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History of China's tourism industry

2020-05-29 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- History of China's tourism industry,本文讲述改革开放之前,中国的旅游业规模很小,主要集中在外交事务上。改革开放后,中国的旅游业开始以惊人的速度蓬勃发展。它已成为推动经济发展的主力军和工业的重要支柱。近年来,国内旅行和国际旅行的数量均猛增。 1982年,中国只有180万外国游客,占世界的0.7%,在世界上排名47。但是,这种情况在几年中发生了很大变化。 2002年,国内旅行达到8.78亿人;外国游客达到9,991万人,中国人出国旅游达到1,700万。具体来说,中国旅游业的整个过程分为三个阶段。

 

History of China's tourism industry

 

Before reform and opening up, the scale of China’s tourist industry was very small and it mainly focused on foreign affairs. After reform and opening up, China’s tourism began to boom at an astonishing speed. It has become a main force driving the development of economy and an important pillar of the industry. The number of both domestic travel and international travel soars in recent years. In 1982, there were only 1.8 million foreign travelers to China, which accounts for 0.7% of the world, ranking 47 in the world. However, this situation greatly changed in several years. In 2002, domestic travel has reached 878 million people; foreign travelers have reach 97.91 million, and Chinese people traveling abroad has reached about 17 million. Specifically , there are three stages during the whole process in China’s tourist industry.

 

In the early years, with the victory of the Korean War and the rapid recovery of the national economy, great achievements were made and new China's growing international prestige was paid attention. This not only prompted the requirement for a growing number of international friends to look at China's new face at the initial stage, but also the majority of overseas Chinese, Hong Kong and Macao compatriots would also like to return to visit relatives and friends. In order to meet the needs of such situation, the found of travel agencies, travel business was referred to carry out the country's  affairs agenda.

 

With the development of China, the CPC Central Committee put forwarded the document to vigorously carry out tourism,and the State Council decided to invest in  360 million RMB to build tourist hotels, to purchase of vehicles and other transportation facilities to expand the reception capacity and to increase foreign exchange earnings for the country. The consequence is that these decisions effectively promoted the development of tourism. In 1978, the country's total number of inbound tourism reached 1,809,000 (of which 230,000 foreign tourists), breaking the previous record .

 

In modern China,tourism receive more attention and more measures were taken to improve the development of tourism such as rectifying the tourism market to  improve the quality and competitiveness and accelerating the transition to a modern service industry. All this shows a bright future of tourist industry. China has turned out to be an great tourism country in both Asian region and the world.

 

There are several reasons contributing to the prosperity of tourism in China.First, attributed to the reform and opening policy, the living standard in China has been remarkably improved and traveling has become a symbol of being well-off. Increasing population has more chances to accept the popularity of the new staff outside. Just at this time, this policy accelerate the communication inside and outside and people could receive the most modern and trendy thoughts from the developed and the west countries.

 

Second, after entering the WTO, all industries in China has gained more chance to get in touch with the international community, including the tourism. Under this circumstance, tourist industry has a better environment to strengthen itself. With more foreign capital, the domestic tourism financing channel will be wider and new tourist attractions, scenic and projects will be endless. The exploration of domestic tourism resources will gradually increase with increasingly rich tourism products.

 

Third, China’s increasing international status and strengthening power also help to facilitate the development tourist industry. Traditionally ,it seems that China was neglected due to lagging economy and powerless international influence. No one believe that it is worthy to spend a treasure and their precious time to travel to a lagging country. However, as China increasingly catches the eyes of the world, the international community starts to be interested in China and more people pour more passion to travel in China and to appreciate its deeply rooted culture and history.

 

Fourth, as tourist industry gradually turns out to be a main driving force of China’s economy, Chinese government redoubles efforts to push forward the tourism. More capital was invested in the exploration of the tourist attractions , the improvement of the traffic( such as the road the subwaythe railway and the air) , the infrastructure and the reception facilities (such as the shuttle bus and some emergency clinic). All of the reflect a fact that the tourism is receiving an increasingly significant attention in China, especially for the Chinese government.

 

Fifth, Modern information technology has become an important driving force to affect human life and economic activity. The rapid development and application of information technology has a profound impact for the future development of tourism---the information-based industries. Through the use of information technology, we can easily access more information on all aspects to arrange our own itinerary and to travel in a more scientific way. More importantly, it could provide internship scientific management, reduce operating costs and increase labor efficiency. Also, the information technology helps to improve the quality of tourism services, tourism product development, and innovative business philosophy to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises and accelerate the pace of structural adjustment. All of them do a lot favor to the development of tourism in China in the long run.

 

Sixth, Major event activity has increasingly become an important way to develop tourism, inspiring tourism economy. This is because such activities not only focus on the spread of mass media coverage but also rapidly improve the visibility and reputation of a tourist destination, thereby greatly enhancing tourism attractiveness and distinctive image of the city, by which i mean the social and economic significance , to some extent, is obvious.For example, the Olympic Games hold in the capital city of China, Beijing not only brought a treasure for this city in terms of hotels, restaurants and some related caring service industries but also improved the reputation of Beijing globally.

 

 

Source:

(1) A Brief Introduction of China’s Tourist Industry,

http://wenku.baidu.com/link?url=8DpHESvcJRBn3a4V0CVi9TXIpmLVa8erY988SkIyuR-E8ReCSigdt8UNO84sov6_8YI9JL0TmYn4tclIzjAzJfpGt_426dfB5taHB8QIqHa

 

http://wenku.baidu.com/link?url=KPr992-KpPwaD04x8ZreHtx2eGAvSpEqlf1z0wZlYcaRwEa2enuq1MSOWqUz9xfp0o5KUd_TYZ0WPmRb3B5PWV8uO_uaNXcSWgGYCgj_KFq

 

(2) Development Situation of China’s Tourist Industry,

http://www.82222919.com/list_news/32pk0245.html

 

 

 

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