confidence employees poses to unions for failing operation (Kochan, 1979), the union density in the US is relatively much lower than other developed countries. Meanwhile, what is worthy of noting is that such low density also demonstrate a constantly downward trend. Even though the American unions’ members are increasing gradually, the member rates are decreasing year by year as member’s increase does not catch up with that of working population. Various kinds of reasons may lead to such trend. First, the American industrial structures have changed a lot from the past leading manufacturing to the third industry oriented. The declining manufacturing industries which have enjoyed union high member rates have made the overall union density going down. Second, as foreign enterprises from other developing countries are competing so intensely, the unionized enterprises are forced to control the labor costs and constrain the union development. Third, as the governmental regulations are intensifying protection of employees, some of union’s roles and functions are reduced. Lastly, the incompetency of union has made itself less attracting.

 

Conclusion

Concluded from above, the American unions have played a paramount important role in the operation of labor and management. However it has to be confessed that the unions are now facing serious recession. The declining low density of union members has made its functions reducing. So where does the American union go in the ever-changing relationship between labor and management? All we can do is to wait and see.

 

 

References

 

Freeman John and Hannan Michael T., 1987, ‘The ecology of organization founding: American labor unions’, The American Journal of Sociology,

 

Kochan Thomas A., 1979, ‘How American Workers View Labor Unions’, 102 Monthly Lab, Rev. 23

 

Peterson Florence, 1963, ‘American Labor Unions: What they are and how they work’, Harper & Row (New York), Vol. 2, Pp. 271

 

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